In the modern era, there is great convergence in the technologies used by friendly nations and by hostile ones. Signals intelligence agencies find themselves penetrating the technologies that they also at times must protect. To ease this tension, the United States and its partners have relied on an approach sometimes called Nobody But Us, or NOBUS: target communications mechanisms using unique methods accessible only to the United States. This paper examines how the NOBUS approach works, its limits, and the challenging matter of what comes next.
Professor Robert Springborg was the Fall 2016 Kuwait Foundation Visiting Scholar at the Middle East Initiative. Robert Springborg is Visiting Professor in the Department of War Studies, King’s College, London; and non-resident Research Fellow of the Italian Institute of International Affairs. Until October 2013, he was Professor of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School and Program Manager for the Middle East for the Center for Civil-Military Relations. From 2002 until 2008 he held the MBI Al Jaber Chair in Middle East Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, where he also served as Director of the London Middle East Institute. Before taking up that Chair he was Director of the American Research Center in Egypt. From 1973 until 1999 he taught in Australia, where he was University Professor of Middle East Politics at Macquarie University. He has also taught at the University of California, Berkeley, the University of Pennsylvania, College of Europe (Warsaw) and elsewhere.
His publications include Mubarak’s Egypt: Fragmentation of the Political Order; Family Power and Politics in Egypt; Legislative Politics in the Arab World (co-authored with Abdo Baaklini and Guilain Denoeux); Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East first and second editions,(co-authored with Clement M. Henry); Oil and Democracy in Iraq; Development Models in Muslim Contexts: Chinese, ‘Islamic’ and Neo-Liberal Alternatives and several editions of Politics in the Middle East (co-authored with James A. Bill). He co-edited a volume on popular culture and political identity in the Gulf that appeared in 2008. He has published in the leading Middle East journals and was the founder and regular editorialist for The Middle East in London, a monthly journal that commenced publication in 2003. He has worked as a consultant on Middle East governance and politics for the United States Agency for International Development, the US State Department, the UNDP, and various UK government departments, including the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Ministry of Defense and the Department for International Development. He has advised various intelligence organizations in the US. He has served as expert witness in courts in the UK and Australia on criminal, civil and immigration cases.
He is a member and past President (1991), Australasian Middle East Studies Association; member of the National Advisory Committee of the Middle East Policy Council, Washington, D.C. 1997-; member of the Editorial Board of The Middle East in London, 2003-; member of the Editorial Board of the LMEI/SOAS Saqi Series on Contemporary Middle East Issues, 2005-; member of the Board of Trustees of the Committee for British Research in the Levant, 2005-; member of the Board of the British Society for Middle East Studies, 2004-; member of the Editorial Board of Foreign Policy Bulletin, 2005-; Member of the Board of Trustees, Arab-British Chamber of Commerce Foundation, 2007-; member of the Steering Committee of Il Vicino Oriente, September 2007-; member of the Editorial Board of the Routledge Series on the Political Economy of the Middle East, 2008-; member of Phi Beta Kappa Epsilon of Minnesota, 2008-.Last Updated: Aug 29, 2017, 10:30am