Reports & Papers

132 Items

Tractors on Westminster bridge

AP/Matt Dunham

Paper - Institut für Sicherheitspolitik

The Global Order After COVID-19

| 2020

Despite the far-reaching effects of the current pandemic,  the essential nature of world politics will not be transformed. The territorial state will remain the basic building-block of international affairs, nationalism will remain a powerful political force, and the major powers will continue to compete for influence in myriad ways. Global institutions, transnational networks, and assorted non-state actors will still play important roles, of course, but the present crisis will not produce a dramatic and enduring increase in global governance or significantly higher levels of international cooperation. In short, the post-COVID-19 world will be less open, less free, less prosperous, and more competitive than the world many people expected to emerge only a few years ago.


The Congressional Futures Office

  • Justin Warner
  • Grant Tudor
| May 2019

This report interrogates the widening gap between responsive lawmaking in Congress and the deepening complexity of advancements in science and technology. It finds that certain weakened capabilities have atrophied the organization’s absorptive capacity, or the ways by which it recognizes the value of, assimilates, and makes use of knowledge outside of itself. We propose the design of a new internal body—the Congressional Futures Office—as an optimal response among a set of considered options. 

Discussion Paper - Harvard Project on Climate Agreements

Policy Evolution Under the Clean Air Act

| November 2018

The U.S. Clean Air Act, passed in 1970 with strong bipartisan support, was the first environmental law to give the Federal government a serious regulatory role, established the architecture of the U.S. air pollution control system, and became a model for subsequent environmental laws in the United States and globally. We outline the Act’s key provisions, as well as the main changes Congress has made to it over time. We assess the evolution of air pollution control policy under the Clean Air Act, with particular attention to the types of policy instruments used. We provide a generic assessment of the major types of policy instruments, and we trace and assess the historical evolution of EPA’s policy instrument use, with particular focus on the increased use of market-based policy instruments, beginning in the 1970s and culminating in the 1990s.

Panel: What does Brexit mean for Europe's security architecture?

Thomas Lobenwein


Brave new world? What Trump and Brexit mean for European foreign policy

| Dec. 08, 2016

On 24 and 25 November 2016 experts from politics and academia, including FDP Executive director Cathryn Clüver, discussed the impact of Brexit on several policy areas in a series of workshops at the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin. All events took place under Chatham House rules.

Why Does Government Not Work? Winning Back the Trust

Photo by Martha Stewart


Why Does Government Not Work? Winning Back the Trust

May 16, 2014

Former Deputy Secretary of Defense Ashton B. Carter told a Harvard Kennedy School “IDEASpHERE” session May 15 that the botched rollout of struck a nerve with the American people because it fed a growing fear that the federal government is incompetent. The public, Carter said, worries that Washington can’t execute – so why should they trust the government to do big things?


Follies and Fiascoes: Why Does U.S. Foreign Policy Keep Failing?

May 16, 2014

“When you’re stronger and safer than anyone else, it’s harder to set priorities…and stick to them.”

Stephen Walt, Robert and Renee Belfer Professor of International Affairs, speaking at Harvard Kennedy School's IDEASpHERE conference, said U.S. foreign policy has become worse since the Cold War. One reason, he said, is that we are in "such good shape," but there are other reasons, too.

Discussion Paper - Harvard Project on Climate Agreements, Belfer Center

Weather, Salience of Climate Change and Congressional Voting

  • Evan Herrnstadt
  • Erich Muehlegger
| June 2013

Climate change is a complex long-run phenomenon. The speed and severity with which it is occurring is difficult to observe, complicating the formation of beliefs for individuals. The authors use Google Insights search intensity data as a proxy for the salience of climate change and examine how search patterns vary with unusual local weather. The responsiveness to weather shocks is greater in states that are more reliant on climate-sensitive industries and that elect more environmentally-favorable congressional delegations. Furthermore, they demonstrate that effects of abnormal weather extend beyond search behavior to observable action on environmental issues.