Science & Technology

1338 Items

National Science Foundation headquarters

Credit: National Science Foundation

Analysis & Opinions - Issues in Science and Technology

Fostering Innovation to Strengthen US Competitiveness Through the National Science Foundation

| May 12, 2022

In reshaping the National Science Foundation and other institutions to best support innovation, policymakers should apply evidence-based principles drawn from scholarship and previous experience, write Steven Currall and Venkatesh Narayanamurti.

In this March 17, 2014 file photo protesters rally outside the Iowa Air National Guard base, in Des Moines, against the use of drones to carry out military strikes. Diplomats in Geneva, Switzerland on Tuesday, May 13, 2014 began discussing at the United Nations whether new international laws are needed to govern the use of “killer robots” -  lethal autonomous weapons systems that could go beyond human-directed drones.

(AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall, File)

Analysis & Opinions - Daedalus

The Moral Dimension of AI-Assisted Decision-Making: Some Practical Perspectives from the Front Lines

| Spring 2022

This essay takes an engineering approach to ensuring that the deployment of artificial intelligence does not confound ethical principles, even in sensitive applications like national security. There are design techniques in all three parts of the AI architecture–algorithms, data sets, and applications–that can be used to incorporate important moral considerations. The newness and complexity of AI cannot therefore serve as an excuse for immoral outcomes of deployment by companies or governments.

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Analysis & Opinions

Will Dreams for Equality Be Deferred by Gaps in Technology?

| Feb. 28, 2022

High broadband access and adoption rates can significantly improve earnings and net worth. Yet, year after year, Black and Brown Americans are among the most disparately impacted by digital inequities, which only contribute to the structural economic disparities that have tormented them for centuries. This tribute to Black History Month explains why historic investments in digital infrastructure are insufficient without transformational broadband policies that support economic resilience in every household.

Container Ship

AP/Steve Helber

Analysis & Opinions - The Security Times

Cracking China

| February 2022

Will China succeed in what some call its grand strategy of displacing American power? Whichever scenario emerges also depends on the strategy the US chooses in response, rites Joseph Nye.

Audio - Harvard Environmental Economics Program

U.S. Regulatory and Climate Policy: A Conversation with Paul Joskow

| Feb. 08, 2022

Paul Joskow, the Elizabeth and James Killian Professor of Economics emeritus at MIT and former President and CEO of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation in New York City, shared his thoughts on U.S. regulatory economics and climate change policy in the latest episode of “Environmental Insights: Discussions on Policy and Practice from the Harvard Environmental Economics Program.”

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Lightbulb

Cole Ankney/Unsplash

Analysis & Opinions - National Academy of Engineering

Technoscientific Research: A Missing Term in R&D Discourse

| Jan. 18, 2022

Over the past decade, there have been consistent alarm signals about U.S. leadership in science and technology. Venkatesh Narayanamurti argues that the remedy is not merely additional funding for R&D, but also more effective funding in technoscientific research, a key engine of innovation.

Announcement - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center Welcomes Lori Garver and Beth Sanner as Senior Fellows

Jan. 13, 2022

Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs today announced the appointment of Lori Garver and Beth Sanner as non-resident Senior Fellows. Garver is a former Deputy Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) and current CEO of Earthrise Alliance. Sanner was Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Mission Integration and is now Professor of Practice at the University of Maryland's Applied Research Lab for Intelligence Security. They will both share their experience and expertise with students and faculty of Harvard Kennedy School and the greater Harvard community.      

Ethanol refinery with carbon capture equipment

AP Photo/Stephen Groves

Policy Brief

Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage: Technologies and Costs in the U.S. Context

| January 2022

Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) is very likely to be a key technology for achieving the Biden administration's goal of net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. But absent regulation requiring its use, CCUS needs to become more economical in order for deployment in the United States to expand significantly.

Chinese Communist Party foreign affairs chief Yang Jiechi, center, and China's State Councilor Wang Yi, second from left, speak

Pool via AP/Frederic J. Brown

Analysis & Opinions - Project Syndicate

What Really Matters in the Sino-American Competition?

| Dec. 06, 2021

Joseph Nye writes that although the United States has long commanded the technological cutting edge, China is mounting a credible challenge in key areas. But, ultimately, the balance of power will be decided not by technological development but by diplomacy and strategic choices, both at home and abroad.

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News - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Shirley Jackson Joins Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center as Senior Fellow

Dec. 01, 2021

Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs has named the Honorable Shirley Ann Jackson a non-resident Senior Fellow. Dr. Jackson, a theoretical physicist and President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has held senior leadership positions in academia, government, industry, and research. At the Belfer Center, Jackson will engage with students, faculty, and fellows at the nexus of science, public policy, and leadership.

“Shirley exemplifies the ideal of advancing science and technology for the public good,” said Belfer Center Director Ash Carter. “All of us at the Center are honored to welcome such a distinguished leader and scientist. The National Science Board was right to call her a ‘national treasure’ and we look forward to her engagement with our community.”