Journal Article - The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs
Pakistan Through the Lens of the 'Triple A' Theory
How has a state whose founding fathers were secular people who believed in rule of law and democracy drifted toward religious extremism and authoritarianism? Three primary factors—variations on the Triple A theory of influence (Allah, the Army, and America)—have led Pakistan down this path: a powerful independent military, the mushrooming of religious militant groups, and the hydra-headed monster that is the intelligence services.
Analysis & Opinions - Future of Diplomacy Project, Belfer Center
Analysis & Opinions - Russia Matters