RSS publication by Round-Ups https://www.belfercenter.org/rss/round-up/73994/feed en The United States and the Paris Agreement: A Pivotal Moment https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/united-states-and-paris-agreement-pivotal-moment <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The United States and the Paris Agreement: A Pivotal Moment</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/11676" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="" content="susan_lynch@harvard.edu">susan_lynch@ha…</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 04/26/2017 - 17:18</span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The authors break down the reasons for the United States to stay in the Paris Climate Agreement, arguing that the benefits far outweigh any potential costs. The Agreement gives the United States a seat at the table, and the ability to influence international policy on climate change, showing that the United States is open and willing to cooperate.</p></div> Wed, 26 Apr 2017 08:00:00 EDT Wed, 26 Apr 2017 21:18:08 +0000 susan_lynch@harvard.edu 93421 at https://www.belfercenter.org The Montreal Protocol's Technology and Economic Assessment Panel: A Model for Post-Paris Climate-Change Action https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/montreal-protocols-technology-and-economic-assessment-panel-model-post-paris-climate <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Montreal Protocol&#039;s Technology and Economic Assessment Panel: A Model for Post-Paris Climate-Change Action</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry delivers remarks during the Montreal Protocol Meeting of the Parties (MOP) in Kigali, Rwanda, October 2016. The MOP amended the Protocol to address climate-change concerns." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/kerry_delivers_remarks_about_the_montreal_protocol_in_kigali_terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The author explores the role of the Montreal Protocol's assessment panel and draws lessons for the UNFCCC.</p></div> Mon, 07 Nov 2016 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 77011 at https://www.belfercenter.org Implications of the Paris Agreement for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Solar Geoengineering https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/implications-paris-agreement-carbon-dioxide-removal-and-solar-geoengineering <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Implications of the Paris Agreement for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Solar Geoengineering</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Implications of the Paris Agreement for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Solar Geoengineering" src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/red-dawn-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The authors explore, in particular, the implications for CO2 removal and solar geoengineering of the Paris Agreement's long-term temperature goals, provision for "removals by sinks," and market-based mitigation mechanisms.</p></div> Tue, 26 Jul 2016 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 77223 at https://www.belfercenter.org Eco-Competitiveness and Eco-Efficiency: Carbon Neutrality in Latin America https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/eco-competitiveness-and-eco-efficiency-carbon-neutrality-latin-america <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Eco-Competitiveness and Eco-Efficiency: Carbon Neutrality in Latin America</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="At the 2012 U.N. Climate Change Conference held in Doha, Qatar, Costa Rica&#039;s 800-member Coopedota coffee cooperative launched the world&#039;s first carbon-neutral certified coffee (Carbon Clear, 2011)." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/coopedota-qatar-terminal2.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Improvements in eco-efficiency—defined as a combination of reducing waste and reducing the use of raw inputs—offer one strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions while also lowering production costs. In addition, changes in culture—at the level of individual businesses, countries, or both—can enhance the eco-competitive position of these businesses and countries. This paper describes three examples from Costa Rica and shows how the goal of achieving carbon neutrality can provide incentives for improving eco-efficiency and eco-competitiveness.</p></div> Wed, 18 Nov 2015 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 77954 at https://www.belfercenter.org Designing Climate Treaties: Technological Innovation and Duration of Commitment https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/designing-climate-treaties-technological-innovation-and-duration-commitment <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Designing Climate Treaties: Technological Innovation and Duration of Commitment</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Photovoltaic solar panels, commune des Mées (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France), January 5, 2013. Countries have little incentive to invest in green technologies if another round of climate negotiations is coming up." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/panneaux_pv_les_mees-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Recent research in economics shows how not to design climate treaties—and suggests how to get it right.</p></div> Fri, 10 Jul 2015 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 78360 at https://www.belfercenter.org What Can an Economist Possibly Have to Say about Climate Change? https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/what-can-economist-possibly-have-say-about-climate-change <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">What Can an Economist Possibly Have to Say about Climate Change?</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Heavy smoke spewing from a coal-powered plant. The Obama administration&#039;s proposed regulation of existing power-sector sources of CO2 has the potential to be cost-effective, and it can also be welfare-enhancing." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/purple-coalpower-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Robert Stavins argues for an economic approach to solving environmental problems and explains why "environmental economics" is not an oxymoron.