Belfer Center Regions https://www.belfercenter.org/rss/topic/865/feed en Former Diplomats Discuss Global Refugee Crisis https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/former-diplomats-discuss-global-refugee-crisis <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Feb 23, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/2.22.18Miliband_Burns082.jpg?itok=3MO2oCoF" width="200" height="120" alt="David Miliband and Nick Burns" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>David W. Miliband, president and CEO of the International Refugee Committee, discussed the global refugee crisis with Kennedy School professor Nicholas Burns at an Institute of Politics event Thursday evening.</p> <p>At the event, entitled “The Refugee Crisis and What Can Be Done About It,” Miliband and Burns, who served as the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs during the Bush administration, discussed ongoing humanitarian challenges in Syria, connecting the issue to a broader “forgotten crisis” of global population displacement.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/former-diplomats-discuss-global-refugee-crisis Evaluating the U.K.'s ‘Active Cyber Defence’ Program https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/evaluating-uks-active-cyber-defence-program <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Feb 14, 2018</time> <p>In November 2016, the U.K. government <a href="https://www.ncsc.gov.uk/blog-post/active-cyber-defence-tackling-cyber-attacks-uk" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">launched</a> its Active Cyber Defence (ACD) program with the intention of tackling “in a relatively automated [and transparent] way, a significant proportion of the cyber attacks that hit the U.K.” True to their word, a little over a year on, last week the U.K.’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) published a <a href="https://www.ncsc.gov.uk/information/active-cyber-defence-one-year" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">full and frank account</a> (over 60 pages long) of their progress to date. The report itself is full of technical implementation details. But it’s useful to cut through the specifics to explain exactly what ACD is and highlight its successes—how the program could benefit the United States as well.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/evaluating-uks-active-cyber-defence-program The Machines Ate My Homework https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/machines-ate-my-homework <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Feb 12, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/AP_17303436168980.jpg?itok=KnI3kjeU" width="200" height="120" alt="Staff members of Hanson Robotics control their company&#039;s flagship robot Sophia, a lifelike robot powered by artificial intelligence in Hong Kong. September 28, 2017 (Kin Cheung/Associated Press)." typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>Are we living through the re-mystification of the world?</p> <p>Much that goes on around us is baffling these days. Financial market movements, for example, seem increasingly mysterious. Why, after close to a decade of sustained recovery from the nadir of early 2009, did global stock markets sell off so sharply this month?</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/machines-ate-my-homework Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy and Natural Resources https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/handbook-international-political-economy-energy-and-natural-resources <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Feb 12, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/wind%20and%20sun.jpg?itok=XC5xwulD" width="200" height="120" alt="Solar panel field and wind turbines" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>This Handbook offers a comprehensive overview of the latest research from leading scholars on the international political economy of energy and resources. Highlighting the important conceptual and empirical themes, the chapters study all levels of governance, from global to local, and explore the wide range of issues emerging in a changing political and economic environment.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/handbook-international-political-economy-energy-and-natural-resources A Humpty Dumpty Europe, feat. Cathryn Clüver Ashbrook https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/humpty-dumpty-europe-feat-cathryn-cluver-ashbrook <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Feb 1, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/13b6c0dfca.jpg?itok=ABFHEya9" width="200" height="120" alt="Man chipping at EU stars" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>As the clock ticks down to the United Kingdom’s Brexit, Cathryn Clüver Ashbrook considers the EU’s future and the delicate balance of 21st-century statecraft, including EU-US relations as well as negotiation practice, international conflict mitigation and the impact of technology and communication on diplomatic and non-governmental actors. Hosted by the <a href="https://soundcloud.com/dfwworld">World Affairs Council of Dallas/Fort Worth</a></p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/humpty-dumpty-europe-feat-cathryn-cluver-ashbrook Trump's First Year: Promoting 'America First' Abroad https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/trumps-first-year-promoting-america-first-abroad <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 30, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/AP_18031637404068.jpg?itok=lLEKDcLS" width="200" height="120" alt="President Trump" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>Ahead of President Trump's first State of the Union address, Professor Burns spoke with Meghna Chakrabarti on WBRU's Radio Boston to reflect on Trump's foreign policy decisions in the past year.