Cambridge, MA – Former Secretary of Defense Ashton B. Carter will join the Harvard Kennedy School as the Belfer Professor of Technology and Global Affairs and Director of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. As Secretary of Defense, Carter, a physicist, became known for pushing the Pentagon to “think outside its five-sided box” in order to transform the way the military fought adversaries and strengthened alliances, managed its budget and talent, developed its technology, and more. He will now lead the Belfer Center’s programs and will focus his scholarship on the role of innovation and technology in addressing challenges at home and around the world.
A seminar with Trevor Johnston, MEI Research Fellow and and Ph.D. in Political Science, University of Michigan. Part of the Middle East Initiative Research Fellow Seminar Series.
Moderated by Tarek Masoud, Sultan of Oman Associate Professor of International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School.
Throughout the Arabian Gulf, the immigration law known as the kafala gives private firms control over their workers' mobility, housing, and general welfare. These states have effectively abdicated almost any responsibility over migrants, providing firms nearly unchecked power over their workers' daily lives. In this presentation, I consider the welfare implications of this system, and explore the conditions under which migrants can extract concessions from firms. Drawing on a nationally representative survey from Qatar, I show that migrants with a contract and credible exit options hold greater bargaining power, which strongly associates with improved perceptions of welfare and overall satisfaction.
For more about Trevor Johnston, click here.