Journal Article - International Security
Why Nuclear Energy Programs Rarely Lead to Proliferation
Contrary to conventional wisdom, states with nuclear energy programs are not more likely than those without them to seek or acquire nuclear weapons, for two reasons. Nuclear energy programs attract monitoring that can detect weapons programs, and they make potential proliferators more vulnerable to nonproliferation sanctions. The United States should therefore bolster nonproliferation intelligence-gathering efforts and enhance its capacity to inflict costly sanctions on proliferators.
Nicholas L. Miller, "Why Nuclear Energy Programs Rarely Lead to Proliferation," International Security, Vol. 42, No. 2 (Fall 2017), pp. 40–77, doi:10.1162/ISEC_a_00293.
Magazine Article - Arms Control Today
Analysis & Opinions - Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
Journal Article - The Journal of Strategic Studies
In the Spotlight
Report - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School
Journal Article - Global Governance
Analysis & Opinions - Wall Street Journal Asia