Policy Briefs & Testimonies

485 Items

An Indian laborer works to construct a flyover in Jammu, India

AP Photo/Channi Anand

Policy Brief - Think20

Developing National Strategy and the Role of Sovereign Wealth Fund to Support Sustainable Infrastructure Projects

| Aug. 29, 2022

Mobilising private finance is critical for closing the global sustainable infrastructure investment gap, particularly in lower-middle income countries. Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) – large state-owned investment funds – can play a critical role in incentivising and unlocking private national as well as international finance to enable low-carbon infrastructure investment that is aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

close up of gray metal chain

Aida L/Unsplash

Policy Brief - Italian Institute for International Political Studies

Technological Innovation and the Energy Value Chains in the Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy

| July 28, 2022

Recent events have highlighted how wars, pandemics, and even supply chain issues can quickly blunt existing efforts and policies to address climate change. The solution cannot lie in globalization, argue authors De Blasio and Zheng, but instead in a long-term systemic focus on clean technology innovation. The path ahead will require a collective understanding of how developing and deploying the needed clean technology innovation will affect value chains, markets, and geopolitics.

This photo taken from night video provided by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection shows a smuggler dropping children from the top of border barrier in Santa Teresa, N.M.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection via AP

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Dismantling Migrant Smuggling Networks in the Americas

  • Guadalupe Correa-Cabrera
| June 27, 2022

This paper proposes the dismantling of migrant smuggling networks through intelligence and targeted actions as important elements both of border security and enforcement and humanitarian migration management. In addition to these policies, the U.S. government should collaborate closely with other governments to cooperatively redesign asylum systems.

Trucks drive through floodwaters at the U.S.-Canada border crossing in Sumas, Washington. 

AP Photo/Elaine Thompson

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Toward an Integrated North American Emergency Response System

| June 23, 2022

Establishing a North American approach is a key component to more comprehensive and effective emergency management structured to meet current and emerging threats. This paper briefly examines the history of emergency response coordination among the United States, Mexico, and Canada, highlighting some of the major bilateral, regional and non-governmental agreements.

A photo of a sign that reads "bitcoin ATM" on a yellow background.

AP Photo/Kin Cheung

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

North Korean Cryptocurrency Operations: An Alternative Revenue Stream

  • Heeu Millie Kim
  • June Lee
  • Rachel Paik
| May 24, 2022

Although North Korean cyber operations have been widely publicized, the purpose of this report is to focus on three ways North Korea obtains cryptocurrencies, specifically cryptomining, cryptojacking, and fraudulent initial coin offerings (ICOs).

Policy Brief

Database on U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Budgets for Energy Research, Development, & Demonstration (1978–2023R)

| Apr. 13, 2022

The attached document contains April 2022 updates to our database on U.S. government investments in energy research, development, demonstration, and deployment (ERD3) through the Department of Energy.

In this March 29, 2018, file photo the logo for Facebook appears on screens at the Nasdaq MarketSite in New York's Times Square. Facebook made $40 billion in advertising revenue last year.

(AP Photo/Richard Drew, File)

Policy Brief

Federal Data Security and Privacy Law: Finding Compromise On Federal Legislation

| Apr. 12, 2022

This explainer is part of a series considering roadblocks to a federal data security and privacy law, drawing upon research and engagement with stakeholders to identify and recommend appropriate courses of action to find compromise on federal legislation. Ongoing research also includes topics like civil rights in privacy, arbitration and covered entities and data. We offer the following initial recommendations:

A close up of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security seal on the front of a wooden podium.

Mariah Cisse/NPS

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Toward a Better Immigration System

  • Doris Meissner
  • Ruth Ellen Wasem
| Apr. 11, 2022

This paper examines questions of structure—as compared with leadership and policy—and proposes changes that would enable more effective and humane implementation of the nation’s immigration laws. It identifies four key organizational areas of concern—mission, institutional structures, funding priorities, and institutional culture—essential to the vitality and governance of the U.S. immigration system.

Swirling light trails

Federico Beccari/Unsplash

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Technological Innovation and the Future of Energy Value Chains

| Apr. 08, 2022

The transition from energy systems dominated by fossil fuels to ones based on renewable electricity and carbon-free molecules will significantly impact existing value chains and forge new pathways and transformation steps from production to consumption. This transition will bring not only substantial cost challenges but also promises to dramatically alter stakeholders’ interactions along value chains.