14 Items

U.S. soldiers look over the remains of a home in My Lai, South Vietnam, Jan. 8, 1970

AP Photo

Journal Article - Journal of Conflict Resolution

Restraint or Propellant? Democracy and Civilian Fatalities in Interstate Wars

| December 2007

This article investigates the effect of regime type on the number of civilian fatalities that states inflicted in interstate wars between 1900 and 2003. As opposed to several previous studies, the author finds little support for normative arguments positing that democracies kill fewer civilians in war.

Monument in Lidice, Czech Republic: Lidice village was completely destroyed on June 10, 1942 by the Nazis after the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich by Czech resistance fighters who had parachuted in from England.

AP Photo

Journal Article - Civil Wars

Draining the Sea by Filling the Graves: Investigating the Effectiveness of Indiscriminate Violence as a Counterinsurgency Strategy

| December 2007

"It is commonly believed in the literature on insurgency and counterinsurgency that to be effective in undermining civilian support for guerrillas, violence against noncombatants must be selective or risk alienating the population. Yet cases exist where governments have defeated insurgencies by wielding indiscriminate violence against noncombatants. This paper explores the conditions under which such violence can be effective through a case study of British counterinsurgency strategy in the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902)."

Journal Article - Civil Wars

Introduction: Modern Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Comparative Perspective

| December 2007

"Why do individuals and groups take up arms to wage guerrilla insurgencies? How are insurgent groups organized, and what strategies and tactics do they use? What determines how insurgent groups treat civilian populations? How can states best defeat insurgencies? Is violence—including the killing of civilians—an effective tool of counterinsurgency (COIN), or are softer 'hearts and minds' strategies more likely to yield results?"

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Desperate Times, Desperate Measures: The Causes of Civilian Victimization in War

| Spring 2006

Despite international norms and injunctions against using civilians as targets, as well as all indications that targeting civilians is rarely, if ever, effective, belligerents continue to engage in this behavior. Two variables—desperation to win and reduce casualties on one's own side, and the intention to conquer enemy territory—explain this phenomenon.