Middle East & North Africa

242 Items

A mosque stands next to a a damaged building, in Idlib, Syria.

(AP Photo/Felipe Dana)

Analysis & Opinions - Woodrow Wilson Center Press

Bridging the Euphrates? How we Respond to the Idlib Crisis Could Ease or Aggravate Tensions Between Turkey and the SDF

| Mar. 04, 2020

Given that the Turkish-backed SNA has clearly stated their intention to launch another operation against the SDF, how will the US ensure that the ammunition provided to Turkey is not used against the SDF?

Students and other demonstrators hold national flags during a protest to condemn a militia attack on Najaf protesters late on Wednesday night, in Tahrir Square, Baghdad, Iraq, Thursday, Feb. 6, 2020. Iraqi officials and activists say multiple anti-government protesters have been shot dead and dozens wounded in clashes with followers of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in the holy city of Najaf in southern Iraq.

AP Photo/Khalid Mohammed

Analysis & Opinions - PRI's The World

Analysis: Iraqi Protesters Will Likely Push Forward Despite Violence

| Feb. 07, 2020

Since last October, Iraqis have staged peaceful anti-government protests throughout Baghdad and the southern provinces. These mass protest movements have drawn attention for their unifying nationalistic rhetoric, their irreverence for traditional societal and political figures, and for their strict adherence to peaceful means in the face of increasing brutality by the government’s forces and paramilitary groups.

Analysis & Opinions

Why Trump’s ‘Peace Plan’ Generated Arab Popular Rejection and Official Incoherence

| Feb. 03, 2020

BEIRUT — Since President Donald Trump revealed his plan for Israeli-Palestinian peace last Tuesday, Arab states individually and collectively, in their actions and statements, have offered a dizzying array of reactions. These range from approval and mild acquiescence to soft support and absolute rejection. 

The combinations of contradictory actions and statements have been more striking than usual, due to the convoluted political positions most Arab leaders found themselves in. Three Arab ambassadors attended the Washington, D.C. unveiling event that seemed like a post-victory locker room celebration by right-wing Israelis and their fanatic American supporters. A few Arab states issued statements appreciating Trump’s efforts and urging a peace agreement to be forged through direct Israeli-Palestinian negotiations (rather than through this plan’s narrow extremist American-Israeli lineage). And on Saturday night the Arab League summit of foreign ministers issued a collective and “complete” rejection of the plan, noting it would not lead to a just peace because “it does not meet the minimum rights and aspirations of the Palestinian people.”

In this photo taken from the Turkish side of the border between Turkey and Syria, in Ceylanpinar, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, smoke billows from a fire in Ras al-Ayn, Syria, Friday, Oct. 18, 2019.

AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis

Analysis & Opinions - The National Interest

Turkish Hostility and American Betrayal in Syria Creates New Crisis for Kurds

| Oct. 16, 2019

The American betrayal of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) bears an uncanny resemblance to what happened in Kirkuk two years ago. The geopolitical dynamics are strikingly similar: Turkish hostility to Kurdish aspirations, American intransigence and unwillingness to support the Kurdish allies they relied on to defeat the Islamic State, resulting in a win for Iran.

 In this April 4, 2018 file photo, a U.S-backed Syrian Manbij Military Council soldier passes a U.S. position near the tense front line with Turkish-backed fighters, in Manbij, north Syria.

AP Photo/Hussein Malla

Analysis & Opinions - The Washington Post

The International Community Must Stop Turkey’s Ethnic Cleansing Plans in Northern Syria

| Oct. 11, 2019

For years, Turkey’s government allowed Islamic State fighters to cross its territory into Syria. But, before Monday, there were no Islamic State fighter elements along Turkey’s border with Syria because Kurds, Arabs and Christians expelled them with help from the U.S. military. Today, these U.S. allies are running for their lives.

(AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)

(AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)

Analysis & Opinions

The dangerous new landscape of Arab-Israeli warfare

| Aug. 26, 2019

Four successive Israeli aerial attacks in recent days against Arab targets in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon suggest that we have entered an unprecedented new phase of the century-old conflict between Arabism and Zionism that now engulfs half a dozen actors, including non-Arab Iran.This new phase comprises both short-term possibilities and more complex longer-term questions.