Watch Day 1 of the Fourth Korean Security Summit at Harvard.

Day 1 Agenda: Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of the U.S.-ROK Alliance

Tuesday, 11 April 2023

Venue: Allison Dining Room, 5th Floor, Taubman Building (Click here for map)

5:00 - 5:05pm ET: Summit Overview

     Dr. John Park (Director, Korea Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

5:05 - 5:10pm ET: Welcome Remarks

     Professor Mark Elliott (Vice Provost of International Affairs and the Mark Schwartz Professor of Chinese and Inner Asian History, Harvard University)

5:10 - 5:15pm ET: Belfer Center’s Opening Remarks

     Eric Rosenbach (Co-Director, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

5:15 - 5:20pm ET: Korea Foundation’s Opening Remarks

     KIM Gheewhan (President, Korea Foundation)

5:20 - 5:25pm ET: Korea Institute's Opening Remarks

     Professor Nicholas Harkness (Director, Korea Institute, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University)

5:25 - 5:30pm ET: Korea Foundation Endowment Fund Establishment Statement Signing

     KIM Gheewhan (President, Korea Foundation)

     Professor Nicholas Harkness (Director, Korea Institute, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University)

     Eric Rosenbach (Co-Director, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

5:30 - 5:40pm ET: Congratulatory Remarks

     The Honorable Dr. PARK Jin (Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea)

5:40 - 6:40pm ET: Event 1: Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of the U.S.-ROK Alliance

Moderator

     David Sanger (White House and National Security Correspondent, New York Times)

Panelists

     The Honorable YUN Byung-se (Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea)

     General (Ret.) Vincent Brooks (Senior Fellow, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School; Former Commanding General of ROK-U.S. Combined Forces Command, U.S. Forces Korea, and UN Command)

     Dr. Victor Cha (Senior Vice President for Asia and Korea Chair, CSIS; Vice Dean and D.S. Song-KF Professor of Government, Georgetown University; Former Asia Director, National Security Council, White House)

     Wendy Cutler (Vice President, Asia Society Policy Institute; Former Acting Deputy U.S. Trade Representative)

     Lieutenant General (Ret.) Mary Legere (Former Commanding General, U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command; Former Principal Intelligence Advisor to the Commanding General, U.S. Forces Korea; Former Deputy Principal Intelligence Staff Officer for ROK-U.S. Combined Forces Command and UN Command)

     Professor Joseph Nye (University Distinguished Service Professor, Emeritus, Harvard University; Former Dean, Harvard Kennedy School; Former Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs)

6:40 - 7:10pm ET: Q&A

7:10 - 7:15pm ET: Day 1 Wrap-Up

     Dr. John Park (Director, Korea Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

Watch Day 2 of the Fourth Korean Security Summit at Harvard.

Day 2 Agenda: Navigating the Increasing Control of Critical Technologies

Wednesday, 12 April 2023

Venue: Allison Dining Room, 5th Floor, Taubman Building (Click here for map)

5:00 - 5:05pm ET: Day 2 Overview

     Dr. John Park (Director, Korea Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

5:05 - 5:15pm ET: Day 2 Keynote Remarks

     The Honorable Dr. Bonnie Jenkins (Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, U.S. Department of State)

5:15 - 6:25pm ET: Event 2: Navigating the Increasing Control of Critical Technologies

Moderator

     Dr. Francesca Giovannini (Executive Director, Managing the Atom Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

Panelists

     Jason Hsu (Senior Research Fellow, Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard Kennedy School)

     Professor LEE Chung Min (Senior Fellow, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; University Professor, Institute of Security Convergence, KAIST)

     Amritha Jayanti (Associate Director, Technology and Public Purpose Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

     Professor NAM Ki Tae (Professor, Seoul National University; Member, Presidential Advisory Council on Science and Technology)

     Professor Woodward Yang (Gordon McKay Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University)

6:25 - 6:55pm ET: Q&A

6:55 - 7:00pm ET: Day 2 Wrap-Up

     Dr. John Park (Director, Korea Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

Watch Day 3 of the Fourth Korean Security Summit at Harvard.

Day 3 Agenda: Curbing North Korea's Revenue Generation from Crypto Theft

Thursday, 13 April 2023

Venue: Allison Dining Room, 5th Floor, Taubman Building (Click here for map)

5:00 - 5:05pm ET: Day 3 Overview

     Dr. John Park (Director, Korea Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

5:05 - 5:15pm ET: Day 3 Keynote Remarks

     Andrea Gacki (Director, Office of Foreign Assets Control, U.S. Department of the Treasury)

5:15 - 6:15pm ET: Event 3: Curbing North Korea's Revenue Generation from Crypto Theft

Moderator

     Alex O'Neill (Coordinator, Korea Project & Co-Lead, North Korea Cyber Working Group, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

Panelists

     Nick Carlsen (Blockchain Intelligence Analyst, TRM Labs; Former Intelligence Analyst, Federal Bureau of Investigation)

     Ashley Chafin-Lomonosov (DPRK Cybercrimes Expert, Chainalysis)

     Professor KIM Won-soo (Chaired Professor, Kyung Hee University; Former Under Secretary-General and High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, United Nations)