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/trumps-first-year-promoting-america-first-abroad In the Race for Central Asia’s Gas, China’s Rise Comes at Russia’s Expense https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/race-central-asias-gas-chinas-rise-comes-russias-expense <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 26, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/Turkmenistan.jpg?itok=mrAGeJjS" width="200" height="120" alt="Symbolic pipes with a sign that reads &quot;Turkmenistan—China&quot; on exhibit at the Bagtyyarlyk natural gas field, Turkmenistan, Aug. 29, 2007." typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>Last week, Kazakhstan’s president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, became the first Central Asian head of state to visit President Donald Trump in the White House, in a likely effort to shore up ties. In an email interview, <a href="https://www.belfercenter.org/person/morena-skalamera" target="_blank">Morena Skalamera</a>, an associate at the Geopolitics of Energy Project at Harvard’s Belfer Center, examines the competition over Central Asia’s gas resources and its geopolitical consequences. </p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/race-central-asias-gas-chinas-rise-comes-russias-expense American Leadership on Atrocity Crimes and the Fight for Justice https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/american-leadership-atrocity-crimes-and-fight-justice <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 25, 2018</time> <p>In this keynote speech delivered January 25, 2018 at a conference on Atrocity Crimes at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC, Nicholas Burns called on President Trump, who has not championed vocally human rights and democracy so far in his Presidency, to appoint an American Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes and to take the baton of Leadership from his Republican and Democratic predecessors on this vital issue.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/american-leadership-atrocity-crimes-and-fight-justice How Civil Wars End: The International System, Norms, and the Role of External Actors https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/how-civil-wars-end-international-system-norms-and-role-external-actors <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 24, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/HowardJohnstonPhoto.jpg?itok=j8ql1rh6" width="200" height="120" alt="Bosnia President Alija Izetbegovic, left, shakes hands with Croatia President Franjo Tudjman in Dayton, Ohio, Wednesday, Nov. 1, 1995." typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>Historically, most civil wars have ended with the military defeat of the losing side. In the 1990s, by contrast, civil wars usually ended with a negotiated settlement. What accounts for this anomaly?</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/how-civil-wars-end-international-system-norms-and-role-external-actors An Outlook on Global Politics 2018 https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/outlook-global-politics-2018 <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 23, 2018</time> <p>Nicholas Burns, Professor at Harvard Kennedy School and former US Under Secretary of State, looks at what lies ahead for global politics as well as current geopolitical risks. “The world is experiencing the most profound leadership transition in a generation,” states Burns, who adds that 2018 promises to be a year of significant challenge to global stability and peace.  
</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/outlook-global-politics-2018 Donald Trump's Big Choice at Davos https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/donald-trumps-big-choice-davos <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 21, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/AP_18022632303778.jpg?itok=GV3JRAbF" width="200" height="120" alt="People arrive for the ceremony for the Crystal Awards on the eve of the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. January 22, 2018 (Markus Schreiber/Associated Press). Keywords: Davos, World Economic Forum" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>Donald Trump will be attending this year’s World Economic Forum. Inevitably, attention will focus on whether the US president projects a commitment to internationalist values or reiterates his commitment to truculent nationalism in the name of making America “great again”. Attention will also focus on the question of the durability of the current economic and market upswing that has buoyed the spirits of businesses and investors around the world.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/donald-trumps-big-choice-davos The First Signs of Rust on Macron's Iron Hand https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/first-signs-rust-macrons-iron-hand <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 21, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/AP_18022716637113.jpg?itok=sfFtr-7S" width="200" height="120" alt="French President Emmanuel Macron arrives to a signing ceremony to name former CEO of Cisco Systems John Chambers as the representative of the French Tech, during the &quot;Choose France&quot; summit, at the Chateau de Versailles, outside Paris. January 22, 2018 (Thibault Camus/Associated Press, Pool). Keywords: France, president, Emmanuel Macron" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>Whenever someone is trying to persuade me that liberal democracy is in crisis and that populist demagogues and fire-breathing tyrants are taking over the world, I refer them to the talented Monsieur Macron. If <a href="void(0);" title="Marine Le Pen">Marine Le Pen</a> had won last year's French presidential election, the thesis of a democratic crisis might have plausibility. But Macron smashed her, winning two-thirds of the vote in the second round.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/first-signs-rust-macrons-iron-hand Review: An Uneasy Unpeace https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/review-uneasy-unpeace <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 21, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/AP_16299263398345.jpg?itok=giZGk4c3" width="200" height="120" alt="A worker is silhouetted against a computer display showing a live visualization of the online phishing and fraudulent phone calls across China during the 4th China Internet Security Conference in Beijing. Aug. 16, 2016 (Ng Han Guan/Associated Press, File). Keywords: China, cyberattack" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>In the cyber arena, the same technologies that are creating unprecedented benefits for billions are also democratizing destruction. Graham Allison reviews ‘The Virtual Weapon and International Order’ by Lucas Kello.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/review-uneasy-unpeace Social Networks Are Creating a Global Crisis of Democracy https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/social-networks-are-creating-global-crisis-democracy <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 19, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/AP_17305808465532.jpg?itok=CWZkPlvh" width="200" height="120" alt="Some of the Facebook and Instagram ads linked to a Russian effort to disrupt the American political process and stir up tensions around divisive social issues, released by members of the U.S. House Intelligence committee, are photographed in Washington. November 1, 2017 (Jon Elswick/Associated Press). Keywords: social media, Russia, Facebook, Trump, Clinton" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>It wasn't supposed to be this way. For a time, it seemed as if the internet was on democracy's side, helping the crowds in Cairo's Tahrir Square or Kiev's Maidan topple terrible tyrants.