The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
A seminar with Shadden Khallaf, Senior Policy Advisor for the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees (UNHCR) MENA Bureau.
Shaden Khallaf is an expert on displacement and humanitarian issues in the Middle East and North Africa, with over 18 years of experience, and is currently acting as Senior Policy Advisor for UNHCR’s MENA Bureau. Her expertise spans the full cycle of displacement, including post-conflict transitions, with a focus on refugee women and child protection, advocacy, and public affairs. She has lectured at the Department of Law and Center for Migration and Refugee Studies at the American University in Cairo. Her courses focused on refugee and migration movements in MENA, international human rights law, democratization, and gender. She has published numerous papers on displacement in MENA and she regularly delivers public seminars on regional refugee crises. Shaden is currently developing partnership policies and catalyzing stronger engagement with regional civil society, the private sector, and academia, focusing on the Syrian humanitarian crisis, and has been included among "trailblazing women in the Arab world." Shaden is a strong advocate of women's empowerment and continually seeks to remove the structural barriers in women's way to reaching their full potential.