     Dr. KIM So Jeong (Senior Research Fellow, Institute for National Security Strategy)

     Priscilla Moriuchi (Fellow, Korea Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School; Former Enduring Threat Manager, National Security Agency)

     Dr. John Park (Director, Korea Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

6:15 - 6:50pm ET: Q&A

6:50 - 6:55pm ET: Day 3 Wrap-Up

     Dr. John Park (Director, Korea Project, Belfer Center, Harvard Kennedy School)

6:55 - 7:00pm ET: Closing Remarks

     YOU Kijun (Consul General, Korean Consulate General in Boston)

General (Ret.) Vincent K. Brooks is a career Army officer who retired from active duty in January 2019 as the four-star general in command of over 650,000 Koreans and Americans under arms. General Brooks is a 1980 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, which was the first class to include women. He led the 4,000 cadets as the cadet brigade commander or “First Captain.” A history-maker, Brooks is the first African American to have been chosen for this paramount position, and he was the first cadet to lead the student body when women were in all four classes. He is also the eighth African American in history to attain the military’s top rank – four-star general in the U.S. Army. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Engineering from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point; a Master of Military Art and Science from the prestigious U.S. Army School of Advanced Military Studies at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; was a National Security Fellow at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. General Brooks also holds an honorary Doctor of Laws from the New England School of Law as well as an honorary Doctor of Humanities from New England Law | Boston. He is a combat veteran and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. In retirement, General Brooks is a Director of the Gary Sinise Foundation; a non-resident Senior Fellow at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs; a Distinguished Fellow at the University of Texas, with both the Clements Center for National Security and also the Strauss Center for International Security and Law; an Executive Fellow with the Institute for Defense and Business; and the President of VKB Solutions LLC.

Nick Carlsen is a member of the Global Investigations team at TRM, where he specializes in complex investigations involving mixing services. Prior to joining TRM, Nick spent 12 years as an intelligence analyst at the FBI. While at the FBI, Nick played a key role initiating and executing the US government's largest investigations and disruptions of North Korea's trade-based money laundering networks. These cases resulted in the indictments of dozens of North Korean agents, the first-ever extradition of a North Korean national to the United States, the seizure of tens of millions of dollars in illicit proceeds, and pioneering case law on the use of the USA Patriot Act to obtain international financial records. Nick is the recipient of two FBI Director's Awards (2013 and 2017), the FBI's highest award for investigative excellence. He is also the recipient of two FINCEN Director's Awards (2018 and 2020), and two National Counterintelligence and Security Center Director's Awards (both awarded in 2016).

Dr. Victor Cha joined the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C. in May 2009. He is currently Senior Vice President for Asia and Korea Chair at CSIS. He is also Vice Dean and professor of government and holds the D.S. Song-KF Chair in the Department of Government and the School of Foreign Service (SFS) at Georgetown University. He left the White House in 2007 after serving since 2004 as director for Asian affairs at the National Security Council (NSC). At the White House, he was responsible primarily for Japan, the Korean peninsula, Australia/New Zealand, and Pacific Island nation affairs. Dr. Cha was also the deputy head of delegation for the United States at the Six-Party Talks in Beijing and received two outstanding service commendations during his tenure at the NSC. He is the author of six books, including the award-winning Alignment Despite Antagonism: The United States-Korea-Japan Security Triangle (Stanford University Press, 1999) (winner of the 2000 Ohira Book Prize), The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future (Harper Collins Ecco, 2012), which was selected by Foreign Affairs as a “Best Book on the Asia-Pacific for 2012,” and Powerplay: Origins of the American Alliance System in Asia (Princeton University Press, 2016). He is also co-authoring a new book on Korean history to be published by Yale University Press in 2023. Dr. Cha is a former John M. Olin National Security Fellow at Harvard University, two-time Fulbright Scholar, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Scholar at Columbia University, and Hoover National Fellow, CISAC Fellow, and William J. Perry Fellow at Stanford University. He is currently a fellow in Human Freedom (non-resident) at the George W. Bush Institute in Dallas, Texas. Dr. Cha serves on 10 editorial boards of academic journals and is co-editor of the Contemporary Asia Book Series at Columbia University Press. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Fulbright Association. Dr. Cha received his Ph.D. in political science at Columbia University in 1994, his Master’s in international affairs from Columbia in 1988, an M.A. with honors in philosophy, politics, and economics from Oxford University (Hertford College), and an A.B. in economics from Columbia in 1979.

Ashley Chafin-Lomonosov is a Cybercrimes Investigator with Chainalysis, the blockchain data company that serves the public and private sectors globally in order to enable investigations and compliance in the crypto space. Prior to joining Chainalysis, Ashley served in the U.S. government. She leverages the past 10 years of developing financial threat intelligence analysis skills to investigate nation state activity on the blockchain. She specifically focuses on East Asian issues, spending the majority of her time studying DPRK’s tactics, techniques, and procedures on the blockchain. Ashley holds a Master’s in Business Administration and a Bachelor of Arts in Journalism & Public Relations.

