6 Items

Pro-Palestinian demonstrators protest against Israeli attacks on Gaza, in Pamplona, northern Spain, Saturday, Oct. 14, 2023.

(AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos)

Analysis & Opinions - Bloomberg Opinion

Israel Must Take a Bold Step Toward Peace

| Dec. 09, 2023

Hamas’s Oct. 7 attack on Israel was intended to do more than murder Israelis. It’s now evident that the horrific acts of extreme brutality, recorded on GoPro cameras, were calculated to elicit an Israeli response in Gaza so extreme and overwhelming that it would derail the possibility of a comprehensive regional peace agreement between Israel and Saudi Arabia that would provide for a two-state solution to the Israel-Palestine struggle. Hamas knew it could not defeat Israel. Its objective was to induce Israel to defeat itself by precluding a lasting peace.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken, right, meets with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Defense Khalid bin Salman, Wednesday, Nov. 1, 2023, at the State Department in Washington.

(AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)

Analysis & Opinions - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Ad Pacem: How the Saudi Path is a Knockout Blow against Perpetual War

| Nov. 10, 2023

Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah’s speech on November 3 was a defining moment for the conflict that has engulfed the Middle East for the past month. Since October 7, when Hamas crossed the Gaza border and slaughtered Israeli civilians, to the eve of Nasrallah’s speech, the region has been haunted by the specter of uncontrolled escalation that could lead into the abyss of regional war. Whether Nasrallah chose to enter the fray would likely determine whether Israel would remain content with devastating Gaza, or whether we would see an all-out conflict pitting Iran and its proxies against the IDF and, presumably, the Americans. 

Fire and smoke rise following an Israeli airstrike, in Gaza City, Sunday, Oct. 8, 2023.

(AP Photo/Fatima Shbair)

Analysis & Opinions - The Washington Post

The Israeli-Hamas War Has Two Paths Forward

| Oct. 09, 2023

The latest Israeli-Hamas war makes abundantly clear that there can be no lasting peace in the Middle East without a regional solution to the long-running conflict between Israelis and Palestinians.

There are two paths forward. One favors deepening the conflict in pursuit of a fantasy of completely wiping Israel off the map. This path is preferred by Iran. Hamas, which unleashed unprecedented carnage against innocent civilians inside Israel this weekend, has publicly declared that the attacks were backed by Iran. Israel’s likely brutal retaliation inside Gaza will play into Iran’s hands by deepening existing enmities.

Analysis & Opinions - Hoover Institution Press

China Brokers Diplomacy Between Iran and Saudi Arabia: Implications for the US Role in the Middle East

| Mar. 23, 2023

For over a decade, American officials have been touting the wisdom of a strategic “pivot” away from the Middle East in order to face the threat of a rising China. During that same period, Beijing has identified the Middle East as a primary arena for great power competition with the United States. 

People inspect the wreckage of buildings that were damaged by Saudi-led coalition airstrikes, in Sanaa, Yemen, Tuesday, Jan. 18, 2022.

AP Photo/Hani Mohammed

Analysis & Opinions - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Significance of the Iran-Saudi Arabia Agreement Brokered by China

Belfer Center experts on the U.S.-China relationship and Middle East issues shared thoughts on the significance of the unexpected Iran-Saudi Arabia agreement brokered by China.