191 Items

teaser image

News - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

The Dilemma over the Nord Stream 2 Pipeline

The controversial and costly Nord Stream 2 pipeline is intended to carry natural gas from Russia to Germany. As it nears completion, European countries and the U.S. continue to disagree over the advantages and disadvantages – and possible security threats – of the pipeline.

We asked some of our transatlantic, Russia, and energy-focused experts to share their thoughts on the implications of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline for Europe's security and energy supply, transatlantic relations, and policy toward Russia, as well as what actions the U.S. and European countries should take at this point.  

teaser image

Blog Post

Will Russia Invade Ukraine (Again)?

| Apr. 14, 2021

Not a day goes by without dire warnings of an imminent Russian military invasion of Ukraine. Such warnings do not come out of the blue: A variety of sources—including government organizations, such as U.S. and Ukrainian intelligence, military and diplomatic agencies, and non-governmental organizations, such as Jane’s and Russia’s Conflict Intelligence Team—are reporting that the Russian military is amassing assets, including infantry, airborne, artillery, missile and tank units, in regions adjacent to Ukraine in numbers unseen since 2014.  While the concentration of Russian tactical battalion groups vis-à-vis Ukraine is hardly disputable, tentative results of my research into the Russian leadership’s past decisions regarding military interventions indicates that Russian President Vladimir Putin is unlikely to order these combat units to conduct an offensive against Ukraine unless Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky makes the first military move on the Donbass chessboard.

In this Nov. 24, 2020, file photo, a Long March-5 rocket carrying the Chang'e 5 lunar mission lifts off at the Wenchang Space Launch Center in Wenchang in southern China's Hainan Province.

AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein, File

News - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

How Will a China/Russia Lunar Station Impact the United States?

China and Russia recently issued a joint announcement that they planned to construct an International Lunar Research Station (ILRS) on the moon or in lunar orbit to carry out “multi-disciplinary and multi-objective scientific research activities." We asked several Harvard Kennedy School and Belfer Center experts and specialists in space for their thoughts on this proposed collaboration.  

What impact could this collaboration have on the United States, Washington's relationships with China and Russia, and on international security?

teaser image

- US-Russia Initiative to Prevent Nuclear Terrorism

The U.S.-Russia Initiative to Prevent Nuclear Terrorism Newsletter: November 2019 - November 2020

| Nov. 26, 2020


  • Elbe Group Discusses Strategic Stability, Hybrid Warfare and Terrorism.
  • Mowatt-Larssen’s Book Details Lessons He Learned While Tracking Al-Qaida’s WMD Programs.
  • Experts on New START Extension and Other Nuclear Priorities of Biden Presidency.
  • Kazakhstan’s Last HEU Eliminated.
  • William Potter Joins Russian Academy of Sciences.
  • COVID, Nuclear Security On Agenda of IAEA’s 64th General Conference.
  • Mayak Aims to Process Entire range of SNF.
  • Atomguard Reports Foiling Unauthorized Access.
  • Allison: US Vital Interest in Prevention of Nuclear Terrorism Will Continue to Guide Its North Korea Policy.
  • Learning from COVID-19 to Prepare for Nuclear Attack.
  • Hecker, Kassianova Encourage Young US and RF Professionals to Explore Lessons of Nuclear Accidents.
  • Experts Weigh in on 75th Anniversary of Hiroshima Bombing.
  • A New Look at IAEA’s Nuclear Security Recommendations.
  • Azerbaijan Has Threatened to Strike Armenia’s NPP With Missiles.
  • IAEA Notified of 189 Incidents Of Material Being Out Of Regulatory Control in 2019.
  • Russia To Retrieve More Radioactive Debris from Bottom of Ocean.
  • Researchers Propose Fast Way to Detect Weapons Grade Materials.
  • Keeping Nuclear Power Plants Out of Reach of Terrorists During the Coronavirus Pandemic.
  • Bunn, Tobey and Roth Testify on Prevention of Nuclear Theft, Call for Cooperation With Russia.
  • Budapest Memorandum Parsed.
  • IAEA Holds A Ministerial on Nuclear Security.
  • Assessing Progress on Nuclear Security.
  • 12th GUMO Officer On Trial for Embezzlement.
  • Lukashenko: Pompeo Alerted Me to Nuclear Materials at Border.
  • US and Russia Reported HEU and Plutonium to IAEA.
  • IAEA Bank Receives LEU.
  • GICNT Hosted 8 Multilateral Activities in 2019.



teaser image

Analysis & Opinions - Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique

Why Russia’s Alliance With China is Improbable, But Not Impossible

| Sep. 21, 2020

The relationship between China and Russia is getting stronger by the hour. To ascertain that this is the case, one needs to look no further than Xi Jinping’s and Vladimir Putin’s calendar of visits. The two have met about 30 times and show no sign of developing fatigue from seeing each other.

teaser image

Journal Article - Europe-Asia Studies

Measuring National Power: Is Putin’s Russia in Decline?

| May 04, 2020

Is Vladimir Putin’s Russia rising, stagnating or falling? Contradictory views on the dynamics of Russia’s national power inform policies and decisions with strong and lasting effects on international affairs and global security. The authors used three existing quantitative methods of measuring national power and introduced one experimental method to measure Russia’s national power and compare it with that of the leading Western states, BRICS members, former Soviet republics and oil-dependent economies. All methods demonstrated that Russia was rising against its Western competitors in 1999–2016 but trailed behind the United States, China and India in absolute national power value, though, whether Russia would be able to maintain that dynamic beyond that period was doubtful.

Full text of the article can be accessed at this link https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09668136.2020.1748574

A tractor works the land on a farm in front of a nuclear power plant in Doel, Belgium, Monday, March 23, 2020. (AP Photo/Virginia Mayo)

AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

Analysis & Opinions - Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

How to Keep Nuclear Power Plants Operating Safely During the Coronavirus Pandemic

As the COVID-19 pandemic devastates the world, nuclear power plants must remain safe and secure to provide electricity for food supply chains, emergency response teams, hospitals, and telecommunications in countries home to more than half of all people. Meanwhile, the Islamic State terror group has already announced its intent to exploit the pandemic, and other violent extremist organizations are also taking pains to use the crisis for their own purposes.