Policy Briefs & Testimonies

501 Items

U.S. Coast Guard Icebreaker Healy

Devin Powell/NOAA via AP

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Ocean Issues in Alaska: From Fisheries Management to Public Safety and Security

| Aug. 23, 2023

Alaska is an important region for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), given the
Department’s statutory authority and responsibilities. This reality applies with particular force to the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), with its jurisdiction over fisheries enforcement, drug interdiction, marine safety, oil spill response, search and rescue, and more. This policy brief provides an overview of the challenges facing the USCG in its domains of operation around Alaska—the Arctic Ocean, the North Pacific Ocean, the Bering Sea, the
Chukchi Sea, and the adjacent communities.

Russian icebreaker makes a path for a cargo ship

AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Arctic Shipping: Trends, Challenges and Ways Forward

| Aug. 23, 2023

The Arctic is continuing to warm three to four times faster than the global average and the sea ice extent is declining precipitously during all months of the year. Due to these trends, shipping activity in the region has expanded significantly over the past two decades. This brings new challenges to maritime safety, sensitive ecosystems, and local people.

Mendenhall Lake in Juneau, Alaska

AP Photo/Becky Bohrer

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

The Science of Rapid Climate Change in Alaska and the Arctic: Sea Ice, Land Ice, and Sea Level

| Aug. 16, 2023

This policy brief provides an overview of current scientific understandings of climate change in Alaska and the Arctic, with a focus on sea ice, land ice, and sea level change.

Flags of the 8 Arctic states and 6 Permanent Participants

Icelandic Ministry for Foreign Affairs/Gunnar Vigfússon

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Opportunities for Multilateral Cooperation on Climate Change in the Arctic

| Aug. 16, 2023

This policy brief provides an overview of the importance of and opportunities for multilateral cooperation in the Arctic on issues related to climate change.

A Ukrainian soldier prepares a drone on the frontline in the Zaporizhzhia region, Ukraine.

AP Photo/Libkos

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Advancing in Adversity: Ukraine’s Battlefield Technologies and Lessons for the U.S.

| July 31, 2023

This article outlines five innovative technology applications used by Ukraine and explores four key lessons for the United States, including the benefits of flexibility in public-private partnerships and the changing role of the civilian in 21st century warfare.

A man fishes near an oil drilling platform

AP/Eric Gay, File

Policy Brief - Harvard Initiative to Reduce Global Methane Emissions

Updating Estimates of Methane Emissions: The Case of China

    Authors:
  • Zichong Chen
  • Daniel Jacob
| May 2023

The Harvard Initiative to Reduce Global Methane Emissions released its first publication in May 2023: a research brief titled “Updating Estimates of Methane Emissions: The Case of China.” The Initiative is one of five interdisciplinary research clusters funded by the Salata Institute for Climate and Sustainability at Harvard University. The Harvard Project on Climate Agreements collaborates in the implementation of the Initiative.

Policy Brief

Decentralized Autonomous Organizations and Policy Considerations in the United States

| May 03, 2023

Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs) can be defined as global, digitally-native organizations which enable people to coordinate and govern shared resources and activities through the use of smart contracts on blockchains. This policy brief aims to serve as an accessible primer for United States policymakers to understand the unique opportunities and challenges DAOs present, and how these organizations may be addressed in the regulatory landscape of the U.S.

a "For Rent" sign is taped to a storefront window in the coal town of Welch, W.Va

AP Photo/David Goldman

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

The Persistent Consequences of the Energy Transition in Appalachia’s Coal Country

    Author:
  • Eleanor Krause
| Mar. 24, 2023

How have Appalachia’s coal-dependent communities adjusted to historical and contemporary declines in demand for coal, and how do these shocks – and their consequences for the educational composition of affected communities – influence the capacity for future generations to adapt to new challenges? In this policy brief, Eleanor Krause presents estimates of how Appalachia’s coal country has adjusted to recent declines in coal mining employment (“coal shocks”), and demonstrates how this adjustment process is, in part, dictated by the persistent consequences of historical employment shocks in Appalachia.

Sunflowers lay over an image with the Spanish message: "Peace in Ukraine" outside the Russian embassy after demonstrators protested Russia's invasion of Ukraine in Mexico City, March 24, 2022.

AP Photo/Marco Ugarte

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

The Impacts of the Russo-Ukrainian War on Latin America in the Age of Strategic Competition

| March 2023

Despite the distance between Latin America and Ukraine, the conflict has disrupted the region and exacerbated the negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 disproportionately affected Latin America’s fragile socioeconomic, fiscal, and political situation.