Wendy Cutler is Vice President at the Asia Society Policy Institute (ASPI) and the managing director of the Washington, D.C. office. In these roles, she focuses on leading initiatives that address challenges related to trade, investment, and innovation, as well as women’s empowerment in Asia. She joined ASPI following an illustrious career of nearly three decades as a diplomat and negotiator in the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), where she also served as Acting Deputy U.S. Trade Representative. During her USTR career, she worked on a range of bilateral, regional, and multilateral trade negotiations and initiatives, including the U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, U.S.-China negotiations, and the WTO Financial Services negotiations. She has published a series of ASPI papers on the Asian trade landscape and serves as a regular media commentator on trade and investment developments in Asia and the world.

Professor Mark Elliott is Vice Provost of International Affairs at Harvard University and the Mark Schwartz Professor of Chinese and Inner Asian History in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations and in the Department of History in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. As Vice Provost, Prof. Elliott oversees and works to advance international academic initiatives, extending the global reach of Harvard’s research and teaching activities. In this capacity, Prof. Elliott serves as the University’s representative in negotiating agreements with foreign governments, receiving senior-level international delegations, and representing Harvard to peer institutions and alumni worldwide. In addition, he shares responsibility for supporting the community of international students, scholars, and faculty in Cambridge and Boston, as well as for guiding Harvard’s overall global strategy and sustaining its ongoing development as a global university. Prof. Elliott is an authority on the last four centuries of Chinese history, in particular the Qing period (1636-1911). His research encompasses the history of relations between China and its nomadic frontier, with special attention to questions of ethnicity and empire. His first book, The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China, is a pioneering study in the “New Qing History,” an approach emphasizing the imprint of Inner Asian traditions upon China’s last imperial state. He is also the author of Emperor Qianlong: Son of Heaven, Man of the World, and has published more than twenty-five scholarly articles. He serves on numerous editorial boards, and was for three years the director of the Fairbank Center of Chinese Studies. A graduate of Yale (BA 1981 summa cum laude, MA 1984), Prof. Elliott earned his PhD in History at the University of California, Berkeley. He taught at the University of California, Santa Barbara and at the University of Michigan before coming to Harvard in 2003.

Director Andrea Gacki performed the functions of the Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI) from January 2021 to December 2021. Since September 2019, Andrea has officially served as the Director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), which is a component of TFI in the U.S. Department of the Treasury. OFAC is the federal agency charged with implementing and enforcing economic sanctions on behalf of the U.S. government. Andrea previously served as the Deputy Director of OFAC, starting in March 2017. She also served contemporaneously as the acting Deputy Director and as the Associate Director for Compliance and Enforcement at OFAC from 2014 until March 2017. She also served as OFAC’s Assistant Director for Licensing from 2010 to 2014. Andrea first joined OFAC in March 2008 as the Senior Sanctions Advisor for Program Policy & Implementation. Prior to joining OFAC, Andrea was a trial attorney in the Federal Programs Branch of the Civil Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, where she litigated a broad range of constitutional matters at the district court level, but also importantly represented OFAC by, among other things, defending against designation challenges brought by the Al-Haramain Islamic Foundation and the Islamic American Relief Agency. Andrea also served as a senior member of the Justice Department’s Terrorist Designation Team. Before joining the Justice Department, Andrea was an associate at the law firm of Hogan & Hartson LLP (now Hogan Lovells LLP), and she clerked for the Honorable Avern Cohn on the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. She is a graduate of the University of Michigan Law School and the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor.

Dr. Francesca Giovannini is the Executive Director of the Project on Managing the Atom at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. In addition, she is a non-residential fellow at the Centre for International Security and Cooperation at Stanford University. Dr. Giovannini served as Strategy and Policy Officer to the Executive Secretary of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), based in Vienna. In that capacity, she oversaw a series of policy initiatives to promote CTBT ratification as a confidence-building mechanism in regional and bilateral nuclear negotiations, elevate the profile of CTBT in academic circles and promote the recruitment of female scientists from the Global South. Prior to her international appointment, Dr. Giovannini served for five years at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in Boston as Director of the Research Program on Global Security and International Affairs. Working to leverage academic knowledge to inform better policies, she led and promoted countless academic research on issues such as bilateral and multilateral arms control frameworks, regional nuclear proliferation dynamics, and nuclear security and insider threats. With a Doctorate from the University of Oxford and two Masters from the University of California, Berkeley, Dr. Giovannini began her career working for international organizations and the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Professor Nicholas Harkness is the Modern Korean Economy and Society Professor of Anthropology and Director of the Korea Institute at Harvard University. His research aims to understand and explain the role of language, communication, conceptualization, and other semiotic processes in the formation and transformation of social groups. At Harvard, he also organizes the Roman Jakobson Symposium and the Harvard-Yenching Institute Field Development Program in Linguistic and Semiotic Anthropology. Prof. Harkness’s long-term ethnographic research in South Korea has focused on language, music, and religion within the context of Korea’s massive engagement with Protestant Christianity in the 20th and 21st Centuries. Prof. Harkness’s scholarship and teaching have been recognized by numerous awards, including the Edward Sapir Book Prize from the Society for Linguistic Anthropology and an honorable mention for the Francis L. Hsu Book Prize from the Society for East Asian Anthropology (American Anthropological Association), the Richard Saller Prize for the Most Distinguished Dissertation in the Division of Social Sciences (University of Chicago), and the Phi Beta Kappa Prize for Excellence in Teaching (Harvard University). He is also the recipient of major grants and fellowships, including from the Social Science Research Council, the National Humanities Center (Rockefeller Foundation Fellowship), the Academy of Korean Studies, the Korea Foundation, and the Mellon Foundation (Hanna Holborn Gray Fellowship).