</p></div> Tue, 24 Mar 2015 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 78681 at https://www.belfercenter.org A Pre-Lima Scorecard for Evaluating which Countries are Doing Their Fair Share in Pledged Carbon Cuts https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/pre-lima-scorecard-evaluating-which-countries-are-doing-their-fair-share-pledged-carbon <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">A Pre-Lima Scorecard for Evaluating which Countries are Doing Their Fair Share in Pledged Carbon Cuts</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="The world&#039;s first full-scale floating wind turbine, assembled in the Åmøy Fjord near Stavanger, Norway. Norway made the most ambitious pledge for voluntary carbon cuts through 2020." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/norway-hywind-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The authors explore a novel approach to evaluating the ambition and fairness of countries' voluntary pledges to reduce emissions. This approach could facilitate negotiations at the upcoming UN climate conference in Lima—and the broader process leading to a new 2015 international climate agreement.</p></div> Fri, 21 Nov 2014 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 79027 at https://www.belfercenter.org The Crucial Role of Policy Surveillance in International Climate Policy https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/crucial-role-policy-surveillance-international-climate-policy <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Crucial Role of Policy Surveillance in International Climate Policy</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="World Trade Organization (WTO) 4th Global Review of Aid for Trade: &quot;Connecting to Value Chains&quot; 8&amp;#8211;10 July 2013. This is one of the WTO&#039;s policy review mechanisms." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/wto-fourth-review-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Joseph Aldy's <em>Viewpoint</em> makes a case for how transparency through policy surveillance can facilitate more effective international climate change policy architecture.</p></div> Tue, 29 Oct 2013 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 80113 at https://www.belfercenter.org The Role of Forests in a Future Climate Agreement https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/role-forests-future-climate-agreement <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Role of Forests in a Future Climate Agreement</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Aerial view of the Amazon Rainforest" src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/amazon-aerial-view-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Forests can play a significant role in helping to avoid dangerous climate change, and a global agreement under the UNFCCC would be uniquely placed to support efforts in this regard. The rising global demand for agricultural and other land-based products means that pressures on land are increasingly cross-border, and there is an accelerating expansion of the deforestation frontier. Smart domestic policies are critical to solving the deforestation challenge, and recent private sector interest in "sustainable agriculture" is encouraging.</div> Wed, 24 Apr 2013 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 80584 at https://www.belfercenter.org A Climate Diplomacy Proposal: Carbon Pricing Consultations https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/climate-diplomacy-proposal-carbon-pricing-consultations <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">A Climate Diplomacy Proposal: Carbon Pricing Consultations</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Coal-fired power plant in the midwestern United States. The 1990 SO2 cap-and-trade program limited emissions primarily from electric power plants." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/us-midwest-coal-plant-terminal_1.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The United States has considerable tax administration and cap-and-trade expertise that could highlight potentially successful carbon pricing approaches. Although this experience is not climate-related, the United States deploys an efficient and highly compliant excise tax system, and it could assist developing country efforts to build their own capacity to tax carbon. The United States also has long experience with cap-and-trade systems for criteria air pollutants, much of which is transferable to greenhouse-gas emissions trading.</p></div> Tue, 12 Mar 2013 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 80770 at https://www.belfercenter.org Treaty Design and Duration: Effects on R&D, Participation, and Compliance https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/treaty-design-and-duration-effects-rd-participation-and-compliance <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Treaty Design and Duration: Effects on R&amp;D, Participation, and Compliance</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Photovoltaic panels rotating" src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/pv-panels-rotating-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Climate policy is complicated. For a treaty to be beneficial, one must think through carefully how it will work, once it is implemented. Crucial questions include the following: How should an international treaty be designed? Should one negotiate commitments for a five-year period, or for much longer? Assuming that the treaty specifies aggregate or country-specific emission caps, what should these caps be and how should they change over time?</div> Tue, 05 Feb 2013 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 80849 at https://www.belfercenter.org The Durban Platform Negotiations: Goals and Options https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/durban-platform-negotiations-goals-and-options <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Durban Platform Negotiations: Goals and Options</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="The United Kingdom&#039;s Chris Huhne, then Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, speaks at the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change&#039;s 17th Conference of the Parties in Durban, South Africa, Dec 8, 2011." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/durban-conference-huhne-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>In December 2011, parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action, which launched a new round of negotiations aimed at developing "a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force" for the post-2020 period. The Durban Platform negotiations got underway this year and are scheduled to conclude in 2015. This <em>Viewpoint</em> analyzes the elements of the Durban Platform and the possible role that a new instrument might play.