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/social-networks-are-creating-global-crisis-democracy High Stakes for Trump at the World Economic Forum https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/high-stakes-trump-world-economic-forum <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 16, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/AP_17020418745491%20%281%29.jpg?itok=z_LC0z0T" width="200" height="120" alt="Participants talk on the fourth day of the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. Jan. 20, 2017 (Michel Euler/Associated Press). Keywords: Davos, World Economic Forum" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>President Trump has had a ragged couple of weeks. Without reliving every sour note, let’s just say he hasn’t started the year with an inspirational vibe. His unforced, bizarre errors have overshadowed soaring consumer confidence, the potential benefits of tax cuts and the dismantling of Obama-era regulations. But could everything soon change? Is Trump about to take a break from his acidic public presence?</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/high-stakes-trump-world-economic-forum U.S. Energy Diplomacy in an Age of Energy Abundance https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/us-energy-diplomacy-age-energy-abundance <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 8, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/pexels-photo-157039.jpeg?itok=hTyoDkkV" width="200" height="120" alt="Windmills on shore" typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>For decades, fears of energy scarcity drove American energy diplomacy. The dependence of the global economy on oil, and America’s need to secure ever-growing quantities of this commodity, underpinned complex networks of alliances and intensive diplomatic endeavors. An atmosphere of ever-increasing global competition for resources made these labors all the more urgent and highstakes. Today, in an age of energy abundance, many anticipate that the new US energy prowess will render such efforts obsolete and pave the way for US disengagement in the world. Yet a sober look at reality suggests that this should be far from the case.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/us-energy-diplomacy-age-energy-abundance Macron’s Travel Diaries - First Step: China https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/macrons-travel-diaries-first-step-china <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 8, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/AP_18009481589438.jpg?itok=LzRLuQ8N" width="200" height="120" alt="French President Emmanuel Macron, left, and Chinese President Xi Jinping shake hands after a joint press briefing at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on Jan. 9, 2018 (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein, Pool)." typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>Macron’s decision to start off the year with a trip to China carries a symbolic weight, which adds a special aura to his arrival in Beijing. Elected in May by 66% of the French electorate and supported by a strong parliamentary majority, the President was able to assert his power and authority. A quality much appreciated by Chinese leaders, who are astounded by Angela Merkel and Theresa May’s fragility, despite their respective successes in their countries’ parliamentary elections. </p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/macrons-travel-diaries-first-step-china Trump's New Strategy Is America's Old Strategy: Gathering Allies https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/trumps-new-strategy-americas-old-strategy-gathering-allies <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 7, 2018</time> <img src="/sites/default/files/styles/thumbnail/public/images/publication/feature/AP_17261705736933%20%281%29.jpg?itok=YVCT4CtY" width="200" height="120" alt="President Donald Trump jokes with French President Emmanuel Macron during a meeting at the Palace Hotel during the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 18, 2017, in New York (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)." typeof="Image" class="image-style-thumbnail" /> <p>The newly-released U.S. National Security Strategy (NSS) is the most detailed document on President Donald Trump’s international agenda so far. It paints a sharp picture of a world order marked by growing strategic competition where China and Russia are seeking to “challenge American power, influence, and interests.” China, in particular, clearly appears as America’s main challenger economically and even geopolitically.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/trumps-new-strategy-americas-old-strategy-gathering-allies Trade and Inequality Within Countries https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/trade-and-inequality-within-countries <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 5, 2018</time> <p>Inequality has been on the rise within the United States and other advanced countries since the 1980s and especially since the turn of the century.  The possibility that trade is responsible for the widening gap between the rich and the rest of the population has of course become a major political preoccupation</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/trade-and-inequality-within-countries In Memoriam: Chuck Cogan, Longtime International Security Program Associate https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/memoriam-chuck-cogan-longtime-international-security-program-associate <time datetime="00Z" class="datetime">Jan 3, 2018</time> <p>Dr. Charles G. "Chuck" Cogan, an International Security Program associate since 2006, died peacefully in his sleep on December 14, 2017 at his home in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was a frequent participant over the years in ISP seminars and other Center events, contributing his insights and anecdotes from his long career as a Central Intelligence Agency officer and his subsequent career as a historian.</p> Belfer Center https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/memoriam-chuck-cogan-longtime-international-security-program-associate