14 Items

A "triggered spark gap", or high speed electrical switch, which is used in the medical field but also forms part of a triggering system for detonating a nuclear weapon, is shown as an example of a dual-use technologies.

AP Photo

Journal Article - Journal of Peace Research

Exporting Mass Destruction? The Determinants of Dual-Use Trade

| September 2008

This study applies well-known arguments on the effect of conflict, alliances, and democracy on international trade to identify the determinants of dual-use trade. Dual-use commodities are those that can be used in weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs or in legitimate civilian applications. This article advances a theory suggesting that governments seeking to maximize the gains from dual-use trade will promote exports to countries where there are security guarantees and restrict exports to countries where security threats exist.

French President Nicolas Sarkozy, left, and Saudi Prince Salman Bin Abdelaziz al Saud, brother of King Abdullah, joke together as they hold swords, during a Saudi traditional war dance, Jan. 14, 2008 at the Royal Palace in Riyadh.

AP Photo

Analysis & Opinions - Christian Science Monitor

Oil for Nukes — Mostly a Bad Idea

| February 29, 2008

"...In 1975, France signed an agreement with Iraq authorizing the export of a research reactor and highly enriched uranium. According to French officials at the time, their aim was to obtain a permanent and secure oil supply from a country that provided 20 percent of its oil.

It worked. But it also had tremendous consequences for international and regional security."

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Journal Article - Foreign Policy Analysis

Following START: Risk Acceptance and the 1991-92 Presidential Nuclear Initiatives

| January 2008

The article explains why in September 1991, shortly after the attempted putsch against Gorbachev, George H.W. Bush launched the unilateral Presidential Nuclear Initiatives (PNIs). The PNIs were measures that led to the largest reductions in the American and Soviet/Russian nuclear arsenals to date The article argues that an explanation rooted in prospect theory and a focus on Bush as an individual decision-maker offers the most explanatory power.