</p></div> Tue, 17 Jul 2012 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 81291 at https://www.belfercenter.org Whither the Kyoto Protocol? Durban and Beyond https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/whither-kyoto-protocol-durban-and-beyond <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Whither the Kyoto Protocol? Durban and Beyond</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="South Africa&#039;s Minister of International Relations &amp; Cooperation Maite Nkoana-Mashabaneat at the Petersberg Climate Dialogue in Berlin, July 3, 2011. International delegations met for 2 days to prepare the upcoming UN climate conference in Durban." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/germany-climatedialogue-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Kyoto Protocol establishes a very complex and ambitious regime, in architecture if not stringency. The problem is that relatively few states, representing only about a quarter of the world's emissions, have been willing to assume emission targets under Kyoto....The future of the Protocol thus seems doubtful at best. Even in the most optimistic scenario, a new round of emissions targets couldn't be agreed in time to prevent a legal gap between the first and second commitment periods.</div> Mon, 19 Sep 2011 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 82030 at https://www.belfercenter.org AB 32 and Climate Change: The National Context of State Policies for a Global Commons Problem https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/ab-32-and-climate-change-national-context-state-policies-global-commons-problem <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">AB 32 and Climate Change: The National Context of State Policies for a Global Commons Problem</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="British Columbia Premier Gordon Campbell, left, and California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger shake hands as they display an agreement they signed to fight climate change in Vancouver, May 31, 2007." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/canada-arnold-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>"...[B]ottom-up linkage of state and regional cap-and-trade systems could be an important part, or perhaps even the core, of future of U.S. climate policy, at least until there is meaningful action at the federal level. In the meantime, it is at least conceivable—and perhaps likely—that linkage of state-level cap-and-trade systems will become the (interim) de facto national climate policy architecture."</p></div> Mon, 07 Feb 2011 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 82575 at https://www.belfercenter.org Towards a Breakthrough for Deadlocked Climate Change Negotiations https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/towards-breakthrough-deadlocked-climate-change-negotiations <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Towards a Breakthrough for Deadlocked Climate Change Negotiations</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="French President Nicolas Sarkozy, center, upon his arrival in Bangalore, India, Dec. 4, 2010. Sarkozy arrived on a 4-day visit to sign agreements to set up nuclear power plants in India and jointly develop satellites to study climate change." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/sarkozy-india-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>With regard to developing a new international framework, developed countries should acknowledge how grave the consequences would be to easily give in to a Kyoto extension. Merely extending the Kyoto Protocol would surely delay mitigation actions on the part of developing countries and discourage the U.S. from making serious efforts to reduce its large energy consumption. In other words, no country should end up being a "climate-killer" in its attempts to avoid being called a "Kyoto-killer."</p></div> Tue, 07 Dec 2010 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 82680 at https://www.belfercenter.org The International Climate Change Regime: The Road from Copenhagen https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/international-climate-change-regime-road-copenhagen <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The International Climate Change Regime: The Road from Copenhagen</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Sept. 1, 2010: A coal-fired power plant emits smoke during the night in Changchun, China. Widely seen as an obstacle in the Copenhagen climate summit, China spent $34.6 billion on clean energy in 2009, nearly double the U.S. investment." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/china-green-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>"...[T]he Copenhagen Accord is "only" a political agreement, so it does not provide sufficient assurance that countries will take action. But how much difference does it make that the Copenhagen Accord is a political rather than a legal agreement? Obviously, political agreements do not require domestic ratification, so they provide a weaker signal of domestic commitment.</div> Tue, 19 Oct 2010 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 82812 at https://www.belfercenter.org Toward a Post-2012 International Climate Agreement https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/toward-post-2012-international-climate-agreement <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Toward a Post-2012 International Climate Agreement</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Cattle graze in front of wind turbines of the Spanish utility Endesa in the Eolico Park, Spain, Aug. 3, 2006." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/spain-wind-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at Copenhagen in December 2009 did not produce a new international treaty with binding emissions commitments, but have defined a roadmap for dealing with global climate change in the post-2012 era. As countries continue to pursue new models for global agreement, it will be important to learn from the weaknesses of past approaches, while building on positive aspects of the experience with the Kyoto Protocol so far.