In the modern era, there is great convergence in the technologies used by friendly nations and by hostile ones. Signals intelligence agencies find themselves penetrating the technologies that they also at times must protect. To ease this tension, the United States and its partners have relied on an approach sometimes called Nobody But Us, or NOBUS: target communications mechanisms using unique methods accessible only to the United States. This paper examines how the NOBUS approach works, its limits, and the challenging matter of what comes next.
Melissa Hathaway joined Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs as a senior advisor to its cybersecurity initiatives in 2009. She is participating and contributing to the joint MIT–Harvard Project on Technology, Security, and Conflict in the Cyber Age (Project Minerva). The primary objective of this project is to generate theoretical, policy, and strategy frameworks to assess threats and identify opportunities in cyberspace for national security, welfare, and influence for international relations in the 21st Century. She is contributing to the interdisciplinary research program by developing methods to measure, model, interpret, and analyze challenges and responses in cyberspace. More recently, Hathaway has been contributing to cybersecurity research initiatives at both the Belfer Center and the Berkman Center for Internet & Society.
Hathaway is also one of the lead instructors for Harvard's executive program, Cybersecurity: The Intersection of Policy and Technology. Hathaway frequently guest lectures at universities in the Boston area as well as universities overseas. A list of her recent publications is set forth below.
Hathaway served in two U.S. presidential administrations, spearheading the Cyberspace Policy Review for President Barack Obama and leading the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI) for President George W. Bush. She built a broad coalition from within the executive branch and established an unprecedented partnership with Congress to obtain bipartisan support for addressing cybersecurity priorities. She developed and created a unified cross-agency budget submission for FY 2008 and for 2009–2013, assembling disparate funding sources into a coherent, integrated program. Hathaway stood-up the Cybersecurity Office within the National Security Staff and set the expectation and pace to move the United States toward a stronger more resilient information and communications infrastructure. At the conclusion of her government service she received the National Intelligence Reform Medal and the National Intelligence Meritorious Unit Citation Medal in recognition of her achievements.
After her government service, Hathaway established Hathaway Global Strategies, LLC. She is a leading expert in cyberspace policy and cybersecurity and brings a multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional perspective to strategic consulting and strategy formulation for public and private sector clients. Having served on the board of directors for two public companies and three non-profit organizations, and as a strategic advisor to a number of public and private companies, Hathaway brings her clients a unique combination of policy and technical expertise, as well as board room experience that allows her to help clients better understand the intersection of government policy, developing technological and industry trends, and economic drivers that impact acquisition and business development strategy in this field.
Hathaway has a B.A. degree from The American University in Washington, D.C. She has completed graduate studies in international economics and technology transfer policy and is a graduate of the U.S. Armed Forces Staff College, with a special certificate in Information Operations.Last Updated: Aug 22, 2017, 11:51am