The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
JD Work serves as the Bren Chair for Cyber Conflict and Security at Marine Corps University, where he seeks to develop the theory, practice and operational art of the cyber warfighting function, and to
explore the wider role of the cyber instrument in national security strategy. He has over two decades experience working in cyber intelligence and operations roles for the private sector and US
government. Mr. Work's research provides insight into the emerging strategic issues, economic consequences, and technology implications created by hostilities in the virtual domain; and charts the engagements, follow on effects, capabilities, doctrine, and drivers behind the antagonistic action of potential combatants in the networked environment, in order to support early warning, crisis management and crisis prevention in and through cyberspace. Since 2001, he has developed and taught analytic tradecraft and other courses to advance the discipline of intelligence studies at a number
of academic institutions and US government agencies, and continues to teach with Columbia University, School of International and Public Affairs as well as George Washington University, Elliot School of International Affairs.