News - Tehran Times

Heinonen: IAEA Needs Detailed Reporting to Draw ‘Broader Conclusion’

| March 15, 2016

Interview by Teheran Times

TEHRAN - Olli Heinonen is of the opinion that the first report that the UN nuclear watchdog presented about Iran’s nuclear program after the implementation of the nuclear deal (JCPOA) was expected to be more detailed in order to reach a “broader conclusion”.

The former deputy director general for safeguards at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) made the remarks in an exclusive interview with the Tehran Times.

Following is the full of the interview:

Q: Mr. Heinonen you have said that IAEA's first report on Iran after the implementation of the nuclear deal lacked relevant details. What are your reasons for such a claim? Don’t you think that you are putting the authenticity of the IAEA, under question by such statements?

A: The IAEA report states that Iran is complying with its commitments under the deal, but yet lacks relevant details to explain how the IAEA came to its conclusions. Why do such details matter? The JCPOA negotiators have repeatedly stressed that the JCPOA is based on robust verification and transparency. Thorough, transparent and informative IAEA reports are an excellent indispensable vehicle to restore the international community’s confidence on Iran’s full compliance with the NPT safeguards undertakings and the JCPOA.

Down the road, the IAEA will need to make a determination on a “broader conclusion”. With this, it signifies a host of other related issues, by which it also means a termination of ballistic missile and conventional arms related sanctions as indicated under the UN Security Council Resolution 2231, which also endorsed the JCPOA.

A broader conclusion will also change the implementation of the procurement channel where prior approval of dual-use items by Iran is not any more required. This date will also facilitate Iran’s plans to design and manufacture research reactors, produce fuel for, and start installation of more advanced centrifuges. This will mean that Iran can not only acquire those capabilities more easily, but more importantly it can grow to become a partner in providing commercial services to other countries. According to the recent IAEA Nuclear Technology Review, about half of the world’s 246 research reactors and critical facilities are more than 40 years old. When you add to this picture the newcomer states embarking on nuclear power, this will be an area where, according to Mr. Ali Akbar Salehi, Iranian companies seek to excel in the future.

For all of this to happen, which requires heavy lifting, Iran will have to build that confidence over many years and show it is implementing the JCPOA in a complete and proper manner. Such confidence building will not happen overnight, and it will have to entail thorough and complete implementation of all commitments with full reporting to show. This must be sustained over an extended period of time. To recall, the IAEA and Iran has prior laid out and started to embark in 2004-2005 a foundation for the verification of the correctness and completeness of Iran’s declarations, with detailed reporting. With the recently concluded JCPOA, a lot remains on the inspection and verification process. IAEA reporting is about putting forth a technical report to reflect the status of compliance, breaches reported, prompt remedies taken, corrective measures imposed where needed, and on-going correctness and completeness of inspections. A broader conclusion drawn requires the full support of all IAEA member states.

For more information on this publication: Belfer Communications Office
For Academic Citation: Heinonen, Olli, Heirannia, Javad. “Heinonen: IAEA Needs Detailed Reporting to Draw ‘Broader Conclusion’.” News, Tehran Times, March 15, 2016.

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