7 Items

Black Americans register to vote in the July 4 Georgia Democratic Primary in Atlanta, Ga., on May 3, 1944. Registrations are increasing in Atlanta as black schools are giving instructions to students in ballot casting procedure.

AP Photo

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

White Supremacy, Terrorism, and the Failure of Reconstruction in the United States

| Summer 2021

White Southerners opposed to Reconstruction used violence to undermine Black political power and force uncommitted white Southerners to their side. Although structural factors made it harder for the U.S. government to suppress this violence, a series of policy failures prompted Reconstruction’s failure and generations of injustice.

In this undated file photo, militants of the Islamic State group hold up their weapons and wave its flags on their vehicles in a convoy on a road leading to Iraq, in Raqqa, Syria.


Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Understanding the Islamic State—A Review Essay

| Spring 2016

Policymakers’ lack of understanding of the Islamic State has led to flawed assessments of the threat the group poses and how best to fight it. Daniel Byman reviews several recent books that offer new insights regarding the Islamic State and discusses the group’s ideology and strategy, as well as U.S. and allied counterterrorism efforts.

North Korean soldiers chant anti-U.S. slogans during a rally in Pyongyang, North Korea. Tens of thousands of North Koreans rallied in their capital to condemn the United States and South Korea on the 60th anniversary of the start of the Korean War.

AP Photo

Policy Brief - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Keeping Kim: How North Korea's Regime Stays in Power

| July 2010

"In contrast to the media, which persist in portraying Kim Jong-il as a madman or an incompetent playboy, this analysis shows him to be a shrewd, if reprehensible, leader. His meticulous use of the authoritarian toolbox reveals him to be a skilled strategic player. Kim shows every sign of being rational—and thus deterrable."

North Korean leader Kim Jong Il salutes during a celebration to mark the country's 55th birthday.

AP Photo

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Pyongyang’s Survival Strategy: Tools of Authoritarian Control in North Korea

| Summer 2010

Speculation about the future of the North Korean regime has been intense for nearly two decades, yet Kim Jong-il's hold on power appears more secure than many believe. Several theories of authoritarian control help to explain how Kim Jong-il and his family have remained in power and how this might change over time.

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Constructing a Democratic Iraq: Challenges and Opportunities

| Summer 2003

Daniel Byman tackles the increasingly salient issue of establishing democracy in Iraq following the U.S. ouster of Saddam Hussein. Byman explores some of the daunting challenges ahead, among them: creating the conditions necessary for the transition from dictatorship to democracy, addressing the deep divisions among Iraq's various ethnic and religious communities, and preventing countries such as Iran and Turkey from meddling in Iraq's internal affairs.

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Friends Like These: Counterinsurgency and the War on Terrorism

| Fall 2006

The sheer breadth of the war on terror has forced the United States to rely heavily on allies it has little control over choosing—allies that often do not have much in common with the United States and are confronting serious domestic problems. Washington should not engage in futile attempts to force such allies to reform. Instead, the United States should overcome the limitations of its allies by both gathering the crucial intelligence itself and varying its sources of intelligence.