16 Items

Journal Article - Intelligence and National Security

Reflections on Beirut Rules: the wider consequences of US foreign and security policy in Lebanon in the 1980s

| May 19, 2020

Fred Burton and Samuel M. Katz’s Beirut Rules: The Murder of a CIA Station Chief and Hezbollah’s War against America and the West is one of the most recent contributions to relations between the United States and Lebanon in the 1980s. To this end, they narrate what they view as Hezbollah’s role in planning and executing attacks against US personnel in Lebanon and around the globe, during the 1980s and afterward.

University students hold Lebanese flags as they chant slogans against the government, in Beirut, Lebanon, Tuesday, Nov. 12, 2019.

AP Photo/Bilal Hussein

Analysis & Opinions

The Lebanese Intifada: Observations and Reflections on Revolutionary Times

| Nov. 10, 2019

On Thursday 17 October 2019, thousands of exasperated Lebanese citizens took to the streets of Beirut in protest. The spark was the government’s latest plan to impose taxes on the popular and free based application, WhatsApp. Yet the protests were in fact the consequence of a series of ongoing and related crises: a fiscal crisis of insufficient revenues; a debt crisis; a foreign currency shortage crisis; a developmental crisis of stagnating growth compounded by rising unemployment and cost of living. One can certainly add to this list an infrastructural crisis—most popularized by the 2015 garbage protests, but part and parcel of people’s everyday lives as experienced in the problematic provisioning of electricity, water, and more. Such crises are largely homegrown, in that they are the result of decades-long mismanagement of public funds, rampant corruption, and political polarization. They are however exacerbated by regional and international players.

Protester chant slogans during ongoing protests against the Lebanese government, in front of the central bank, in Beirut, Lebanon, Monday, Oct. 28, 2019.

AP Photo/Bilal Hussein

Analysis & Opinions - Daily Star

Misrepresentations of the Revolution Have Begun

| Nov. 04, 2019

The events of Oct. 17 that triggered a leaderless civilian-uprising turned-revolution caught everyone by surprise. Let us establish one important fact: No one saw this coming. The government’s inability to extinguish the wildfires, an unfolding and growing economic crisis and widespread corruption set the stage for what transpired on Thursday, Oct. 17. However, it is certain that no one imagined what precipitating cause would push the people to the streets of Lebanon.

Anti-government protesters march during a protest against the central bank and the Lebanese government, in Beirut, Lebanon, Thursday, Oct. 31, 2019.

AP Photo/Hussein Malla

Analysis & Opinions - The Washington Post

Lebanon’s Government Resigned. Here Are Three Possibilities for What’s Next.

| Oct. 31, 2019

On Tuesday, 13 days into the civilian-led uprising-turned-revolution, Lebanon’s Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigned. This resignation, nine months after the government was formed, resulted primarily from the pressure in the streets throughout the country.

(AP Photo/Hussein Malla)

(AP Photo/Hussein Malla)

Analysis & Opinions - The Washington Post

Lebanon Finally Has a New Government. Here are Three Reasons for Cautious Optimism.

| Jan. 31, 2019

After a nine-month deadlock marked by political bickering, a struggling economy and massive growing public debt, Lebanon’s political elite finally agreed Thursday on the formation of a new government. The compromise among Lebanon’s sectarian political factions will certainly inject some much-needed social normalcy and stability, and the new government will historically include four women ministers, among them Raya al-Hassan, leading the influential Ministry of Interior.

Photo credit: Youmna ‘Asseily, Chehab’s daughter, from personal family albums.

Photo credit: Youmna ‘Asseily, Chehab’s daughter, from personal family albums.

Analysis & Opinions - Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

A Face in the Crowd

| Oct. 17, 2018

Jeffrey G. Karam is an assistant professor of political science and international affairs at the Lebanese American University. He is also a nonresident associate at Harvard University’s Middle East Initiative. Previously, Karam was a postdoctoral research fellow in the International Security Program at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Karam’s research and teaching spans the subfields of international relations, international security, and U.S. foreign policy. He is currently finishing his first book on the politics of U.S. intelligence and foreign policymaking in the Middle East and is the author of several articles, book chapters, and policy briefs on U.S. intelligence and foreign policy in the Middle East. In this context, Karam has recently been analyzing the private papers of Emir Farid Chehab, the former director of Lebanon’s General Security Directorate (Sûreté Générale), and has written on the topic in the media. To discuss what he found, Diwan interviewed him in early October. He can be followed on Twitter: @JGKaram.

Campaign posters for parliamentary candidates elections adorn a street in Beirut, Lebanon.

AP/Hassan Ammar

Analysis & Opinions - The Washington Post

Lebanese Citizens Vote Sunday. Here are 4 Things to Know About the First Parliamentary Elections Since 2009

| May 04, 2018

On May 6, 2018, Lebanese citizens will elect a new 128-member parliament against a background of rampant corruption, an economy on the verge of collapsing, and rising regional tension. Jeffrey G. Karam provides an analysis.

Greenpeace activists hold fishing rods from which garbage is dangling

AP/Hussein Malla

Policy Brief - Crown Center for Middle East Studies, Brandeis University

Lebanon's Civil Society as an Anchor of Stability

| April 2018

Lebanon's political system is often described as weak and perennially at risk of collapse. The sudden resignation of Prime Minister Saad Hariri in late 2017 was just one example of how regional crises threaten to destabilize Lebanon's government. In this policy brief, the author challenges this conventional wisdom and argues that the activism and organizational capacity of the Lebanese public make the country's political system more stable and resilient than is commonly assumed.