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In this May 2, 2016 photo, People’s Liberation Army veteran Zhao Shunli uses a rear view mirror to refine his look at his home in Luoyang in central China’s Henan province.

AP Photo/Ng Han Guan

Paper

Taking History as a Mirror

| June 2018

This report goes beyond the headlines to analyze Xi’s foreign policy discourse. It uses historical analysis of official strategies to suggest that there may be more continuity than commonly assumed between Chinese foreign policy under Xi and that under his predecessors. In particular, Xi has not changed the fundamental strategic orientation of China’s external relations in the post-Mao era: “Opening” and “Peace and Development.”