4 Items

Audio - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Podcast: China's Relations with Europe and the U.S. in the Wake of Tiananmen Square

| Nov. 20, 2012

The actions of the Chinese government during the Tiananmen Square protests nearly split the Communist Party of China.

Sarotte and Sean Lynn-Jones discuss internal party reactions to the event, how it affected relations between the U.S. and China, and lessons the CCP may have learned from other Cold War-era governments.

Chinese military police march across Beijing's Tiananmen Square two days before the ten year anniversary of the June 4, 1989, massacre which ended weeks of protests by democracy campaigners in the capital.

AP Images

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

China's Fear of Contagion: Tiananmen Square and the Power of the European Example

| Fall 2012

Obsession with the democratic changes sweeping Europe in the late 1980s and a concomitant desire to keep these changes from spreading may have played a critical role in the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP’s) decision to take violent action against the Tiananmen Square protestors in 1989. New sources, released during the 2009 to 2011 anniversaries of the events that ended the Cold War, cite the CCP’s determination to prevent the spread of democracy as one of its primary motivating factors. These sources also suggest that the CCP did not fear reprisals by the United States, which it predicted would take “no real countermeasures.”

U.S. President George W. Bush answers questions at a final news conference in London for the NATO Summit, Friday, July 6, 1990. President Bush and the other 16 NATO leaders met for a two-day meeting discussing the changing nature of the NATO organization.

AP Photo

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Perpetuating U.S. Preeminence: The 1990 Deals to “Bribe the Soviets Out” and Move NATO In

| Summer 2010

Washington and Bonn pursued a shared strategy of perpetuating U.S. preeminence in European security after the end of the Cold War. As multilingual evidence shows, they did so primarily by shielding the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) from potential competitors during an era of dramatic change in Europe. In particular, the United States and West Germany made skillful use in 1990 of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's political weakness and his willingness to prioritize his country's financial woes over security concerns. Washington and Bonn decided "to bribe the Soviets out," as then Deputy National Security Adviser Robert Gates phrased it, and to move NATO eastward.