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NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, United States President Joe Biden, Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelenskyy and NATO Deputy Secretary General Mircea Geoana stand during a meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Council during a NATO summit in Vilnius, Lithuania, Wednesday, July 12, 2023. 

AP Photo/Pavel Golovkin

Analysis & Opinions - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

NATO’s Concept for Deterrence and Defence of the Euro-Atlantic Area (DDA)

  • Stephen R. Covington
| Aug. 02, 2023

NATO’s Strategic Concept is supported by a new military concept – the Concept for Deterrence and Defence of the Euro-Atlantic Area (DDA).  DDA represents the return of the Alliance to an overarching force employment strategy. Its impact on Alliance armed forces and military activities is far-reaching, and this article describes the key elements of the concept in peace, crisis, and conflict and the major features of DDA implementation.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, left, listens to RUSNANO CEO Anatoly Chubais in the Novo-Ogaryovo residence, outside Moscow, Russia.

AP/Pool Photo

Analysis & Opinions - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Putin’s Pressure Campaign: An Inflection Point for Russia’s Military

| June 13, 2022

How has an historically professional Russian military responded to the pressure of a Putin regime over the past two decades? For that answer, we can look to the fates of three Russian officers and their unexpected intersection last month, on May 19th.

In this photo taken from video provided by the Russian Defense Ministry Press Service, A Russian armored vehicle drives off a railway platform after arrival in Belarus, Wednesday, Jan. 19, 2022. In a move that further beefs up forces near Ukraine, Russia has sent an unspecified number of troops from the country's far east to its ally Belarus, which shares a border with Ukraine, for major war games next month.

(Russian Defense Ministry Press Service via AP)

Analysis & Opinions - European Leadership Network

Ideas for U.S./NATO Response to Russian Security Guarantee Proposals

| Jan. 21, 2022

The U.S. and NATO diplomats and experts working on this problem are exceptionally well prepared for their duties. But sometimes, the urgency of political leaders to make decisions prevents negotiators from having the time to fully explore all ideas. In that vein, the following thoughts are provided in the hope that they will help generate additional ways to think about the security dilemma in which we all find ourselves.

Ukrainian servicemen walk to their position at the frontline with with Russia-backed separatists outside Verkhnotoretske village in Yasynuvata district of Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, Monday, Dec. 27, 2021.

AP/Andriy Andriyenko

Analysis & Opinions - The Hill

What are the best US military options for Ukraine?

| December 12, 2021

Since last April, Russia has been slowly and methodically building up military forces near Ukraine’s border. Those who recall the 1990 U.S. military buildup in advance of the January “Desert Storm” attack to free Kuwait and invade Iraq, will recognize that such a buildup is a serious threat.