8 Items

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Q&A with Amy Austin Holmes

| Spring 2020

Amy Austin Holmes is the Kuwait Foundation Visiting Scholar with the Belfer Center’s Middle East Initiative. An Associate Professor of Sociology at the American University in Cairo, she has lived and taught in the Middle East since 2008 and is an expert on minority groups such as Kurds, Syriac-Assyrian Christians, and Nubians. She is the author of the 2019 book Coups and Revolutions: Mass Mobilization, the Egyptian Military, and the United States from Mubarak to Sisi.

In the Q&A section of this newsletter, we asked Amy Austin Holmes about her work.

A mosque stands next to a a damaged building, in Idlib, Syria.

(AP Photo/Felipe Dana)

Analysis & Opinions - Woodrow Wilson Center Press

Bridging the Euphrates? How we Respond to the Idlib Crisis Could Ease or Aggravate Tensions Between Turkey and the SDF

| Mar. 04, 2020

Given that the Turkish-backed SNA has clearly stated their intention to launch another operation against the SDF, how will the US ensure that the ammunition provided to Turkey is not used against the SDF?

Photo of Tzitzernakaberd memorial to victims of the Armenian genocide.

(AP Photo/Hakob Berberyan)

Analysis & Opinions - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Armenian Genocide Descendants Face Another Turkish Onslaught, One Century Later

| Nov. 25, 2019

One of the deadliest sites of the Armenian genocide – Ras al-Ayn – has once again fallen under Turkish control because of a ceasefire agreement negotiated by the United States. The incursion of Turkish-backed rebels in the swath of land ceded to Turkey has forced Armenian families to flee – one century after their ancestors fled those who sought to exterminate them. When Turkish President Erdogan visited the White House on Wednesday, President Trump failed to mention the ethnic cleansing campaign and assault on the descendants of Armenian genocide survivors.

In this photo taken from the Turkish side of the border between Turkey and Syria, in Ceylanpinar, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, smoke billows from a fire in Ras al-Ayn, Syria, Friday, Oct. 18, 2019.

AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis

Analysis & Opinions - The National Interest

Turkish Hostility and American Betrayal in Syria Creates New Crisis for Kurds

| Oct. 16, 2019

The American betrayal of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) bears an uncanny resemblance to what happened in Kirkuk two years ago. The geopolitical dynamics are strikingly similar: Turkish hostility to Kurdish aspirations, American intransigence and unwillingness to support the Kurdish allies they relied on to defeat the Islamic State, resulting in a win for Iran.

 In this April 4, 2018 file photo, a U.S-backed Syrian Manbij Military Council soldier passes a U.S. position near the tense front line with Turkish-backed fighters, in Manbij, north Syria.

AP Photo/Hussein Malla

Analysis & Opinions - The Washington Post

The International Community Must Stop Turkey’s Ethnic Cleansing Plans in Northern Syria

| Oct. 11, 2019

For years, Turkey’s government allowed Islamic State fighters to cross its territory into Syria. But, before Monday, there were no Islamic State fighter elements along Turkey’s border with Syria because Kurds, Arabs and Christians expelled them with help from the U.S. military. Today, these U.S. allies are running for their lives.

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Broadcast Appearance - CBS

Amy Austin Holmes on U.S. Troops Withdrawl from Northern Syria

| Oct. 09, 2019

President Trump faces bipartisan criticism for withdrawing U.S. troops from northern Syria. Mr. Trump is being criticized for abandoning Kurdish fighters who have helped fight ISIS. Amy Austin Holmes, a fellow in the Wilson Center's Middle East program, joined CBSN for more on the drawdown in Syria.

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Report - Woodrow Wilson Center Press

SDF’s Arab Majority Rank Turkey as the Biggest Threat to NE Syria: Survey Data on America’s Partner Forces

| Oct. 07, 2019

Of all the actors in the Syrian conflict, the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) are perhaps the most misunderstood party. Five years after the United States decided to partner with the SDF, gaping holes remain in our knowledge about the women and men who defeated the Islamic State (IS).