1147 Items

Residents are seen in a street of Bourouba, just outside Algiers.

(AP Photo/Christophe Ena)

Paper - Chatham House

Reforming Algeria’s social protection system

| Nov. 06, 2023

As demonstrated by the country’s constitution and its acceptance of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Algeria is committed to tackling inequality and social exclusion. However, the current social protection system – inclusive of social security, healthcare and pensions, among other aspects – is struggling under increasing financial strain. The lack of a strategic approach to social protection policies is impacting Algeria’s citizens. This paper assesses the country’s current social protection space and explores the options for improving outcomes and funding, including universal basic income, raising contributory revenues through the expansion of social security coverage, and combating illicit financial flows.

Smoke rises from town of Khan Younis after Israeli strikes on Sunday, Dec. 10, 2023.

(AP Photo/Mohammed Dahman)

Analysis & Opinions - Barron's

A Cease-Fire in Gaza Is the Only Path to Peace in the Middle East

| Nov. 03, 2023

The shocking and unprecedented attack by Hamas on southern Israel caught the technologically advanced Israeli army and security forces by surprise. Hamas’s initial assault killed more than 1,400 Israelis, and thousands of Palestinians have been killed as Israel has retaliated in Gaza. Israel has said hundreds of hostages are being held in Gaza. In addition to the fighting, Gaza’s besieged population is facing growing starvation as Israel has closed the border to virtually all supplies aside from a few humanitarian shipments. The Gazan population has been forced to evacuate toward the south of the strip under the threat of a ground invasion by the Israeli army. 

Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, attends a conference to support Jerusalem at the Arab League headquarters in Cairo, Egypt, Sunday, Feb. 12, 2023. Dozens of leaders and senior officials from Arab and Islamic countries gathered in Egypt Sunday to show support for Jerusalem amid a surge in violence in the holy city and the occupied West Bank between Israel and the Palestinians.

(AP Photo/Amr Nabil)

Analysis & Opinions - Brookings Institution

When do militaries undermine democratization?

| Nov. 03, 2023

The recent coup in Niger is but the latest reminder of the importance of militaries in processes of democratization. Historically, soldiers have been the leading cause of democratic collapse. Over 61% of the democracies that died between 1789 and 2008 did so due to a military coup. Today, coups remain a potent threat, ending democratic transitions in Egypt, Thailand, Mali, Myanmar, Guinea, Sudan, Burkina Faso, and Niger, among others.

Smoke rises from town of Khan Younis after Israeli strikes on Sunday, Dec. 10, 2023.

(AP Photo/Mohammed Dahman)

Analysis & Opinions - The National Interest

Israel-Hamas Conflict: Lessons from Afghanistan

| Nov. 01, 2023

In the present landscape of Middle Eastern geopolitics, the Israel-Hamas conflict stands as a volatile fuse. If mishandled, it threatens to spark a more expansive regional conflagration. The lessons from Afghanistan remain a stark reminder of the repercussions of post-9/11 interventions that lacked a clear endgame strategy, eventually spiraling into a conflict spanning two decades.

Black smoke rises from an Israeli airstrike on the outskirts of Yaroun, a Lebanese border village with Israel, in south Lebanon, Sunday, Dec. 10, 2023.

(AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

Analysis & Opinions - The National Interest

The Axis of Resistance Threat to Israel

| Oct. 31, 2023

Hamas’s October 7 cross-border raid landed Israel in its worst strategic surprise in half a century and ignited a crisis with the makings of a regional war. Already now, Israel and the Lebanese Hezbollah are engaged in the most serious escalation since the 2006 Lebanon War. And while both are carefully trying to keep the fighting below a certain threshold, the conflict will inevitably escalate further as Israel’s operation in Gaza proceeds. Both Israel and Hezbollah are already mobilized for war. Israel has evacuated dozens of border communities, including the city of Kiryat Shmona. Tension and uncertainty are high, as is the risk of miscalculation. 

Magazine Article - Foreign Affairs

A Plan for Peace in Gaza

| Oct. 27, 2023

For the past decade, it has been clear that the “peace process” between Israelis and Palestinians long ago devolved into little more than an extended exercise in kicking the can down the road. Still, in recent years, the absence of sustained large-scale violence produced the illusion of stability. Even those who had not been lulled into complacency were shocked, however, by the outbreak of the devastating war that has been raging since Hamas attacked southern Israel on October 7.

The past three weeks have seen a loss of life on a horrific scale. For Israel, it is the most devastating civilian toll in its 75 years of existence. And more Palestinians were killed in the first 15 days of this war than during the second intifada, which lasted for more than five years, and all the rounds of violence since then, combined. Worse, it appears likely that many more thousands of Palestinian civilians will perish if Israel pursues its declared (though unattainable) objective of eliminating Hamas. The same outcome would follow even from the less ambitious goal of eradicating Hamas’s infrastructure.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, center left, and Russian President Vladimir Putin, center right, shake hands after their talks at Russia's Black Sea resort of Sochi, Russia, Monday, Sept. 4, 2023.

(Sergei Karpukhin, Sputnik, Kremlin Pool Photo via AP)

Analysis & Opinions - The Conversation

Turkey Faces Competing Pressures from Russia and the West to end its ‘Middleman Strategy’ and Pick a Side on the War in Ukraine

| Oct. 26, 2023

From the beginning of the war in Ukraine, Turkey has performed a delicate balancing act, portraying itself as an ally to the warring sides while reaping economic and political benefits from its relationship with both. Turkey has condemned Russia’s invasion and extended diplomatic and material assistance to Ukraine’s war efforts. At the same time, the country’s leader, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, has pointedly opted not to join the Western-led sanctions against Russia or cut ties with Moscow. Erdoğan’s balancing act is meeting with growing impatience in Washington and Moscow, but this does not necessarily signal its demise.