The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Judy Chang will discuss the efforts that Massachusetts is undertaking in meeting a 50% greenhouse gas emissions reduction by 2030 and Net Zero economy-wide by 2050. She will share the analyses, the program design, the policy-making process, and the challenges associated with meeting these ambitious emissions reductions.
Ms. Judy Chang is the Undersecretary of Energy and Climate Solutions for Massachusetts. She is leading Massachusetts’ effort in setting policies across the energy sector in the state, working across agencies in aligning the strategies and plans for decarbonization and climate mitigation. Ms. Chang is an energy economist and policy expert with a background in electrical engineering. Prior to joining Massachusetts’ Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, she co-led the energy practice at The Brattle Group, an economic consulting company, based in Boston, with global presence. Ms. Chang has over 20 years of experience in advising energy companies on regulatory and financial issues, particularly as they relate to investment decisions in transmission, clean energy, and storage. Ms. Chang has submitted expert testimonies to the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, U.S. state, and Canadian provincial regulatory authorities on topics related to resource planning; power purchase and sale agreements; and transmission planning, access, and pricing. She has authored numerous reports and articles detailing the economic issues associated with generation and transmission investments; clean energy development; energy storage; and system planning. In addition, she had worked closely with executives and board members of numerous energy companies in developing their corporate strategies.
Ms. Chang has presented at a variety of industry conferences and graduate school seminars on energy and environmental policies, including at Harvard Law School, Tuft’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and MIT’s Sloan School of Management. She holds a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from University of California, Davis and a Master of Public Policy from Harvard Kennedy School. She is a founding Board member of New England Women in Energy and the Environment.