- Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School Belfer Center Newsletter

Hot off the Presses

Spring 2005

Globalization, Security, and the Nation State: Paradigms in Transition

Ersel Aydinli and James N. Rosenau, editors SUNY Press, April 2005

This volume studies the links among the concepts of globalization, security, and the authority of the nation state, drawing attention to why and how these three concepts are interrelated and why they should be studied together. Contributors explore the connections between security and global transformations, and the corresponding or resulting changes in state structures that emerge. Probing and extending existing paradigms, the book offers three regional cases studies: the periphery states of the Middle East and North Africa, the second world states of the Russian Federation, and the core states of the European Union. It concludes with three chapters that synthesize the above themes to identify corresponding changes in the patterns of international politics.

"These are absolutely terrific essays- extremely insightful, well informed, and extraordinarily readable. The contributors make important arguments that are provocative and worth pondering."

- Edward Rhodes, Dean of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Rutgers University

 

Environmental Protection and the Social Responsibility of Firms: Perspectives from Law, Economics, and Business

Bruce L. Hay, Robert N. Stavins, and Richard H. K.Vietor, editors

April 2005, RFF Press

Everyone agrees that firms should obey the law. But beyond what the law requires-beyond bare compliance with regulations-do firms have additional social responsibilities to commit resources voluntarily to environmental protection?

How should we think about firms sacrificing profits in the social interest? Are they permitted to do so, given their fiduciary responsibilities to their shareholders? Even if permissible, is the practice sustainable, or will the competitive marketplace render such efforts and their impacts transient at best?

Furthermore, is the practice, however well intended, an efficient use of social and economic resources? And as an empirical matter, to what extent do firms already behave this way?

Until now, public discussion has generated more heat than light on both the normative and positive questions surrounding corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the environmental realm. In Environmental Protection and the Social Responsibilityof Firms, some of the nation's leading scholars in law, economics, and business examine commonly accepted assumptions at the heart of current debates on CSR and provide a foundation for future research and policymaking.

 

Biological Weapons: From the Invention of State-Sponsored Programs to Contemporary Bioterrorism

Jeanne Guillemin

Columbia University Press, January 2005

Until the events of September 11 and the anthrax attacks of 2001, biological weapons had never been a major public concern in the United States. Today, the possibility of their use by terrorists against Western states looms large as an international security concern. In Biological Weapons, Jeanne Guillemin provides a highly accessible and compelling account of the circumstances under which scientists, soldiers,

and statesmen were able to mobilize resources for extensive biological weapons programs and also analyzes why such weapons, targeted against civilians, were never used in a major conflict.

"Guillemin, one of America's most trusted authorities on biological weapons, recounts, in chilling detail, the evolution of the threat, from the state programs of the early twentieth century, to Iraq's program, to the horrifying prospects of twenty-first century bioterrorism. . . . Biological Weapons is a balanced and wise account that will help us make better decisions about an exceedingly difficult dilemma-balancing the need to protect ourselves while not discouraging important biomedical advances."

-Jessica Stern, author of Terror in the Name of God:Why Religious Militants Kill

Forthcoming

Electing to Fight: Why Emerging Democracies Go to War

BCSIA Studies in International Security,

MIT Press

Edward D. Mansfield and Jack Snyder

Does the spread of democracy really contribute to international peace? Successive U. S. administrations have justified various policies intended to promote democracy not only by arguing that democracy is intrinsically good but by pointing to a wide range of research concluding that democracies rarely, if ever, go to war with one another. To promote democracy, the United States has provided economic assistance, political support, and technical advice to emerging democracies in Eastern and Central Europe, and it has attempted to remove undemocratic regimes through political pressure, economic sanctions, and military force. In Electing to Fight, Edward Mansfield and Jack Snyder challenge the widely accepted basis of these policies by arguing that states in the early phases of transitions to democracy are more likely than other states to become involved in war.

"American foreign policy has been based on the premise that democracy promotes peace. Electing to Fight conclusively shows, however, that democratization, when mishandled, leads to war. Its challenge to the conventional beliefs of scholars and politicians makes it one of the most important books on international affairs in recent decades."

-Samuel P. Huntington, Albert J.Weatherhead III University Professor, Harvard University

For more information on this publication: Belfer Communications Office
For Academic Citation: Hot off the Presses.” Belfer Center Newsletter (Spring 2005).