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A volunteer in a contemporary reconstruction of the WWI battle of Verdun.

(AP Photo/Jean-Francois Badias)

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Bad World: The Negativity Bias in International Politics

| Winter 2018/19

Negative phenomena more strongly influence leaders’ judgments and decisionmaking
than do positive phenomena. This so-called negativity bias helps explain state behavior that contributes to the security dilemma, threat inflation, and the persistence of war.