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In this June 24, 2020 file photo, soldiers from China's People's Liberation Army march toward Red Square during the Victory Day military parade marking the 75th anniversary of the Nazi defeat in Red Square in Moscow, Russia. Chinese and Russian forces will take part in joint military exercises in southern Russia later in September.

(AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File).

Paper - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

How the U.S. Can Assist NATO and its European Alliance Members in Addressing the China Security Challenge

| June 2022

Based upon NATO’s new focus and the pending release of the NATO 2030 Strategic Concept, this paper specifically examines the security challenges that China poses to NATO and its alliance members.  It also highlights China’s opposition to democratic principles and its efforts to disrupt the rules-based international order. Finally, the paper identifies possible actions the U.S. can take to help NATO and its alliance members address the China challenge to preserve NATO’s fundamental values of individual liberty, democracy, human rights and the rule of law.

Afghan security personnel inspect a damaged building

AP Photo/Rahmat Gul, File

Analysis & Opinions - World Politics Review

Using Afghanistan's Frozen Funds to Pay 9/11 Families Could Backfire

| June 17, 2022

Charli Carpenter comments on  U.S. President Joe Biden's executive order, issued in February 2022, releasing $7 billion in frozen, U.S.-held Afghan central bank reserves. It has been proposed to use half of the funds to pay reparations to the families of 9/11 victims.

Audio - Harvard Environmental Economics Program

The Winners and Losers of the Clean Energy Transition: A Conversation with Lori Bennear

| June 08, 2022

There will be bumps on the road as America transitions to a clean power system. That’s the assessment offered by Lori Bennear, the Juli Plant Grainger Associate Professor of Energy Economics and Policy at the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University, in the latest episode of “Environmental Insights: Discussions on Policy and Practice from the Harvard Environmental Economics Program,” a podcast produced by the Harvard Environmental Economics Program.

Hijacked airliner headed toward World Trade Towers on September 11, 2001

REUTERS/Sean Adair

Report - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Countering Terrorism With "Blue Sky" Thinking

| May 19, 2022

In the past, strategic surprise has often stemmed from a failure of imagination. Most intelligence failures are rooted in a lack of foresight or early warning of impending events. Blue sky thinking seeks to prevent these surprises by devoting more attention not just to known risks and likely scenarios, but also to low probability, high impact events. In an unprecedented step in forging ongoing global collaboration, 129 global experts gathered in Amman, Jordan, in December 2021. The conference was held under the auspices of Jordan’s Aqaba Process and facilitated by representatives from the Harvard Kennedy School Belfer Center’s Intelligence Project. Attendees included intelligence officers, diplomats, military officers, private sector practitioners, and academics representing 29 countries, 5 continents, and 68 government and private sector organizations. Through presentations and discussion under Chatham House Rules, the conference facilitated an open exchange of ideas on the possible next big threats from terrorism and on strategies for moving forward.

People pray outside the scene of the shooting at a supermarket

AP/Matt Rourke

Analysis & Opinions - The Atlantic

A 'Lone-Wolf' Shooter Has an Online Pack

| May 15, 2022

Juliette Kayyem argues that language alone cannot change the violent extremism that is a part of American society today, which President Joe Biden called out last night as "hate-fueled domestic terrorism" that leads to such tragedy. Social-media platforms should be held accountable and gun laws should be more restrictive, but the wrong language has a tendency to excuse the herd.