International Relations

564 Items

The ghost town of Kayaköy (Livisi) in southwestern Anatolia

Wikimedia CC/William Neuheisel

Analysis & Opinions - Political Violence @ a Glance

Why Do Mass Expulsions Still Happen?

| Jan. 30, 2023

Meghan Garrity details the history of mass expulsions since the centennial of the signing of the Lausanne Convention—a treaty codifying the compulsory “population exchange” between Greece and Turkey. An estimated 1.5 million people were forcibly expelled from their homes: over one million Greek Orthodox Christians from the Ottoman Empire and 500,000 Muslims from Greece.

Audio - Harvard Environmental Economics Program

COP-27 and the Future of Climate Policy: A Conversation with Dan Bodansky

| Jan. 09, 2023

While the Paris Agreement provides the framework for the nations of the world to slow the growth of CO2 emissions, additional policy and technological tools will have to be deployed to meet the challenge of climate change. That’s the perspective expressed by Daniel Bodansky, the Regents’ Professor of Law at the Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law at Arizona State University, during the latest episode of “Environmental Insights: Discussions on Policy and Practice from the Harvard Environmental Economics Program,” a podcast produced by the Harvard Environmental Economics Program.

Robert Stavins

Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff Photographer

Newspaper Article - Harvard Gazette

Glimmers of Movement, Hope at COP27

  • Alvin Powell
| Nov. 23, 2022

Following the COP27 climate conference in Egypt, Robert Stavins said in an interview with the Harvard Gazette that the talks were both frustrating and hopeful: frustrating because they did little to accelerate the slow pace of action to reduce carbon emissions, and hopeful because of a reawakened dialogue between the world’s biggest emitters—the U.S. and China—and movement to address climate-related damage to the world’s most vulnerable nations.

Ugandan Asians have their papers examined by ship's officer of the SS Haryana before they boarded the ship

AP Photo

Newspaper Article - Harvard Crimson

Kennedy School Postdoc Discusses Government-Sanctioned Mass Expulsion at Belfer Center Seminar

  • Cam E. Kettles
  • Jasmine Palma
  • Rysa Tahilramani
| Nov. 04, 2022

Meghan M. Garrity, an International Security Program postdoctoral fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center discussed her research on government-sanctioned mass expulsion events at a virtual seminar on November 3, 2022.

Afghan security personnel inspect a damaged building

AP Photo/Rahmat Gul, File

Analysis & Opinions - World Politics Review

Using Afghanistan's Frozen Funds to Pay 9/11 Families Could Backfire

| June 17, 2022

Charli Carpenter comments on  U.S. President Joe Biden's executive order, issued in February 2022, releasing $7 billion in frozen, U.S.-held Afghan central bank reserves. It has been proposed to use half of the funds to pay reparations to the families of 9/11 victims.

Exterior view of the International Criminal Court

AP/Peter Dejong, File

Analysis & Opinions - World Politics Review

In Ukraine, Justice Is Possible for Wartime Rape Victims. But It Won't Be Easy

| May 06, 2022

Charli Carpenter elaborates on three important reasons to believe that the systemic mass rape allegations in Ukraine are highly likely to be evaluated by U.N. war crimes investigators and prosecuted in war crimes courts.

Wind Turbines and sailboats

Wikimedia CC/

News - Harvard Project on Climate Agreements

Danish Climate Minister Lauds European Countries Vowing to Reduce their Dependency on Russian Gas During HPCA Virtual Forum

  • Doug Gavel
| Apr. 11, 2022

The Danish Minister of Climate, Energy, and Utilities expressed his hope that the tragic war in Ukraine will help accelerate the clean energy transformation by weaning Europe off Russian gas during a Virtual Forum (view recording here) last Friday (April 8). The event was hosted by the Harvard Project on Climate Agreements (HPCA) and moderated by Robert Stavins, HPCA Director and A.J. Meyer Professor of Energy and Economic Development. 

An aerial view of refugees queuing for transport


Analysis & Opinions - World Politics Review

At the Ukraine Border, Volunteers Struggle to Make Up for Absent NGOs

| Mar. 18, 2022

Since the Russian invasion of Ukraine, war refugees have been flooding across the country's western border into Poland, greeted by local Poles, international volunteers, and a few small NGOs operating in the country. How is this effort going three weeks into Europe's biggest refugee crisis since World War II? In Poland, Charli Carpenter asked these questions of journalists, aid workers, and Polish citizens.

United Nations Secretariat Building, with Members States' flags flying in the foreground

Flickr CC/Rick Bajornas

Analysis & Opinions - The Cipher Brief

Soviet Espionage Under the Cover of Diplomacy

| Mar. 16, 2022

Immediately after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine last month, the U.S. government expelled 13 Russian diplomats working at the United Nations (UN). It did so on the grounds they were Russian intelligence officers or operatives working under diplomatic cover. We do not know details about their alleged activities, but we do know something for certain: the Kremlin has a long history of using the UN for espionage.

Ukrainian servicemen and firefighters stand in the area outside of a maternity hospital damaged in a shelling attack

AP/Evgeniy Maloletka

Video - Harvard Kennedy School

Hard Power Still Matters

| Mar. 10, 2022

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has upended many assumptions about the post–Cold War period in Europe; that another major war was not possible, that some combination of the European Union, NATO enlargement, and economic interdependence would usher in an era of enduring peace. HKS Professor Stephen Walt recently gave his thoughts on the crisis and the role the international community played leading up to it.