"Like the president he now serves, Anton doesn't understand how the global trading order actually works. Trade agreements are long and complicated today because they are no longer primarily concerned with reducing tariffs (which are already quite low). Instead, contemporary trade agreements are mostly about harmonizing labor, regulatory, environmental, and copyright standards across many different societies, precisely for the purpose of creating fairer competition between states. Agreements of this kind are very much in America's interest, because otherwise U.S. workers would have to compete with foreign industries where labor and environmental standards are much lower than they are in the United States."
Jamal Ibrahim Haidar is an associate at the Belfer Center's Middle East Initiative and a former postdoctoral research fellow (2015-2016). He is currently a research fellow at the Center for International Development at HKS. Prior to joining MEI, he was a Ph.D. candidate at the Paris School of Economics, University of Paris-1 Pantheon Sorbonne (FR). Jamal also holds master degrees in economics and international finance from Johns Hopkins University and City University London, respectively. Previously, he worked at the World Bank, International Finance Corporation, International Monetary Fund, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Institute of International Finance, and Deloitte. His fields of specialization are international economics, development economics, and political economy. Jamal's current research agenda includes studying (i) micro-level impacts of economic sanctions against Iran, (ii) job creation and sector concentration in Lebanon, and (iii) exporters dynamics in Arab, African, and Latin American economies. His pre-doctoral research has been featured in the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, La Tribune, and other media outlets. You may learn more about Jamal's research via his Harvard scholar page: http://scholar.harvard.edu/haidar/.Last Updated: Jan 6, 2017, 12:57pm