</p></div> Fri, 05 Mar 2010 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83197 at https://www.belfercenter.org Climate Change Policies: Many Paths Forward https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/climate-change-policies-many-paths-forward <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Climate Change Policies: Many Paths Forward</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Former U.S. vice president and Nobel laureate, Al Gore, gives a presentation during a ministerial meeting of the Arctic Council, in Tromsoe, Norway, Apr. 29, 2009." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/gore-norway-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The current global economic crisis highlights the fact that environmental objectives exist in a balance with economic growth, a balance that political leaders struggle to find in their own countries and at the global level. The UNFCCC contributes importantly to achieving a healthy balance by providing an overall framework for action to address climate change and as a regular gathering point for diplomats, policymakers, and technical experts from the widest range of countries.</div> Tue, 02 Feb 2010 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83262 at https://www.belfercenter.org The São Paulo Proposal for an Improved International Climate Agreement https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/sao-paulo-proposal-improved-international-climate-agreement <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The São Paulo Proposal for an Improved International Climate Agreement</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Ships anchor near the entrance of the Long Beach Harbor on Aug. 25, 2004. Marine terminal operators at the largest U.S. port revealed a plan to expand their cargo operations into the evening and weekend hours to ease traffic congestion &amp; GHG emissions." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/port-congestion-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>An effective international climate agreement poses formidable challenges. Existing agreements, naturally, have some good features. Further improvements are being discussed in the current negotiations. But the cost and uncertainty associated with regular renegotiation of commitments is not being addressed. The São Paulo Proposal suggests mechanisms that would avoid the need for regular renegotiation of commitments and suggests other ways to make international climate agreements more effective.</p></div> Tue, 02 Feb 2010 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83263 at https://www.belfercenter.org Achieving Comparable Effort through Carbon Price Agreements https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/achieving-comparable-effort-through-carbon-price-agreements <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Achieving Comparable Effort through Carbon Price Agreements</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Photovoltaic solar panels are installed on the roof of Walden III Middle and High School in Racine, Wis., Dec. 18, 2008. The amount of CO2 kept from the atmosphere is estimated at 20 tons per year." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/solar-school-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Parties could break the stalemate around hard targets and ensure the comparability of efforts by supplementing commitments on emissions with commitments for price signals on carbon. Under our proposal, all major parties would need to show at least a minimum level of effort regardless of whether they achieve their emissions target, and they would be allowed to exceed their target if they were unable to achieve it in spite of undertaking a high level of effort.</p></div> Fri, 18 Dec 2009 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83344 at https://www.belfercenter.org Climate Finance: Key Concepts and Ways Forward https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/climate-finance-key-concepts-and-ways-forward <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Climate Finance: Key Concepts and Ways Forward</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="A Chinese resident looks at a solar panel in a residential area in Nanjing, Dec. 1, 2009. Solar energy supplies heating and hot water to as many as 150 million Chinese." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/china-solar-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Climate finance is fundamental to curbing anthropogenic climate change. Compared, however, to the negotiations over emissions reduction timetables, commitments, and architectures, climate finance issues have received only limited and belated attention. Assuring delivery and appropriate use of the financial resources needed to achieve emissions reductions and secure adaptation to climate change, particularly in developing countries, is as vital as agreement on emission caps. Yet, a comprehensive framework on financing for mitigation and adaptation is not in sight.</div> Wed, 02 Dec 2009 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83380 at https://www.belfercenter.org Creating a Climate Policy Review Mechanism https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/creating-climate-policy-review-mechanism <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Creating a Climate Policy Review Mechanism</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="A view of the summit of the Aid for Trade Review, at the World Trade Organization headquarters, in Geneva, Switzerland, Nov. 20, 2007. This is an example of an international governance peer-review process." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/switzerland-wto-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>International climate negotiations are becoming increasingly focused on suites of emissions-cutting policies and measures, rather than solely on traditional targets and timetables, particularly for developing countries. This approach raises at least two important challenges for negotiators and policymakers. First, how can negotiators judge whether states' proposed policies and measures are commensurate with ambitious global goals for controlling emissions?</div> Fri, 20 Nov 2009 07:00:00 EST Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83409 at https://www.belfercenter.org Three Pillars of Post-2012 International Climate Policy https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/three-pillars-post-2012-international-climate-policy <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Three Pillars of Post-2012 International Climate Policy</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo speaks at the High-Level Dialogue on Climate Change, June 17, 2009, at the Asian Development Bank in the Philippines. The bank pledged to double its clean energy investments in the region to $2 billion yearly." