The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Kurt M. Campbell is Chairman and CEO of The Asia Group, Chairman of the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) and a Director for Standard Chartered Bank.
From 2009-2013, Campbell was Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs. He received the Secretary of State’s Distinguished Service Award and was recognized by the Queen with the Order of Australia and the New Zealand Order of Merit. Dr. Campbell was formerly the CEO of CNAS and director of the Aspen Strategy Group. He was the Senior Vice President and Kissinger Chair at CSIS, as well as an Associate Professor at Harvard’s Kennedy School. He previously was DASD for Asia at the Pentagon, a director on the NSC Staff, and deputy special counselor to the president for NAFTA. He is the author or editor of ten books and is writing another on the pivot. He received a B.A. from the University of California, San Diego, a Certificate in music and politics from the University of Erevan in Soviet Armenia, and Doctorate from Brasenose College at Oxford University as a Distinguished Marshall Scholar. He is a member of the Aspen Strategy Group.
Jake Sullivan is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Geoeconomics and Strategy Program and a Martin R. Flug visiting lecturer in law at Yale Law School.
Sullivan served in the Obama administration as national security adviser to Vice President Joe Biden and director of policy planning at the U.S. Department of State, as well as deputy chief of staff to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. He was the senior policy adviser on Secretary Clinton’s 2016 presidential campaign and previously served as deputy policy director on Hillary Clinton’s 2008 presidential primary campaign and as a member of the debate preparation team for Barack Obama’s general election campaign.
Sullivan has also been a senior policy adviser and chief counsel to Senator Amy Klobuchar from his home state of Minnesota, worked as an associate for Faegre & Benson LLP, and taught at the University of St. Thomas Law School. He clerked for Judge Stephen Breyer of the Supreme Court of the United States and Judge Guido Calabresi of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Sullivan holds both undergraduate and law degrees from Yale and a master’s degree from Oxford.
Graham Allison is the Douglas Dillon Professor of Government at Harvard University where he has taught for five decades. Allison is a leading analyst of national security with special interests in nuclear weapons, Russia, China, and decision-making. Allison was the “Founding Dean” of Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, and until 2017, served as Director of its Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs which is ranked the “ #1 University Affiliated Think Tank” in the world. As Assistant Secretary of Defense in the first Clinton Administration, Dr. Allison received the Defense Department's highest civilian award, the Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service, for "reshaping relations with Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan to reduce the former Soviet nuclear arsenal."