In the modern era, there is great convergence in the technologies used by friendly nations and by hostile ones. Signals intelligence agencies find themselves penetrating the technologies that they also at times must protect. To ease this tension, the United States and its partners have relied on an approach sometimes called Nobody But Us, or NOBUS: target communications mechanisms using unique methods accessible only to the United States. This paper examines how the NOBUS approach works, its limits, and the challenging matter of what comes next.
Eugene B. Kogan is the Director of the American Secretaries of State Project, a joint initiative of the Future of Diplomacy Project at Harvard Kennedy School, the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School, and Harvard Business School. Dr. Kogan leads the American Secretaries of State Project’s research efforts as the new Project prepares to interview all former U.S. Secretaries of State about the most demanding and consequential negotiations they conducted while serving in the nation’s highest foreign policy office.
Dr. Kogan is a former Stanton Nuclear Security Postdoctoral Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard Kennedy School. He specializes in coercive negotiations and holds a Ph.D. in Politics from Brandeis University. Dr. Kogan is working on a book on nuclear negotiations based on his doctoral thesis, which was awarded Harvard Law School Program on Negotiation’s Raiffa Award for the Best Student Doctoral Paper. He co-taught a course on military instruments of foreign policy at Harvard Extension School in the fall of 2014.
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