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/philippines-climate-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Our proposal for a post-2012 international global climate policy agreement contains three essential elements: meaningful involvement by key industrialized and developing nations; an emphasis on an extended time path of targets; and inclusion of market-based policy instruments. This architecture is consistent with fundamental aspects of the science, economics, and politics of global climate change.</p></div> Fri, 23 Oct 2009 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83491 at https://www.belfercenter.org A Portfolio of Domestic Commitments: Implementing Common but Differentiated Responsibilities https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/portfolio-domestic-commitments-implementing-common-differentiated-responsibilities <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">A Portfolio of Domestic Commitments: Implementing Common but Differentiated Responsibilities</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="18 Mar 2008: Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao&#039;s press conference is telecast on a mall screen in Beijing. Rich countries must commit to deeper cuts in GHG emissions if China and India are to sign an accord to curb climate change, a UN official said 11 Sep 2009." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/china-climate-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>An effective, but more flexible and politically palatable approach could be an international agreement on a "portfolio of domestic commitments." Under such an agreement, nations would agree to honor commitments to greenhouse gas emission reductions laid out in their own domestic laws and regulations. A portfolio of commitments may emerge from a global meeting such as the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties, or a smaller number of major economies could negotiate an agreement among themselves, and then invite other countries to join.</p></div> Mon, 19 Oct 2009 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83496 at https://www.belfercenter.org Technology in the UN Climate Change Negotiations: Moving Beyond Abstraction https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/technology-un-climate-change-negotiations-moving-beyond-abstraction <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Technology in the UN Climate Change Negotiations: Moving Beyond Abstraction</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="Service technicians fill a truck with liquid CO2 at Schwarze Pumpe in Spremberg, Germany, 9 Sep 2008. Vattenfall Europe inaugurated a pilot unit for a coal-fired power plant with CO2 capture and storage, the world&#039;s first of its kind." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/vattenfall-terminal_2.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>This brief considers the technology negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) within the wider context of low-carbon energy technology. In doing so, it focuses on how technology issues can be effectively embedded within a potential agreement at the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) in Copenhagen. The paper asserts that the negotiations must be conducted with cognizance of national decision-making processes and competing priorities. It puts forth a series of framing topics in order to more explicitly explore the large technology "ecosystem".</div> Wed, 02 Sep 2009 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83576 at https://www.belfercenter.org Rules for Negotiating and Updating Climate Treaties https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/rules-negotiating-and-updating-climate-treaties <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Rules for Negotiating and Updating Climate Treaties</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="The room where G8 leaders met in L&#039;Aquila, Italy, July 7, 2009. Leaders of developing countries that emit the most GHGs join the world&#039;s wealthiest states at the G8 summit to try to unblock troubled climate negotiations." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/italy-g8-terminal_1.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>A climate treaty is characterized by a large number of parameters: What should the abatement or emission levels be? How should the burden to abate be distributed across countries? What should the time profile for the emission levels be? Should there be issue linkages with other policy areas? Should there be any side transfers between some countries and, if so, what should the transfers be? This richness in parameters implies that there is a lot to decide and negotiate before the final climate treaty is ready.</p></div> Thu, 27 Aug 2009 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83578 at https://www.belfercenter.org A Proposal for a Global Upstream Emission Trading System (UGETS) https://www.belfercenter.org/publication/proposal-global-upstream-emission-trading-system-ugets <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">A Proposal for a Global Upstream Emission Trading System (UGETS)</span><span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 11/30/2016 - 19:20</span> <p class="image"> <img alt="A stall at the &quot;Carbon Expo: Global Carbon Market Fair&quot; which deals with the topic of emissions trading and the emerging carbon market in Cologne, Germany, June 9, 2004." src="/sites/default/files/images/publication/thumbnail/carbon-expo-terminal.jpg" width="291" height="176" typeof="foaf:Image" /> </p> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-summary field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field__item"><p>An effective policy approach to climate change would be a global emission trading system. Opinions differ, however, as to what approach should be pursued when fostering a global emissions trading system. Many argue in favor of linking various national and regional emission trading systems as a possible way forward. However, an alternative method, which involves developing a new system from the ground up, could prove more advantageous.</div> Wed, 05 Aug 2009 08:00:00 EDT Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:20:59 +0000 Anonymous 83616 at https://www.belfercenter.org