Reports & Papers

15 Items

Paper - Potomac Institute for Policy Studies

Cyber Readiness Index 2.0

    Authors:
  • Chris Demchak
  • Jason Kerben
  • Jennifer McArdle
  • Francesca Spidalieri
| November 30, 2015

"Building on CRI 1.0, Cyber Readiness Index 2.0 examines one hundred twenty-five countries that have embraced, or are starting to embrace, ICT and the Internet and then applies an objective methodology to evaluate each country's maturity and commitment to cyber security across seven essential elements."

Report

Challenges to U.S. Global Leadership

In a Harvard Kennedy School IDEASpHERE session titled "Challenges to US Global Leadership," Graham Allison, Nicholas Burns, David Gergen, David Ignatius, and Meghan O’Sullivan discussed challenges as well as opportunities facing the United States. Burns moderated the session.

Challenges include the rise of China and the future of the U.S.-China relationship, the crises taking place around the world, and the reputation of the U.S. worldwide. An unexpected opportunity is the increase in available energy sources in the United States.

Paper

What Accounts for the Success of Islamist Parties in the Arab World

Islamist organizations are generally considered to be the strongest and most credible opposition to incumbent regimes throughout the Arab world. Fear of Islamic takeovers has led regimes and other outside powers to justify not holding free elections, citing examples that include the Algerian election of 1991, the Iranian Revolution, the AKP victory in Turkey and the perceived popularity of Islamist opposition groups throughout much of the Arab world (Brumberg 2002). Yet, other analysts have questioned the actual strength of Islamist movements within the Arab world, noting that although Islamists may be the main challenger, few have actually been successful in taking power (Roy 1994).

Paper

Strategies for Acquiring Foreign Nuclear Assistance in the Middle East: Lessons from the United Arab Emirates

The path to acquiring a peaceful civilian nuclear program is fraught with challenges for countries in the Middle East. Given Israel's proactive policies in preventing the proliferation of its neighbors and nuclear supplier states' consternation about the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the region, Arab states face  a number of unique obstacles in acquiring foreign nuclear assistance. Yet as the United Arab Emirates' (UAE) recent success in courting the assistance of a number of nuclear supplier states demonstrates, these obstacles are not insurmountable. This piece explores the UAE's strategies in obtaining foreign nuclear assistance to uncover the generalizable insights that may be of use to other Middle Eastern countries seeking to develop peaceful nuclear programs.

Employees of the National Security Agency sit in the Threat Operations Center on Jan. 25, 2006, in Fort Meade, Md. The government issued an alert Nov. 30, 2006 to U.S. stock market and banking Web sites about a possible Internet attack.

AP Photo

Discussion Paper

Strategic Advantage: Why America Should Care About Cybersecurity

| October 2009

The internet is an interconnected series of networks--where it is difficult to determine where private security threats end and public ones begin.  These networks deliver power and water to our households and businesses, enable us to access our bank accounts from almost any city in the world, and transform the way our doctors provide healthcare.  For all of these reasons, we need a safe Internet with a strong network infrastructure.

A Palestinian boy, holds a placard as he protests the delaying rebuilding of the Palestinian refugee camp of Nahr el-Bared, in downtow Beirut, Lebanon, on Monday Oct. 12, 2009.

AP Photo

Discussion Paper - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Forgotten Frontlines: The Case for a New U.S. Approach Towards the Palestinian Camps of Lebanon

    Author:
  • Nadia Naviwala
| October 2009

The Palestinian camps are characteristic of the greatest foreign policy challenges that face us today. They are ungoverned spaces in Lebanon, subject to official discrimination, extremely radicalized, and tied to decades of conflict. However, the United States has almost no official policy or means of engagement with the camps. This paper argues that the United States can and should engage them by introducing USAID projects, expanding exchange and educational programs, and targeted outreach and communications. Most importantly, the United States should adopt a policy of urging the Lebanese government to improve human rights and living conditions for the Palestinians. The significance of a new approach is not only for the camps, but more broadly as we struggle to more effectively counter global instability and terrorism.

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Discussion Paper - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Global Environment and Trade Policy

| April 2009

Global environmental goals and trade goals can be reconciled.   Globalization and multilateral institutions can facilitate environmental protection rather than obstruct it, if they are harnessed in the right way.  Perhaps most urgent is that negotiators working on a sequel to the Kyoto Protocol agree on guidelines to govern precisely how individual countries can and cannot use trade measures in pursuit of carbon mitigation.

Discussion Paper - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Acting Against Atrocities: A Strategy for Supporters of the Responsibility to Protect

    Authors:
  • Claire Applegarth
  • Andrew Block
| March 2009

The advent of the Responsibility to Protect (RtoP) signals the international community’s commitment to ending genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity, and serves as a declaration that state sovereignty will no longer be a shield behind which perpetrators of mass atrocities can hide. Despite achieving consensus for RtoP’s vision among UN member states in 2005, efforts to move RtoP from words to action have stalled.