Science & Technology

99 Items

Globalization and Its Discontents in MENA

AP Photo/Amr Nabil

Paper - Middle East Policy

Globalization and its Discontents in the Middle East and North Africa

    Author:
  • Robert Springborg
| August 1, 2016

An article from former Kuwait Foundation Visiting Scholar Robert Springborg that served as an overview and introduction for his fall 2016 study group Globalization and its Discontents in the Middle East and North Africa. The article was published in the summer 2016 issue of Middle East Policy.

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Paper

Crafting Usable Knowledge for Sustainable Development

| 2016

This paper distills core lessons about how researchers (scientists, engineers, planners, etc.) interested in promoting sustainable development can increase the likelihood of producing usable knowledge. We draw the lessons from both practical experience in diverse contexts around the world, and from scholarly advances in understanding the relationships between science and society.

Report

Innovation and Prosperity: Public Policy in the Age of Technological Abundance

May 16, 2014

When Olafur Eliasson and Frederik Ottesen first developed Little Sun – a small solar-powered lamp costing $5 – they had no idea that in addition to providing light, their product also had the potential to raise student performance levels 40 percent by allowing students to study longer and later into the night. Speaking at Harvard Kennedy School’s “IDEASpHERE,” Calestous Juma, the Belfer Center’s director of the Science, Technology, and Globalization Project, cited Little Sun as an example of a small technological advancement that has had an outsized impact on social welfare.

Report - Brookings Institution

Foresight Africa: Top Priorities for the Continent in 2014

| January 2014

As Africa's position in the world continues to grow and evolve in 2014, the Brookings Africa Growth Initiative continues its tradition of asking its experts and colleagues to identify what they consider to be the key issues for Africa in the coming year.

Report Chapter - Brookings Institution

Leap-frogging in African Agriculture: The Case of Genetically Modified Crops

| January 2014

Calestous Juma and Katherine Gordon argue that biotechnology has the potential to exponentially raise Africa's agricultural production, increase food security, drive economic growth and save African farmers millions of dollars.

Report - Global Governance 2022

Securing the Net: Global Governance in the Digital Domain

    Authors:
  • Puji Abbassi
  • Martin Kaul
  • Yi Shen
  • Zev Winkelman
| September 2013

What will be the shape of the internet in 20 years? The authors explore possible futures in global cyber security governance and recommend a robust set of actions that pave a path forward towards establishing an environment in which a more cooperative form of global cyber security governance could evolve.

A Pakistani Internet user surfs the YouTube Web site at a local Internet cafe in Islamabad, Pakistan, Feb. 26, 2008. Pakistan defended its clampdown on the YouTube Web site which accidentally interrupted access for Internet users around the globe.

AP Photo

Paper - Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto

Duties for Internet Service Providers

| March 2012

In today's interconnected world, the Internet is no longer a tool. Rather, it is a service that helps generate income and employment, provides access to business and information, enables e-learning, and facilitates government activities. It is an essential service that has been integrated into every part of our society. Our experience begins when an Internet Service Provider (ISP) uses fixed telephony (plain old telephone service), mobile-cellular telephony, or fixed fiber-optic or broadband service to connect us to the global network. From that moment on, the ISP shoulders the responsibility for the instantaneous, reliable, and secure movement of our data over the Internet.

Discussion Paper

Socio-Economic Sustainability of Biofuel Production in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from a Jatropha Outgrower Model in Rural Tanzania

January 2012

This new discussion paper investigates whether an outgrower scheme for a Jatropha production project in Tanzania is capable of developing “socio-economic sustainable outcomes for farmers.” The answer relies on the inclusion of an analysis of the farmers’ material benefits and subjective perceptions about the overall welfare contribution of the outgrower scheme. This research is the first to propose a practical way to operationalize such an analysis and to apply it to a concrete investment project.