58 Items

circuit board

Unsplash/Alexandre Debieve

Analysis & Opinions - Issues in Science and Technology

The CHIPS and Science Act: An Inflection Point for Technological Leadership?

| Fall 2022

The CHIPS Act may indeed be a watershed development for restoring America’s global leadership in research and development, but whether it truly marks an inflection point for American competitiveness remains to be seen. Global technological leadership is likely to be determined by much more than simply an influx of dollars.

Researcher Dr. Ramachandran Prakasam pulls stem cells out of a nitrogen tank

AP Photo/Jeff Roberson

Journal Article - Nature Reviews Physics

Three Common Misconceptions About the Nature and Nurture of Research

Venkatesh Narayanamurti and Jeffrey Y. Tsao discuss lessons learned from the success of the great 20th- century industrial research labs and warn against three common misconceptions about what drives, and how one can stimulate, scientific and technological progress. They advocate for the value of learning and surprise, and for an irreverence for boundaries of all kind — between disciplines, science and technology, and the finding of new questions and new answers.

National Science Foundation headquarters

Credit: National Science Foundation

Analysis & Opinions - Issues in Science and Technology

Fostering Innovation to Strengthen US Competitiveness Through the National Science Foundation

| May 12, 2022

In reshaping the National Science Foundation and other institutions to best support innovation, policymakers should apply evidence-based principles drawn from scholarship and previous experience, write Steven Currall and Venkatesh Narayanamurti.

Lightbulb

Cole Ankney/Unsplash

Analysis & Opinions - National Academy of Engineering

Technoscientific Research: A Missing Term in R&D Discourse

| Jan. 18, 2022

Over the past decade, there have been consistent alarm signals about U.S. leadership in science and technology. Venkatesh Narayanamurti argues that the remedy is not merely additional funding for R&D, but also more effective funding in technoscientific research, a key engine of innovation.

Book - Harvard University Press

The Genesis of Technoscientific Revolutions: Rethinking the Nature and Nurture of Research

In The Genesis of Technoscientific Revolutions, Venkatesh Narayanamurti and Jeffrey Tsao propose a new and holistic system, a rethinking of the nature and nurturing of research. They share lessons from their vast research experience in the physical sciences and engineering, as well as from perspectives drawn from the history and philosophy of science and technology, research policy and management, and the evolutionary biological, complexity, physical, and economic sciences.

Journal Article - Progress in Energy

Successful Clean Energy Technology Transitions in Emerging Economies: Learning from India, China, and Brazil

| 2020

Technological innovation and widespread deployment of clean-energy technologies in emerging economies are critical for a global clean energy transition. Success or failure in this endeavour will have long-term energy and carbon consequences. A fundamental question exists about whether, and how, emerging economies can accelerate clean-energy transitions, given the unprecedented scales of their impending socio-economic and infrastructure transitions, and often-underdeveloped technological innovation capabilities and supporting finances. 

Discussion Paper - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Linkages between the Indian Innovation System and MNE R&D Centers in India

This discussion paper explores, through an analysis of scholarly and gray literature, along with semi-structured interviews of researchers and research managers in India, the landscape and dynamics of a broad range of linkages between multinational enterprise R&D centers in India and Indian higher education and research institutes, businesses, startups, and policy makers.

The Minister of State (I/C) for Power and New and Renewable Energy, Shri Raj Kumar Singh

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (GODL-India)

Journal Article - World Development

Urban Waste to Energy Recovery Assessment Simulations for Developing Countries

In this paper, a quantitative Waste to Energy Recovery Assessment (WERA) framework is used to stochastically analyze the feasibility of waste-to-energy systems in selected cities in Asia.

Shri Piyush Goyal addressing a Press Conference

Wikimedia/Ministry of Power (GODL-India)

Journal Article - Energy Research & Social Science

Illuminating Homes with LEDs in India: Rapid Market Creation Towards Low-carbon Technology Transition in a Developing Country

| August 2020

This paper examines a recent, rapid, and ongoing transition of India's lighting market to light emitting diode (LED) technology, from a negligible market share to LEDs becoming the dominant lighting products within five years, despite the country's otherwise limited visibility in the global solid-state lighting industry.