International Security & Defense

277 Items

Is Chinese Nationalism Rising? Evidence from Beijing


Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Is Chinese Nationalism Rising? Evidence from Beijing

  • Alastair Iain Johnston
| Winter 2016/17

Many commentators claim that rising nationalism in China has pushed the Chinese leadership toward aggressive foreign policy stances. Responses to the Beijing Area Study survey from 1998 to 2015, however, suggest that popular nationalism is not increasing. China’s more bellicose behaviors can be better explained by factors such as elite opinion, leaders’ preferences, security dilemma dynamics, and organizational interests.

Analysis & Opinions - Lawfare

Three Observations on China's Approach to State Action in Cyberspace

| Jan. 22, 2017

Cyber Security Project Director Michael Sulmeyer and Project Affiliate Amy Chang discuss their observations on China's Approach to cyber after a recent visit to Beijing. Sulmeyer and Chang were part of a small group of American academics and goernment representatives to meet with Chinese counterparts about contemporary issues in cybersecurity.

Israeli Prime Minister Eshkol in conversation with President Lyndon Johnson at the White House in Washington, D.C.


Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

To Arm or to Ally? The Patron's Dilemma and the Strategic Logic of Arms Transfers and Alliances

| Fall 2016

How do great powers decide whether to arm or ally with client states? Great powers face the “patron’s dilemma”: ensuring clients’ security without being drawn into unwanted conflicts. Thus, great powers offer alliances only to states whose interests closely match their own, and arm only states that are relatively weak and therefore unlikely to behave aggressively. U.S. policies toward Israel and Taiwan reveal that the United States engaged in calculation of its rational interests instead of being influenced by domestic politics.

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Correspondence: Debating China's Rise and the Future of U.S. Power

| Fall 2016

William Z.Y. Wang responds to Stephen G. Brooks and William C. Wohlforth's winter 2015/16 article, "The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers in the Twenty-first Century: China’s Rise and the Fate of America’s Global Position."

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Correspondence: Stability or Volatility across the Taiwan Strait?

  • Derek Grossman
  • Sheryn Lee
  • Benjamin Schreer
  • Scott L. Kastner
| Fall 2016

Derek Grossman; and Sheryn Lee and Benjamin Schreer respond to Scott L. Kastner's winter 2015/16 article, "Is the Taiwan Strait Still a Flash Point? Rethinking the Prospects for Armed Conflict between China and Taiwan."

Taiwan's fleet of F-16s consist of older A/B Block 20 class fighter jets. The government had requested 66 newer F-16 C/D block 50/52 fighter aircraft. Instead the United States has offered to upgrade the current planes, 30 September 2011.

Creative Commons

Analysis & Opinions - The Diplomat

How to Sell Arms to Taiwan

| November 2, 2016

"To avoid a future crisis with China over arms sales, the United States should dispense with the "arms package" approach to arms sales to Taiwan and instead conduct the sales in a steady stream of small increments. Nobel-prize winning strategist Thomas Schelling coined the term "salami tactics" to describe this approach, a reference to slicing off an objective in a series of gradual steps rather than all at once."

Jens Stoltenberg speaks to students at the Harvard Kennedy School.

Bennett Craig


The Three Ages of NATO: An Evolving Alliance

| Sep. 23, 2016

Jens Stoltenberg,NATO Secretary General, discussed the future of the NATO alliance during this speech, given at the Harvard Kennedy School on September 23, 2016. He described the alliance as a responsive organization, capable of adapting to changes in the international security landscape but committed to the continuity of its founding values. In particular, he emphasized the necessity of maintaining a policy of absolute solidarity among member states, especially  in light of the exacerbating civil war in Syria and Russia’s aggressive stance toward countries to the East of NATO member state borders.

An amphibious assault vehicle exits the well deck of USS Tortuga for a joint amphibious assault exercise with the Royal Malaysian Navy as a part of the exercise Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) Malaysia 2013.

Amanda S. Kitchner/U.S. Navy

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School Quarterly Journal: International Security

Can the United States Command the Commons in East Asia?

| August 2016

This policy brief is based on "Future Warfare in the Western Pacific: Chinese Antiaccess/Area Denial, U.S. AirSea Battle, and Command of the Commons in East Asia," which appears in the summer 2016 issue of International Security.