Jason Hsu is Senior Research Fellow at The Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation Harvard Kennedy School. From 2016 to 2020 Hsu served as Legislator At-Large in Taiwan’s Legislative Yuan (national parliament) overseeing technology policy, development, entrepreneurship and innovation. Among the crucial legislations that he initiated and sponsored include FinTech Regulatory Sandbox Act, Autonomous Vehicles Management Act, Amendment on Anti-Money Laundering Law, Cybersecurity Management Act and Virtual Currency Guidelines (Security Token Offerings), Artificial Intelligence Development Act, Digital Economy Principle Act. Hsu is also prominent advocator for socially progressive legislation. He co-led the effort to pass Same Sex Marriage Act and championed for End of Life Dignity Act (Voluntary Euthanasia). Jason is a proponent for cryptocurrency and blockchain. Known as Crypto Congressman, Jason is credited for setting up Asia Blockchain Alliance (ABA),Taiwan Parliamentary Coalition for Blockchain(TPCB) and Self-Regulatory Organization(SRO). Hsu also founded Indo-Pacific Cybersecurity Alliance under auspices of US State Department’s Global Training Framework Workshop with ICT officials from 15 countries. After leaving government, Jason is appointed to several high-profile roles of international organizations including senior advisor of Center for Strategic Cyber and International Studies (CSCIS), Secretary-General of Mt. Jade Science and Technology Association, Head of Legislative  Research of Blockchain Climate Institute (BCI), council member of IDAXA (International Digital Asset Exchange Association), member of International Standardization Organization (ISO) 3007 and advisory board member of Global Fintech Institute (GFI). Jason is a founding member of Global Blockchain Policy Council. A regular keynote speaker on blockchain and cryptocurrency regulations, Hsu has spoken at Global Blockchain Forum, BlockCity, Seamless Asia, World Economic Forum (WEF) Center for Industry 4.0, Google, G20 Summit in Osaka, Berkeley Blockchain Club and Taiwan RegTech Conference, Asia Leadership Summit, World Knowledge Forum, Harvard Law School’s Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society, Yale’s Jackson Institute of Global Affairs. Hsu’s research at The Ash Center will focus on “AI, Semiconductor, Cybersecurity and Geopolitics.”

Amritha Jayanti is the Associate Director of the Technology and Public Purpose (TAPP) Project at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Before assuming this role, she served as a Research Associate, supporting both TAPP and the Belfer Center’s Director and former U.S. Secretary of Defense, Ash Carter. Her work focuses on emerging technology, international security, and public purpose. Prior to joining the Belfer Center, Amritha was a visiting researcher at the University of Cambridge’s Centre for the Study of Existential Risk where she primarily researched the governance of artificial intelligence in Western military organizations. She has also worked at the Brookings Institution’s Center for Technology Innovation researching the application of artificial intelligence in various sectors, including defense and education. Prior to her policy-oriented focus, Amritha served as the lead product manager at Clara Labs, a San Francisco-based, Sequoia-back startup. She also served as the Executive Director of a San Francisco-based non profit, Interact, focused on supporting young technologists interested in social impact. Additionally, she founded a nonprofit, Technica, which encourages gender diversity in computer science and STEM more broadly; she remains a member of the board. Amritha received her degree from the University of Maryland, where she studied computer engineering, economics, and public policy.

The Honorable Dr. Bonnie Jenkins has served as the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security since July 22, 2021. She previously served in the Obama Administration as Special Envoy and Coordinator for Threat Reduction Programs in the Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN) from July 2009 until January 2017. Ambassador Jenkins coordinated U.S. efforts on threat reduction globally and U.S. government programs in chemical, biological, nuclear, and radiological (CBRN) security. She was the State Department lead for all four of the Nuclear Security Summits held from 2010 to 2016, as well as the U.S. Representative to the G7 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction. Before serving as Coordinator, she was a Legal Adviser to the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency where she provided advice to U.S. ambassadors and delegations negotiating arms control and nonproliferation treaties. Ambassador Jenkins also provided legal advice to treaty implementation bodies including the Chemical Weapons Convention, the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, the Open Skies Treaty, the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty, and the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC). She also dedicated significant attention to the engagement with Africa to counter CBRN threats. In partnership with the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency and U.S. Africa Command she developed the Threat Reduction in Africa program to help ensure that U.S. programs and activities in CBRN security were well coordinated and met the needs of African partners. For her service as Coordinator of Threat Reduction Programs, Ambassador Jenkins was the 2016 ISN Nominee for the Secretary’s Award for Excellence in International Security Affairs. From its inception in 2017 until April 2021, Ambassador Jenkins was the Founder, Executive Director, and Board Chair of Women of Color Advancing Peace and Security (WCAPS), a leading advocacy organization supporting women of color in the security and peace-building sector that believes global issues are best approached from a variety of perspectives. In June 2020, she also founded Organizations in Solidarity, which supports a common vision of a world where all people are treated equally, fairly, and with respect. Ambassador Jenkins was a pre-doctoral fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. During her years at the Belfer Center she worked at Harvard Law School in the Bernard Koteen Office of Public Interest Advising as an advisor to law students on legal jobs in the public sector. Ambassador Jenkins has a Ph.D. in International Relations from the University of Virginia; an LL.M. in International and Comparative Law from the Georgetown University Law Center; an M.P.A. from the State University of New York at Albany; a J.D. from Albany Law School; and a B.A. from Amherst College. She also attended The Hague Academy for International Law.  Jenkins is a retired U.S. Naval Reserve Officer and received numerous awards for her military service. She is a member of the New York State Bar.

