The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
To address the most pressing issues of our climate, we need rapid action combined with innovation. Carbon neutral since 2012, Microsoft intends to be carbon negative across scope 1, 2, and 3 emissions by 2030, and is committed to 100% renewable energy use by 2025 – all while providing a platform for innovation to address the climate crisis. Microsoft's vision - "100/100/0" - is 100% of electricity on all the world's grids, 100% of the time, is generated from zero carbon resources, with this as a commitment for its own electricity use by 2030.
Dr. Audrey Lee is Senior Director of Energy Strategy at Microsoft, where she works at the intersection of policy, technology, and commercial opportunities on the Microsoft datacenter energy and sustainability team. She also serves on the Boards of ArcLight Clean Transition II (NASDAQ: ACTD), a special purpose acquisition company focused on sustainable energy, and Redaptive Inc., deploying energy efficiency-as-a-service across large commercial real estate portfolios. She volunteers as a board member of Gridworks and Clean Energy for America Education Fund.
Previously at Sunrun (NASDAQ: RUN) as VP of Energy Services, Audrey deployed and aggregated solar, batteries, and energy services to serve residential customers, utilities, and grid operators, earning recognition by Utility Dive as “Disruptor of the Year.” She built the virtual power plant platform at Advanced Microgrid Solutions for commercial and industrial customers. Prior to that, Audrey led policymaking at the CA Public Utilities Commission President’s office, Harvard University, U.S. Department of Energy, and International Energy Agency. She holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Princeton University and a B.S. in Applied Physics from the California Institute of Technology.