The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Javier Solana is president of ESADE Center for Global Economy and Geopolitics (Barcelona-Madrid). As part of the Future of Diplomacy Project's second annual "Europe Week," he will offer his reflections on the European Union's strategic foreign policy choices with respect to Syria, Mali and Iran. Previously, Solana served as the European Union’s High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy and Secretary General of the Council of the European Union. Before serving the Council, Dr. Solana was Secretary General of NATO where he negotiated the NATO-Russia Founding Act and presided over the establishment of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council. Prior to that, he held different ministerial portfolios in the Spanish government, including Foreign Affairs. He is also distinguished senior fellow in Foreign Policy at Brookings Institution, and chairman of the Aspen Institute España.