President KIM Gheewhan was appointed to his current position on September 16, 2022. He served as Consul-General at the Consulate General of the Republic of Korea in New York from April 2015 through December 2017, and Minister of the Embassy of the Republic of Korea in the USA from August 2011. His former positions include Director-General for Multilateral Trade, Deputy Director-General for the FTA Policy Bureau, Director of the Trade Dispute Settlement Division, and Director of the Emerging Markets Division, where he was responsible for directing and coordinating Korea’s foreign trade policies and trade negotiations. He also served as Counsellor at the Embassy of the Republic of Korea in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as Counsellor of the Embassy of the Republic of Korea in the Russian Federation. In 2007, he was appointed as head of the task force for hosting the Expo 2012 Yeosu. His earlier career roles included Coordinator of ASEM Vision Group, Director of the North Korean Refugee Support Division, First Secretary of the Korean Embassy in the Sultanate of Oman, and Second Secretary to the Korean Permanent Mission to the UN Office and International Organizations in Geneva. President Kim graduated from Seoul National University with a major in law (LL.B.) in February 1981 and joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) in 1983. He also received his Master of Law degree (LL.M.) from the University of Cambridge.

Dr. KIM So Jeong is a Senior Research Fellow of the Institute for National Security Strategy (INSS). She received her degree at the Graduate School of Information Security of Korea University in 2005. She is currently an advisor in the science and technology field of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and an advisor to the Korea-U.S. Cyber Security Working Group. Before joining INSS, she worked at the National Security Research Institute (NSR) from 2004 to 2022 as team lead. At NSR in 2004, she led the cybersecurity policy team and provided recommendations on cybersecurity policy and regulatory issues. She was involved in drafting South Korea's National Cyber Security Strategy, published in April 2019. She was also involved in the 4th and 5th UN Information Security Group of Governmental Experts as an adviser, and the MERIDIAN process as an adviser and organizer. Her main research area is national cybersecurity policy related to international norm setting processes, Confidence Building Measures, Critical Information Infrastructure Protection, law and regulations, national cybersecurity capacity evaluation methodology development. Her recent paper is on evaluating cyberattack severity and proposing a national response matrix.

Professor KIM Won-soo is the former Under Secretary-General and the High Representative for Disarmament of the United Nations. As a Korean diplomat, he served as the Secretary to the ROK (Republic of Korea) President for Foreign Affairs and Trade as well as for International Security at the Blue House. He also served as the Director General for Policy Planning and Ambassador for Regional Cooperation at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He is now the Chair of the International Advisory Board of the Future Consensus Institute (Yeosijae) and the Chair Professor of the Incheon National University in Korea as well as the member of the Group of Eminent Persons for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBTO).

Professor LEE Chung Min is a senior fellow in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Prior to joining Carnegie, he taught for twenty years at the Graduate School of International Studies (GSIS) in Yonsei University in Seoul. Prof. Lee is a council member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). From 2013 to 2016, he served as ambassador for national security affairs for South Korea, and from 2010 to 2011 as ambassador for international security affairs. Prof. Lee works primarily on Asian security with a focus on Northeast Asia and the Korean Peninsula. Specifically, he closely follows defense planning, force structures, military strategies and weapons systems, domestic political trends, net assessment in conflict-prone areas, and political-military intelligence estimates in key Asian states. Prof. Lee received his BA in political science from Yonsei University in 1982 and his MALD and PhD from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in 1988. At Yonsei University, Prof. Lee served as dean of the GSIS, the Underwood International College, and the Division of International Exchange and Education. When he was in Korea, Prof. Lee served on various advisory panels including the president’s foreign policy advisory council, the national security council secretariat, the ministry of defense, and the ministry of foreign affairs. His latest book, Fault Lines in a Rising Asia, was published by Carnegie in 2016 and he is currently working on a book on North Korea’s political and military developments.

