36 Items

Photo of Chinese People's Liberation Army cadets taking part in a bayonet drills at the PLA's Armoured Forces Engineering Academy Base, in the outskirt of Beijing, China Tuesday, July 22, 2014. 

(AP Photo/Andy Wong)

Analysis & Opinions - The Wire China

Joe Dunford on the Military Dimension of the China Competition

| Apr. 11, 2021

The military dimension of the U.S.-China relationship "is only one dimension,  and by far a supporting dimension to the broader objectives that are both political and economic," General Joseph F. Dunford, Jr. (retired) said in an interview with Belfer Center Fellow Chris Li, writing for The Wire China.

A staff member works on a mobile phone production line during a media tour of a Huawei factory in Dongguan, Guangdong, Wednesday, March 6, 2019.

AP Photo/Kin Cheung


United States Entity List: Limits on American Exports

| February 2021

The Economic Diplomacy Initiative (EDI) at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs is presenting a first-of-its-kind analysis of the makeup of the Commerce Department’s Entity List, by country, by sector, and by year of addition. Starting with raw data made available by the Commerce Department, we manually grouped blacklisted sub-entities at the parent level to give a clearer view of the companies targeted by export controls. While  the Entity List does not include industry tags, we used Federal Register announcements and secondary research to manually assign industry sectors to each entity. The analysis provides a quantitative review of the evolving use of the entity list to shed light on shifting aims of US economic and national security policy.

Photo of a mask-wearing passenger departs a bus where masks are required of riders Tuesday, Nov. 17, 2020, in Bellingham, Wash. 

AP Photo Elaine Thompson

Staying Safe Today, Preparing for Tomorrow

| Fall 2020

Since March, the Belfer Center’s scholars and practitioners have been physically distanced but intellectually close. They’ve faced the pandemic head-on, launching new types of research to explore the unusual, tragic circumstances of this year. 

These new products include tips and advice regarding COVID, health, and safety from Juliette Kayyem, Faculty Director of our Homeland Security Project, and a series of reports and recommendations regarding preparing for and responding to future pandemics from the OPCAST Ad-Hoc Pandemic Response Group, led by John P. Holdren.

Photo of a visitor to a Huawei retail store stands near a Huawei smartphone displaying a variety of apps in Beijing on Tuesday, Sept. 8, 2020.

AP Photo/Ng Han Guan

U.S.-China Bipolar Rivalry in the Digital Age

Fall 2020

From trade disputes to digital governance to multilateral institutions in need of reform, the incoming Biden Administration faces a full international economics policy agenda. Rising U.S.-China tensions will exacerbate these policy challenges as the world’s two largest economies compete for economic power and global influence. This fall, the Belfer Center’s Economic Diplomacy Initiative, led by Aditi KumarNicholas Burns, and Lawrence H. Summers, hosted a series of discussions examining the U.S.-China economic relationship.  

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen speaks during a press conference at an EU summit in Brussels, Friday, Oct. 2, 2020.

John Thys, Pool via AP

Analysis & Opinions

This Week in COVID-19 and Economic Diplomacy: ‘Eurozone Fiscal Deficit Nears €1T’

| Oct. 22, 2020

In this week’s update on COVID-19 and Economic Diplomacy: Eurozone governments fiscal deficit nears €1T. The Chinese economy will be the only major economy to grow this year as the U.S. struggles to negotiate a fiscal stimulus bill.


People hold up banners in support of the hotel industry that read: "I search for work", in Pamplona, northern Spain, Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2020, while protesting with others against the new measures against the coronavirus in the Navarra province where all bar and restaurants will be closed for 15 days from midnight Wednesday. 

AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos

Analysis & Opinions

This Week in COVID-19 and Economic Diplomacy: ‘Pandemic Wreaks Lasting Damage on Living Standards’

| Oct. 16, 2020

The IMF states that austerity isn’t needed and that the pandemic will wreak lasting damage on living standards. Eight million Americans have fallen into poverty as Cares Act aid runs out. Zambia is likely to be the first African country to default due to the pandemic.

Volunteer Mary Jenkins opens pallet-loads of food to be given out at a food distribution event, Tuesday, Oct. 6, 2020, in Opa-locka, Fla. The drive-thru food distribution was hosted by Feeding South Florida. Shutdowns and restrictions have battered Florida's economy, leaving hundreds of thousands unemployed in the tourist-dependent state.

AP Photo/Wilfredo Lee

Analysis & Opinions

This Week in COVID-19 and Economic Diplomacy: ‘Pandemic’s Impact Far From Complete’

| Oct. 09, 2020

In this week’s update on COVID-19 and Economic Diplomacy: Fed Chair Jerome Powell states the need for more fiscal stimulus. Spain announces plans on how it will use the EU recovery fund. Foreign investor demand for Chinese assets raises prospects of the renminbi becoming a currency reserve.


Women walk past mannequins wearing face masks advertised for sale, at a shop in Makati city, Philippines, Tuesday, Sept. 29, 2020.

AP Photo/Aaron Favila

Analysis & Opinions

This Week in COVID-19 and Economic Diplomacy: ‘Poverty in Asia will Rise for First Time in 20 Years’

| Oct. 02, 2020

In this week’s update on COVID-19 and Economic Diplomacy: Eurozone’s economic rebound shows signs of slowing. Poverty in Asia will rise for the first time in 20 years. A Federal Reserve survey found inequality increased during 2016-2019.

Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell, left, and Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin leave after a House Financial Services Committee hearing about the government’s emergency aid to the economy in response to the coronavirus on Capitol Hill in Washington on Tuesday, Sept. 22, 2020.

Caroline Brehman/Pool via AP

Analysis & Opinions

This Week in COVID-19 and Economic Diplomacy: ‘Global Worker Income Fell By 10%’

| Sep. 25, 2020

In this week’s update on COVID-19 and Economic Diplomacy: Global worker income fell by 10% equating to a $3.5 trillion loss. Without fiscal support, the U.S. economic recovery is at risk while the ECB argues to make the recovery fund permanent. 

Servers keep digital currency transactions flowing at light-speed in Ashburn, Va., outside Washington, where Visa has built one of the world's most advanced processing networks, Wednesday, Dec. 29, 2010.

AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite

Policy Brief

Central Bank Digital Currencies: Tools for an Inclusive Future?

| September 2020

In this brief, we outline the common motivations driving central bank work on CBDCs. We then explore CBDCs’ potential impacts on financial inclusion, a primary motivation in developing and emerging markets that has also gained significant traction in developed economies during the COVID-19 related global recession. We conclude that for CBDCs to achieve its financial inclusion goals, more technical advancement in offline adaptability and policy deliberations around issues of identity and traceability are needed.