Science & Technology

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Analysis & Opinions

Science Versus Donald Trump

| Feb. 20, 2017

At the AAAS Science Conference, US researchers are wondering how policy under US President Donald Trump will affect their research - both in content and financial terms. US President Donald Trump wants to invest in military and infrastructure, he wants to build a wall to Mexico. All this costs money and US scientists fear that this money could be taken out of funds currently designated for research and development. Adding to their concern is the appointment of Scott Pruitt, former Oklahoma Attorney General, as head of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), an organization he has consistently criticized in the past. We spoke about the situation with Cathryn Clüver, a political scientist at Harvard University. 

Journal Article - Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability

Sociotechnical Systems and Sustainability: Current and Future Perspectives for Inclusive Development

| February 2017

Sociotechnical systems — for example, telecommunication networks, electric grids, large-scale manufacturing systems — are interacting ensembles of engineered artifacts embedded in society, linked with economies, and connected with ecology. Such systems have been analyzed through the lenses of sustainability (largely along the dimensions of environmental protection and affordability), carrying influence in the literatures of technology innovation, product design, infrastructure planning, and service delivery. Sustainability concerns along the environmental and financial dimensions have motivated focus on waste and emissions reduction, new technology development, and greening of industrial ecosystems. The concept of inclusive development, however, has not yet permeated the research or conceptualization of sociotechnical systems.

Analysis & Opinions - The Conversation

Should Cybersecurity Be A Human Right?

| Feb. 13, 2017

As people use online services more in their daily lives, their expectations of digital privacy and freedom of expression will lead them to demand better protections... Now is the time for businesses, governments and individuals to prepare for this development by incorporating cybersecurity as a fundamental ethical consideration in telecommunications, data storage, corporate social responsibility and enterprise risk management.

News - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Homeland Security Project at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center Taps Top Security Experts as Inaugural Fellows

Feb. 07, 2017

The Homeland Security Project, a new initiative of Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs headed by Juliette Kayyem, has announced the appointment of the Project’s three inaugural fellows, all of whom held top positions in the Obama and previous administrations.

Book - Oxford University Press

The Cybersecurity Dilemma: Hacking, Trust and Fear Between Nations

| February 2017

In this book, Cyber Security Project Fellow Dr. Ben Buchanan shows not only that the security dilemma applies to cyber operations, but also that the particular characteristics of the digital domain mean that the effects are deeply pronounced. The cybersecurity dilemma is both a vital concern of modern statecraft and a means of accessibly understanding the essential components of cyber operations.

What Is the Cyber Offense-Defense Balance? Conceptions, Causes, and Assessment

AP

Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

What Is the Cyber Offense-Defense Balance? Conceptions, Causes, and Assessment

    Author:
  • Rebecca Slayton
| Winter 2016/17

Does cyberspace favor the offense, as many analysts and policymakers claim? Three factors undermine any cyber offensive advantage, as demonstrated in a cost-benefit analysis of the Stuxnet operation against Iran. First, any measurement of the offense-defense balance must consider a cyber operation’s value as well as its cost to both sides. Second, organizational capabilities play a significant role in determining the balance. Third, offensive advantages decline when attackers target physical infrastructure rather than information networks.