Lieutenant General (Ret.) Mary Legere works to bring Accenture’s global secure digital, mission analytics and agile development capabilities to U.S. national defense, intelligence, and cyber clients. She supports strategic IT planning for federal intelligence and defense organizations, with an emphasis on open-source intelligence; mission analytics and agile development; and digital supply chain strategy. Since joining Accenture Federal Services (AFS) in 2016, she has since focused on expanding AFS’s presence in the defense intelligence community, drawing Accenture’s leading-edge capabilities across the Innovation Architecture to assist clients on their data, cloud, AI and cyber security journeys. Formerly the U.S. Army’s senior intelligence officer, Mary brings more than 30 years of experience directing intelligence, security, and cyber organizations, including the Army’s enterprise of 58,000 intelligence professionals in 140 countries, and its 17,000-person U.S. Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM). She led the development and implementation of the Army’s multi-billion-dollar Strategic Plan, increasing intelligence, cyber and security capabilities while supporting complex multi-discipline operations across the globe. A board member for several intelligence community associations, Lieutenant General Legere is chairperson of the National Military Intelligence Foundation. She holds a bachelor’s degree in political science and mass communication from the University of New Hampshire (UNH), a master’s degree in military arts and science from the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, a master’s degree in strategy from the U.S. Army War College, and an honorary doctorate of letters from UNH.

Priscilla Moriuchi is a non-resident Fellow at Harvard’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Ms. Moriuchi is an expert on state-sponsored cyber operations and Asia Pacific regional and cyber threats, and is a widely published researcher and commentator on national and cyber security issues. Her cutting-edge research on China, Russia, and North Korea has been featured in the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal, and many others. Ms. Moriuchi was formerly the Head of Nation-state Research and the Principal Researcher at Recorded Future. Prior to joining the private sector, Ms. Moriuchi spent 12 years at the National Security Agency, most recently as the Enduring Threat Manager and top subject matter expert on East Asia and Pacific (EAP) cyber threats.

Professor NAM Ki Tae has been a professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Seoul National University since 2010. He received his B.S. and M.S. from Seoul National University, and his Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from MIT. He spent three years as a researcher at the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab in the United States. His research is focused on electrochemical systems and carbon oxide utilization. He is a member of the Young Korean Academy of Science and Technology and the Korean Academy of Engineering. He is one of the founders of Frontier Energy Solutions, and serves as a scientific advisor to LG Display, LG Electronics, and POSCO. In March 2022, he served as a member of the South Korean Presidential Transition Committee, planning the policy of the science and technology. Now he is also serving as a member of the Presidential Advisory Committee for Science and Technology.

Professor Joseph S. Nye Jr. is University Distinguished Service Professor, Emeritus and former Dean of the Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. He received his bachelor’s degree summa cum laude from Princeton University, won a Rhodes Scholarship to Oxford University, and earned a PhD in political science from Harvard. He has served as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, Chair of the National Intelligence Council, and Deputy Under Secretary of State for Security Assistance, Science and Technology. His most recent books include The Power to Lead; The Future of PowerPresidential Leadership and the Creation of the American Era; and Is the American Century Over? He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the British Academy, and the American Academy of Diplomacy. In a recent survey of international relations scholars, he was ranked as the most influential scholar on American foreign policy, and in 2011, Foreign Policy named him one of the top 100 Global Thinkers.

Alex O’Neill is Coordinator of the Korea Project and an Associate at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, where he leads the North Korea Cyber Working Group. As Coordinator, Alex helps oversee Korea Project events and initiatives, including the annual Harvard Korean Security Summit. He previously worked as Research Assistant to Prof. Matthew Bunn at the Belfer Centers Project on Managing the Atom. Alexs research focuses on North Korean financially motivated cyber operations, as well as links between North Korean and Russian-speaking criminals. His most recent research publication is “Cybercriminal Statecraft: North Korean Hackers Ties to the Global Underground.” Alex is a member of the Advisory Board of the International Refugee Assistance Project, the Visitors Committee of the American Bar Association International Law Section’s upcoming Seoul conference on “Law and Technology in a Changing World,” and the Young Professionals Briefing Series at the Council on Foreign Relations. He speaks fluent Spanish and has advanced proficiency in Russian. Alex holds an M.Sc. in Russian and East European Studies from St. Antony’s College, Oxford and a B.A. in History from Yale University.

The Honorable Dr. PARK Jin is Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea. He previously served four terms as a Member of the National Assembly (16th, 17th, 18th, 21st), including as a member of the Science, Technology, Information and Communication Committee (2002-2004), a ranking member of the National Defense Committee (2004-2006), a member of the Intelligence Oversight Committee (2004-2006), a member of the Foreign Affairs, Trade and Unification Committee (2006-2010) and a ranking member of the Knowledge Economy Committee (2010-2012). He served as the Chairman of the Foreign Affairs, Trade and National Unification Committee from 2008-2010. In that capacity, he passed the KORUS FTA, Korea-EU FTA, North Korea Human Rights Act, ODA Law and PKO Law. He was also actively involved in parliamentary diplomacy with the U.S., the U.K., China, Japan, ASEAN, Central Asia, Israel and the Middle East. He previously served as the Presidential Secretary for Press Affairs and later Political Affairs under the Kim Young-sam administration (1993-1998) before being elected parliamentary member in August 2002 in Seoul. Dr. Park previously led the Asia Future Institute (AFI), an independent policy think-tank established in 2013 and designed to conduct research on economic, political and strategic issues in Asia and promote Korea’s role in the Asia-Pacific region. He also served as the Chairman of Korea-America Association (KAA), which was created in 1963 to promote mutual understanding, friendship and cooperation between Korea and the United States. He served as a Global Fellow of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington D.C. from 2014 to 2021. Dr. Park also taught as an endowed Chair Professor at the Graduate School of International and Area Studies of Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. Previously he led the Korea-Britain Society as the Executive President (2007-2017). With great affection for the sea, he served in the Korean military as a Navy officer, Lieutenant JG (1980-1983) lecturing naval cadets in the Korean Naval Academy in Jinhae. Dr. Park graduated from the College of Law at Seoul National University (BA), Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University (MPA), New York University Law School (LLM) and received a doctorate degree (D. Phil.) in politics from St. Antony’s College, Oxford University.

