Conflict & Conflict Resolution

650 Items

Qumya, Mandate Palestine, 1948.

Wikimedia Commons

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Social Cohesion and Community Displacement in Armed Conflict

Winter 2022/23

Mass killing such as cleansing and genocide is a common occurrence in war. Communities face the terrible choice of leaving their homes ahead of military action, or staying. Analysis of the previously restricted “Village Files,” a Zionist survey of Arab Palestinian communities conducted in the 1940s, finds that the key indicator of whether a community flees imminent violence is social cohesion.

Ugandan Asians have their papers examined by ship's officer of the SS Haryana before they boarded the ship

AP Photo

Newspaper Article - Harvard Crimson

Kennedy School Postdoc Discusses Government-Sanctioned Mass Expulsion at Belfer Center Seminar

    Authors:
  • Cam E. Kettles
  • Jasmine Palma
  • Rysa Tahilramani
| Nov. 04, 2022

Meghan M. Garrity, an International Security Program postdoctoral fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center discussed her research on government-sanctioned mass expulsion events at a virtual seminar on November 3, 2022.

Greek and Armenian refugee children near Athens, Greece, in 1923

Wilimedia/Public Domain

Journal Article - Journal of Peace Research

Introducing the Government-Sponsored Mass Expulsion Dataset

| September 2022

This article introduces the Government-Sponsored Mass Expulsion (GSME) dataset documenting cross-border mass expulsion episodes around the world from 1900 to 2020. This new dataset focuses on mass expulsion policies in which governments systematically remove ethnic, racial, religious or national groups, en masse. The GSME dataset disaggregates mass expulsion from other exclusionary politics concepts to isolate policies of intentional group-based population removal. This allows for a systematic examination of governmental expulsion policies, distinct from policies aimed at annihilation (genocide), control (massacre) or cultural elimination (coercive assimilation).

Iranians protests the death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini

AP/Middle East Images, File

Journal Article - Foreign Affairs

Iran's Women on the Frontlines

| Oct. 31, 2022

The authors write that this is a moment of great hope for Iran but also great worry. Although the extensive frontline participation of women in protest movements often makes them more effective, it also raises the stakes dramatically. Defeat of today's protesters could be followed by an even deeper patriarchal backlash. 

Women parade in blankets to simulate the “on-the-blanket” prisoners held in H-Blocks at the Maze Prison in Belfast, Northern Ireland in April 1981.

AP Photo

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Noncombat Participation in Rebellion: A Gendered Typology

    Author:
  • Meredith Loken
| Summer 2022

A new conceptual typology of participation in rebellion identifies four dimensions along which individuals are involved in noncombat labor: logistics, outreach, governance, and community management. These duties are gendered in ways that often make women’s experiences and opportunities uniquely advantageous for rebel organizations.

Uganda Asians are seen outside the offices of the British High Commission in Kampala

AP Photo)

Analysis & Opinions - The Washington Post

50 Years Ago, Uganda Ordered Its Entire Asian Population to Leave

| Aug. 05, 2022

According to the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, at the end of 2021 nearly 90 million people were forcibly displaced worldwide. What makes Uganda's expulsion of 50,000 Asians distinct? Unlike most displaced people, the Asians expelled from Uganda weren't fleeing conflict or natural disasters. Instead, the forced displacement that year is what political scientists call a mass expulsion. That's when a government implements an ethnically targeted policy to remove a group of people, en masse, without individual legal evaluations and refuses to allow them to return.

Marzuki Darusman, Chairperson, Independent International Fact-finding Mission on Myanmar briefs the press

Flickr CC/Violaine Martin

Analysis & Opinions - World Politics Review

How to Help Myanmar Before It’s Too Late

| Oct. 01, 2021

 As the junta continues to target the population with violence, including torture and sexual assault, Myanmar's opposition movement has also begun to question the effectiveness of its largely peaceful protests, especially in the absence of international support for the pro-democracy struggle. Charli Carpenter writes that this is precisely the type of situation where the United Nations can be the most effective if it were to act early, but it is also where it is the least likely to do so.

Afghan men pray near the graves of their relatives

AP/Rahmat Gul

Analysis & Opinions - The National Interest

More Upheaval Is Coming to Afghanistan

| Aug. 20, 2021

To prevent Afghanistan from falling into endless civil wars and put an end to the long-lasting suffering of Afghan people, it is imperative for regional and global actors to pressure the Taliban toward compromise and put all its efforts into finding a durable solution to the country's political crisis.