Environment & Climate Change

109 Items

juvenile Arctic cod

Shawn Harper, University of Alaska Fairbanks

Journal Article - Polar Record

The Central Arctic Ocean Fisheries Moratorium: A Rare Example of the Precautionary Principle in Fisheries Management

| Jan. 16, 2023

This paper explores the unique conditions that made the Agreement to Prevent Unregulated High Seas Fisheries in the Central Arctic Ocean possible and examines how success was achieved by the interrelationships of science, policy, legal structures, politics, stakeholder collaboration, and diplomacy.

flags of the Arctic Council

Flickr/Darthmouth Dickey

Analysis & Opinions - Arctic Circle

The Arctic Council as a Model for Regional Collaboration

| Dec. 28, 2022

In every region on Earth, climate change is threatening societies and ecosystems with a variety of extreme conditions, while resources to address these threats remain scarce. These conditions demand a greater reliance on international cooperation, science diplomacy, and a collaborative approach to regional priorities. A region such as the “Third Pole” would do well to examine how the Arctic Council structure for international cooperation has helped the Arctic as a whole address pressing issues, and how something similar might allow other regions to improve their understanding of environmental changes, prepare for likely social impacts, and build resilience for the future.

student participants and judges on stage at the 2022 Arctic Innovation Lab

Jennifer Spence

Climate Innovation on Display at the 2022 Arctic Circle Assembly

In October, members of the Belfer Center’s Arctic Initiative joined more than 2,000 Arctic policymakers, scholars, business leaders, and residents in Reykjavík, Iceland, for the Arctic Circle Assembly—the world’s largest annual gathering on Arctic issues. The Arctic Initiative delegation of students presented innovative ideas for Arctic resilience. 

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News - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

John Holdren Named to National Academies’ Polar Research Board

| Dec. 06, 2022

John P. Holdren, Co-Director of the Belfer Center’s Arctic Initiative and former Science Advisor to President Obama, has been appointed to the National Academies’ Polar Research Board (PRB). The PRB, composed of 19 independent senior experts across a wide range of scientific disciplines, exists to promote excellence in polar science and to provide independent scientific guidance to U.S. federal agencies and the nation on science issues in the Arctic, the Antarctic, and cold regions in general. 


Fran Ulmer Discusses Challenges and Opportunities of the High North in November Podcast

| Nov. 28, 2022

The Office of U.S. Senator Angus King (I-Maine) today released the November episode of the Senator’s “Inside Maine” podcast, in which he and his guests discuss the opportunities and challenges of a warming Arctic. King, Co-Chair of the Senate Arctic Caucus, was joined by Fran Ulmer, Arctic Initiative Senior Fellow and former Alaska Lieutenant Governor, and President of the Maine International Trade Center, Wade Merritt. Together, the Senator and his guests laid out the local and global implications of the shifting region, including the changing environment, better shipping routes and trade opportunities, and expanded competition with Russia and China.

Book - University of Calgary Press

Polar Cousins: Comparing Antarctic and Arctic Geostrategic Futures

| December 2022

Geopolitics and climate change now have immediate consequences for national and international security interests across the Arctic and Antarctic. With chapters that raise awareness, address challenges, and inform policy options, Polar Cousins reviews the state of strategic thinking and options on Antarctica and the Southern Oceans in light of experience in the circumpolar North.

two reindeer graze on the tundra in Inari, Finland

Unsplash/Tania Malrechauffe

Policy Brief - The Gordon Foundation

Arctic Policy Hackathon: Policy Recommendations for Food Sovereignty in the Arctic

| October 2022

Arctic Initiative Senior Fellow Jennifer Spence facilitated the first Arctic Policy Hackathon in Reykjavik, Iceland - a joint initiative of the Gordon Foundation, the Canadian International Arctic Centre, and the Arctic Mayors’ Forum. The final policy recommendations shift the power to Arctic communities to dictate their own well-being through food sovereignty and should be a priority in Arctic policy discussions.

The Finnish icebreaker MSV Nordica sails past the American island of Little Diomede, Alaska

AP Photo/David Goldman, File

Journal Article - Marine Policy

Shipping Governance in the Bering Strait Region: Protecting the Diomede Islands and Adjacent Waters

| Sep. 28, 2022

This article analyzes potential courses of action that Russia and the United States could pursue, jointly or separately, to protect the Bering Strait Region from the adverse effects of growing shipping.

slumping due to permafrost thaw on Herschel Island

Boris Radosavljevic/Flickr

Journal Article - Environmental Research Letters

Incorporating Permafrost into Climate Mitigation and Adaptation Policy

  • Susan M. Natali
  • Robin Bronen
  • Patricia Cochran
  • Brendan M. Rogers
  • Rachael Treharne
| Sep. 07, 2022

Permafrost thaw has significant implications for adaptation and mitigation policy worldwide. However, it remains almost entirely excluded from policy dialogues at the regional, national, and international levels. This paper discusses current gaps and recommendations for increasing the integration of permafrost science into policy, focusing on three core components: reducing scientific uncertainty; targeting scientific outputs to address climate policy needs; and co-developing just and equitable climate adaptation plans to respond to the hazards of permafrost thaw.

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Presentation - The Science Diplomacy Center

Enhancing International Scientific Cooperation: Arctic Science and Technology Advice with Ministries

| July 31, 2022

From February to March 2022, Arctic Initiative Senior Fellow Fran Ulmer and Research Fellow Nadezhda Filimonova, alongside leaders of international Arctic research organizations and Arctic Indigenous peoples’ organizations, contributed to a three-part webinar series on international scientific cooperation in the Arctic. Insights from the webinar series were distilled into a Science Diplomacy Action report entitled "Enhancing International Scientific Cooperation: Arctic Science and Technology Advice with Ministries," which was published by the Science Diplomacy Center.