Dr. John Park is Director of the Korea Project at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. He is also a Faculty Member of the Committee on Regional Studies East Asia, an Associated Faculty Member of the Korea Institute, and a Faculty Affiliate with the Project on Managing the Atom. His core research projects focus on the political economy of the Korean Peninsula, nuclear proliferation, economic statecraft, Asian trade negotiations, and North Korean cyber operations. He previously worked at Goldman Sachs and The Boston Consulting Group. Dr. Park presented a TEDxPaloAlto talk in 2019 titled “How North Korea Inc. Evades Sanctions Through Innovation.” Dr. Park’s key publications include: “Stopping North Korea, Inc.: Sanctions Effectiveness and Unintended Consequences,” (MIT Security Studies Program, 2016 – co-authored with Jim Walsh); “The Key to the North Korean Targeted Sanctions Puzzle,” The Washington Quarterly (Fall 2014); “Assessing the Role of Security Assurances in Dealing with North Korea” in Security Assurances and Nuclear Nonproliferation (Stanford University Press, 2012); “North Korea, Inc.: Gaining Insights into North Korean Regime Stability from Recent Commercial Activities” (USIP Working Paper, May 2009); and “North Korea’s Nuclear Policy Behavior: Deterrence and Leverage,” in The Long Shadow: Nuclear Weapons and Security in 21st Century Asia (Stanford University Press, 2008). Dr. Park received his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge, where he was a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Doctoral Fellow. He completed his pre-doctoral and post-doctoral training at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center.

Eric Rosenbach is Co-Director of the Belfer Center and a Lecturer in Public Policy. Rosenbach teaches graduate courses in policy development, strategy execution, and national security. He leads the Center’s Defense Project and national security fellows program. He also teaches two online courses for HarvardX on managing cyber risk and public sector strategy execution. As the Chief of Staff to the Secretary of Defense from 2015-2017, Rosenbach was one of the senior-most leaders in the Department of Defense. The Secretary charged Rosenbach with managing some of the Department’s most sensitive decisions and ensuring the implementation of transformative changes in the Department’s technology, budget, and talent management. He served as the Secretary’s closest strategic advisor on key policy initiatives, such as the war to defeat ISIS, the “rebalance” to Asia, and the effort to check Russian aggression. Rosenbach also led the Department’s efforts to improve innovation by forging and managing key initiatives such as the Defense Digital Service, the Silicon Valley-based Defense Innovation Unit, and the Defense Innovation Board. Before serving as Chief of Staff, Rosenbach was the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Security and Homeland Defense. His diverse portfolio as Assistant Secretary included cyber, countering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, space operations, antiterrorism, continuity of government, and defense support to civil authorities. Earlier, Rosenbach served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Cyber Policy and led the Department’s efforts to counter cyberattacks by Iran and North Korea on US critical infrastructure and deter Chinese theft of American firms’ intellectual property. Rosenbach also served as national security advisor for then-Senator Chuck Hagel and as a professional staff member on the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, where he led oversight of Intelligence Community counterterrorism programs. Rosenbach has significant experience in the private sector, where he led the cybersecurity practice of a global management consulting firm, advising the executives of Fortune 500 companies on strategic risk mitigation strategies. Earlier in his career, he worked as the Chief Security Officer for the then-largest European internet service provider. A former Army intelligence officer and Commander of a telecommunications intelligence unit, Rosenbach led a team that worked closely with the NSA to provide strategic intelligence in direct support of commanders in Bosnia and Kosovo. Rosenbach has authored several books, including Confronting Cyber Risk: An Embedded Endurance Strategy. The LA Times called his book Find, Fix, Finishco-authored with Aki Peritz, “an important volume in the secret history of a nasty war.” As a Fulbright fellow, he conducted research on privatization programs in Eastern Europe. He holds a Juris Doctor from Georgetown, Masters of Public Policy from the Harvard Kennedy School, and Bachelor of Arts from Davidson College.

