28 Items

La Djihad et La Mort, Olivier Roy, Seuil Publishers

Seuil Publishers

News

Event Podcast: Olivier Roy "Jihad and Death: The Global Appeal of the Islamic State"

    Author:
  • Olivier Roy
| February 2, 2017

Audio recording of a February 2, 2017 MEI Book Talk with Dr. Olivier Roy, Joint Chair Robert Schumann Centre for Advanced Studies, Chair in Mediterranean Studies, European University Institute on his most recent book Jihad and Death: The Global Appeal of the Islamic State.

Workers protest withheld wages in Downtown Cairo, Egypt. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy)

AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy

Journal Article - Journal of Conflict Resolution

Arab Responses to Western Hegemony: Experimental Evidence from Egypt

| July 21, 2016

Abstract

Scholars have long held that Islamism—defined as a political ideology that demands the application of Islamic holy law and the deepening of religious identity—is in part a response to Western domination of Muslim lands. Drawing on the literatures on nationalism and international relations theory, we argue that Islamism is one of a menu of options that Muslims may adopt in response to Western hegemony—a menu that includes Arab nationalism and pro-Western accommodation. We hypothesize that a Muslim’s ideological response to Western domination is a function of the type of domination experienced—that is, military, cultural, or economic—as well as of individual-level characteristics such as intensity of religious practice. We test this hypothesis with a nationally representative survey experiment conducted in Egypt. We find that, among subjects in our study, pro-Western responses to Western domination were more common than “Islamist” or “nationalist” ones and that these were particularly driven by reminders of the West’s economic ascendancy. These findings suggest that foreign domination does not always yield defensive responses and often produces desires for greater cooperation with the hegemon.

Egyptian women line up to vote in the country's constitutional referendum in Cairo, Egypt. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra)

AP Photo/Khalil Hamra

Journal Article - Comparative Political Studies

Using the Qur’ān to Empower Arab Women? Theory and Experimental Evidence From Egypt

| Mar. 30, 2016

Abstract

A growing body of scholarship on the political and economic subordination of women in the Muslim world has argued that widespread patriarchal attitudes toward women’s roles in public life can be ameliorated by offering progressive reinterpretations of Islamic scriptures. In this article, we explore this hypothesis with a large-scale survey experiment conducted among adult Egyptians in late 2013. In the study, a subset of respondents were exposed to an argument in favor of women’s political equality that was grounded in the Qur’ān, Islam’s holiest text. We found that this group was significantly more willing to express approval of female political leadership than those exposed to a non-religious argument in favor of women’s eligibility for political leadership. A further analysis of conditional treatment effects suggests that the religious justification for female political leadership was more likely to elicit agreement among less educated and less pious respondents, and when delivered by women and targeted at men. Our findings suggest that Islamic discourse, so often used to justify the political exclusion of women, can also be used to help empower them.

The Arab Spring: Pathways of Repression and Reform

Oxford University Press

Book - Oxford University Press

The Arab Spring: Pathways of Repression and Reform

| April 26, 2015

The Arab Spring: Pathways of Repression and Reform investigates the wide variance of occurrence and outcomes of Arab uprisings and the deep historical and structural roots of power imbalances within societies to ask why regime change took place in only four Arab countries and why democratic change proved so elusive in the countries that made attempts.

Young men hand out flyers in support of the Muslim Brotherhood outside a polling station in Cairo, Egypt.

Getty Images

Paper - Project on Middle East Political Science

Why Do Islamists Provide Services, and What Do Those Services Do?

| Oct. 09, 2014

"The scholarly literature has long argued that one of the reasons that parties like the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt are able to earn the loyalties of voters is through their provision of health, welfare, and educational services that the cash-strapped states of the Arab world are increasingly unable (or unwilling) to provide. However, in recent years, the provision of social services by Islamist parties has gone from being an explanation of Islamist success to something to be explained in itself."

Ousted President Mohamed Morsy.

Creative Commons

Analysis & Opinions - Foreign Policy

How Morsy Could Have Saved Himself

| July 19, 2013

"The sin of the Muslim Brotherhood was not that it failed to work with liberals, but that it failed to work with the old regime. For the almost the entirety of its time in power, the Brotherhood has demonstrated a remorseless, unyielding obsession with rooting out Mubarak's National Democratic Party from Egypt's political life."

Egyptian protesters chant slogans against Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi in Tahrir Square in Cairo, Wednesday, July 3, 2013.

(AP Photo/Manu Brabo)

Analysis & Opinions - Slate

Egypt's Reluctant Rulers

| July 4, 2013

Egypt's generals no more wanted Morsi's ouster than they wanted Mubarak's almost three years ago, writes Tarek Masoud and William J. Dobson. What they want is to continue to enjoy their perquisites—including more than $1 billion a year of military aid and some of the choicest cuts of the Egyptian economy. Their ouster of Morsi puts both of these things at risk.