Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security
The New Era of Counterforce: Technological Change and the Future of Nuclear Deterrence
For decades, nuclear deterrence has depended on the impossibility of a first strike destroying a country’s nuclear arsenal. Technological advances, however, are undermining states’ abilities to hide and protect their nuclear arsenals. These developments help explain why nuclear-armed states have continued to engage in security competition: nuclear deterrence is neither automatic nor permanent. Thus, the United States should enhance its counterforce capabilities and avoid reducing its nuclear arsenal.
Keir A. Lieber and Daryl G. Press, "The New Era of Counterforce: Technological Change and the Future of Nuclear Deterrence," International Security, Vol. 41, No. 4 (Spring 2017), pp. 9–49.
Analysis & Opinions - Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
Analysis & Opinions - The National Interest
Analysis & Opinions - Russia Matters