David E. Sanger is a White House and national security correspondent and a senior writer at The New York Times, a CNN national security contributor, and an adjunct lecturer at the Harvard Kennedy School. In a four-decade long reporting career for The New York Times, he has been on three teams that have won Pulitzer Prizes, most recently in 2017 for international reporting. His newest book, The Perfect Weapon: War, Sabotage and Fear in the Cyber Age, and an Emmy-nominated HBO documentary by the same title, examine the emergence of cyberconflict and its role in changing the nature of global power. He is also the author of two Times best sellers on foreign policy and national security: The Inheritance: The World Obama Confronts and the Challenges to American Power, published in 2009, and Confront and Conceal: Obama’s Secret Wars and Surprising Use of American Power, published in 2012. He wrote many of the first articles about North Korea’s emerging nuclear weapons program. Returning to Washington, Mr. Sanger turned to a wide range of diplomatic and national security issues, from nuclear proliferation to the rise of cyberconflict among nations. In reporting for The Times and in Confront and Conceal, he revealed the story of Olympic Games, the code name for the most sophisticated cyberattack in history, the American-Israeli effort to sabotage Iran’s nuclear program with the Stuxnet worm. His journalistic pursuit of the origins of Stuxnet became the subject of the documentary “Zero Days,” which made the short list of Academy Award documentaries in 2016. Mr. Sanger was a leading member of the team that investigated the causes of the Challenger disaster in 1986, which was awarded a Pulitzer in national reporting the following year. A second Pulitzer, in 1999, was awarded to a team that investigated the struggles within the Clinton administration over controlling technology exports to China. He has also won the Weintal Prize for diplomatic reporting for his coverage of the Iraq and Korea crises, the Aldo Beckman prize for coverage of the presidency, and, in two separate years, the Merriman Smith Memorial Award, for coverage of national security issues. “Nuclear Jihad,” the documentary that Mr. Sanger reported for Discovery/Times Television, won the duPont-Columbia Award for its explanation of the workings of the A. Q. Khan nuclear proliferation network. That coverage was also a finalist for a Pulitzer. A 1982 graduate of Harvard College, Mr. Sanger was the first senior fellow in The Press and National Security at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard’s Kennedy School. With Graham T. Allison Jr., he co-teaches “Central Challenges in American National Security, Strategy and the Press” at the Kennedy School of Government.

Professor Woodward Yang is the Gordon McKay Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Harvard University in the Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Science and HBS University Fellow. Prof. Yang’s technical background includes semiconductor device physics, material science, microelectronic fabrication technology, circuit design, computer architecture, signal processing systems, and algorithms. Some of his early technical work included the development and successful commercialization of two disruptive technologies, CMOS image sensors and specialized hybrid memory components which are now found in almost every cell phone and other mobile smart devices. In addition, his other research activities involved the design and implementation of advanced DRAM components, Merged Memory Logic systems, and specialized VLSI hardware for image processing and machine learning systems including one of the first real-time face recognition systems in 1992. For his innovative and pioneering research, he received the prestigious National Science Foundation Young Investigator and Army Young Investigator awards and was selected as IEEE Distinguished Lecturer. Prof. Yang was also the founder and CEO of a DRAM design company for many years in Korea and Taiwan which designed and manufactured special purpose memory products. After working extensively with industry, founding a startup company, and running an international business, Prof. Yang was appointed the first HBS University Fellow in 2008 where he extended his research activities to include exploring and understanding the impact of technology and business-government relationships on industries and economies. In collaboration with Clayton Christensen at the Harvard Business School, they concluded that the semiconductor industry would soon stop following Moore’s Law due to economic rather than technological limits. Over the past decade, this fact is now widely accepted in the semiconductor industry. Prof. Yang has also testified as an expert technical witness in numerous U.S. patent cases related to technology including the high profile Apple Inc. vs. Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. case involving the design of smart phones and tablet computers. More recently, Dr. Yang was the founding faculty director of the Harvard Master in Design Engineering which is offered collaboratively by SEAS and the Graduate School of Design. The 2-year, post-graduate professional degree program was created to educate students on comprehensive frameworks and strategies for creating, evaluating, and harnessing innovative ideas and for solving real-world problems with highly dynamic and complex global interconnections.

Consul General YOU Kijun serves in the Korean Consulate General in Boston. His previous positions in the ROK Ministry of Foreign Affairs include: Director-General for International Legal Affairs; Deputy Director-General for International Legal Affairs; Minister-Counsellor, Korean Embassy in the Republic of Kenya; Counsellor, Korean Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York; Director, Territory and Oceans Division, Treaties Bureau. Consul General You received his B.A. in French Language and Literature at Korea University, Master of Law from Korea University, LL.M. from the University of Edinburgh, and LL.M. from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

The Honorable YUN Byung-se was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea from March 2013 until June 2017 (longest serving Foreign Minister after 1981). Before that, he also served as Deputy National Security Adviser (Senior Secretary) to the President in charge of Korea’s foreign, defense and unification policy and as Senior Coordinator at the National Security Council of the Presidential Office. As a career diplomat with 37 year-long experience, his foreign service includes postings in the U.S., the United Nations (both New York and Geneva), Singapore and Australia. At home, he was Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade during the time of Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moon, former UN Secretary-General. He graduated from Seoul National University’s College of Law and received a master’s degree from Johns Hopkins University’s Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). He was a Visiting Professor at the Graduate School of International Studies (GSIS) of Sogang University in Seoul from 2009 until early 2013. He is now a member of Korea Peace Foundation, NEAR Foundation and several global ex-leaders’ forums and projects on international peace and security, non-proliferation and geopolitical risks, including the Task Force on U.S. Allies and Nuclear Weapons Proliferation sponsored by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. He is now the Chair of the NEAR Global Survey Project. He writes a regular column for the Korea JoonAng Daily and the Korea Times and moderates the annual CSIS-JoonAang Conference and other forums frequently.