In the modern era, there is great convergence in the technologies used by friendly nations and by hostile ones. Signals intelligence agencies find themselves penetrating the technologies that they also at times must protect. To ease this tension, the United States and its partners have relied on an approach sometimes called Nobody But Us, or NOBUS: target communications mechanisms using unique methods accessible only to the United States. This paper examines how the NOBUS approach works, its limits, and the challenging matter of what comes next.
Carol Dumaine , Deputy Director for Energy and Environmental Security, Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, U.S. Department of Energy
Graham Allison, professor, Harvard Kennedy School, and director, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
Daniel Schrag, professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences, and director, Harvard University Center for the Environment
Carol Dumaine serves as the head of a newly-created directorate, Energy and Environmental Security Directorate, in the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence at the U.S. Department of Energy. Prior to this, she served as director of the CIA's Global Futures Partnership, a strategic "think-and-do tank" that undertakes unclassified global outreach on strategic issues facing the intelligence community today and in coming years. She was a 2007 Service-to-America National Security Medal Finalist for spearheading the Global Futures Forum initiative, a multinational network linking representatives of intelligence services with leading thinkers from academia, business, strategy and other non-government sectors in communities of practice focused on transnational security issues. Prior to this, Ms. Dumaine served as an analyst and manager in the CIA's Directorate of Intelligence since the early 1980s. She has lived in Austria, Germany, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Russia, and Taiwan, and has degrees from Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service and Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies.
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