The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Amanda K. Johnson, MD, MBA is Assistant Vice President of Care Models in the Office of Ambulatory Care and Population Health for NYC Heath + Hospitals. In this role, she leads a team to deliver innovative programs that serve people exposed to the criminal justice system, experiencing homelessness, or facing other structural barriers that impede access to health care. At the outset of the pandemic, she was serving as interim Chief Medical Officer at Sydenham Health Center. She continues to care for patients at Sydenham Health Center, where she offers integrated primary care and treatment for substance use disorders and participates in Northern Manhattan’s Health Justice Network. She teaches residents both in clinic at Sydenham and on the inpatient wards at Harlem Hospital.
Prior to joining NYC Health + Hospitals, she served as the internal medicine Chief Resident for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety at UCSF. She completed her residency in internal medicine at UCSF’s primary care program based at San Francisco General Hospital. She received her medical degree from Harvard Medical School and her MBA from Harvard Business School. She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Stanford University, earning her BA with honors and distinction in Human Biology and Spanish as well as a minor in African and African-American Studies. She is originally from Milwaukee, WI. She is a Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine at NYU Grossman School of Medicine.