25 Items

Journal Article - European Law Journal

Open Arms Behind Barred Doors: Fear, Hypocrisy and Policy Schizophrenia in the European Migration Crisis

| May 2016

"In 2015, over one million refugees and migrants arrived in Europe, laying bare the limitations of the EU's common border control and burden-sharing systems. This article examines consequences of the EU's disjoint, schizophrenic and, at times, hypocritical responses to what has become known as the European migration crisis."

British Asians, who are among 60,000 Asians expelled from Uganda by President Idi Amin, prepare to leave Entebbe for London, Aug. 25, 1972. These expulsions coincided with Amin's demand that the UK halt a planned drawdown of military assistance to Uganda.


Analysis & Opinions - Foreign Affairs

Demographic Bombing

| December 17, 2015

"Using migration as an instrument of state-level coercion is nothing new. Since the 1951 Refugee Convention came into force, there have been at least 75 attempts by state and nonstate actors to use displaced people as means to political, military, and economic ends. Coercers' demands have ranged from the simple provision of financial aid to requests for full-scale invasion and assistance in effecting regime change."

Check-In and passport control at the Eurostar station Bruxelles-Midi/Brussel-Zuid (Belgium), June 4, 2015.

Creative Commons

Analysis & Opinions - The New York Times

Europe Must Deal With the Breeding of Terrorism Within Its Borders

| November 16, 2015

"...[T]ightening migration policies would do nothing to address the fundamental underlying causes of terrorist attacks: namely, the appeal of radicalization to a small, but committed, segment of the marginalized and disaffected already living within the European Union, many of whom are citizens. While tragically misguided, participation in such attacks can give psychologically disenfranchised individuals a sense of power and belonging. However effective and proactive law enforcement and counterterrorism units may be, until the sources of alienation and discontent are vanquished, more homegrown terrorists are likely to emerge."

Analysis & Opinions - Foreign Affairs

Nigeria's Countless Casualties

| February 9, 2015

"...[W]e should consider divorcing the significance of an issue from its reported or purported size. Instead, we could use alternative criteria to judge the merits of how to deal with conflict, such as applying collective values and societal norms. A focus on deterring mass atrocities, for instance, might be a better use of limited resources than either waiting for a death toll to escalate in order to justify intervention, or artificially inflating numbers to justify taking actions actually driven by other, more strategically-oriented rationales."

Apr. 7, 2011: residents visit their relatives' graves at a Baghdad cemetery. Iraq Body Count, a British group monitoring Iraqi civilian deaths, says between 100,293 and 109,573 Iraqi civilians and police have been killed since the war began in Mar. 2003.

AP Photo

Analysis & Opinions - REINVENTING PEACE

Dead Reckoning: Challenges in Measuring the Human Costs of Conflict

| February 10, 2012

Determining what is "old" and "new" about conflicts demands attention to how we know what we know. Despite increasing demands for conflict data, as Kelly Greenhill argues in this post, "accurately assessing the human costs of conflict can be difficult at best."

Migrants on a boat cheer as they approach the Sicilian island of Lampedusa, Italy, early on Mar. 7, 2011. Over 1,000 migrants from North Africa arrived in Italy overnight, some in rickety boats that had to be escorted ashore by the Italian coast guard.

AP Photo

Analysis & Opinions - International Herald Tribune

Using Refugees as Weapons

| April 21, 2011

"In 2006, and again in 2008, Qaddafi extracted from the E.U. additional financial aid and equipment (such as boats) that could be used for migration enforcement. In late 2010, the E.U. and Libya concluded a further £500 million accord, which succeeded in stopping, or at least demonstrably slowing, the flow of people across the Mediterranean — until the outbreak of unrest in Tunisia."

Book - Cornell University Press

Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion, and Foreign Policy

| March 2010

In Weapons of Mass Migration, Kelly M. Greenhill offers the first systematic examination of this widely deployed but largely unrecognized instrument of state influence. She shows both how often this unorthodox brand of coercion has been attempted (more than fifty times in the last half century) and how successful it has been (well over half the time). She also tackles the questions of who employs this policy tool, to what ends, and how and why it ever works. Coercers aim to affect target states' behavior by exploiting the existence of competing political interests and groups, Greenhill argues, and by manipulating the costs or risks imposed on target state populations.