The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
The SolarWinds breach was a watershed moment for our nation's security, one of the most pervasive and extensive cyber espionage operations uncovered to date. It highlighted profound US vulnerability to cyber intrusions from actors large and small. SolarWinds begs the questions of how the US can better mount a collective cyber defense and protect both government and private networks from espionage or attack. How can the government (federal and state/local) and the private sector get better at cyber defense given the enduring nature of the threat? What role does offense and deterrence play in in cyber defense? How can we secure our supply chain software?
Please join the Belfer Center's Intelligence and Cyber Projects for a discussion with David Sanger, Camille Stewart, Priscilla Moriuchi, and Dr. Erica Borghard on Wednesday, February 3rd from 12:00-1:15pm.
This event will be open to the public. Advance registration is required.
Erica Borghard is a resident senior fellow with the New American Engagement Initiative at the Scowcroft Center for Strategy and Security at the Atlantic Council. She also serves as a senior director on the US Cyberspace Solarium Commission. Previously, Erica was an Assistant Professor in the Army Cyber Institute at the United States Military Academy at West Point. Prior to that, Erica was a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, with placement at JPMorgan Chase and US Cyber Command. Erica also served as an Assistant Professor and Executive Director of the Rupert H. Johnson Grand Strategy Program in the Department of Social Sciences at West Point. Erica received her PhD in Political Science from Columbia University. She is a term member at the Council on Foreign Relations and an adjunct research fellow at the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia University.
Priscilla Moriuchi is a non-resident fellow at Harvard's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and works in Security Engineering and Architecture at Apple.
Ms. Moriuchi is an expert on state-sponsored cyber operations and Asia Pacific regional and cyber threats, and is a widely published researcher and commentator on national and cyber on national and cyber security issues. Her cutting-edge research on China, Russia, and North Korea has been featured in the New York Times, The Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal, and many others. Ms. Moriuchi was formerly the Head of Nation-state Research and the Principal Researcher at Recorded Future. Prior to joining the private sector, Ms. Moriuchi spent 12 years at the National Security Agency, most recently as the Enduring Threat Manager and top subject matter expert on East Asia and Pacific (EAP) cyber threats.
Camille Stewart is an attorney whose cross-cutting perspective on complex technology, cyber, and national security, and foreign policy issues has landed her in significant roles at leading government and private sector companies like the Department of Homeland Security, Deloitte, and Google. Camille is Head of Security Policy & Election Integrity for Google Play and Android where she leads cybersecurity, privacy, election integrity, and misinformation policy efforts. Prior to Google, Camille managed cybersecurity, election security, tech innovation, and risk issues at Deloitte. Camille was appointed by President Barack Obama the Senior Policy Advisor for Cyber Infrastructure & Resilience Policy at the Department of Homeland Security. She was the Senior Manager of Legal Affairs at Cyveillance, a cybersecurity company, after working on Capitol Hill.
Camille is an award winning security expert. She is on the Board of Directors for the International Foundation for Electoral Systems and Girl Security. She is a Harvard Belfer Center Cyber Fellow, Truman National Security Fellow, New America Political Reform Fellow, and Council on Foreign Relations Term Member. Camille is the co-Founder of Diversity in National Security Network, on the Advisory Board of Women of Color Advancing Peace & Security and the founder of the Cybersecurity & Emerging Tech working group. She is also leading a project with a DC think tank addressing the exfiltration of sensitive technology and IP through the courts. You can find out more about Camille and her current projects at www.CamilleStewart.com and follow her on Twitter @CamilleEsq.
David E. Sanger, adjunct lecturer at the Kennedy School and a senior fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, is a national security correspondent and a senior writer at The New York Times. In a 36-year reporting career for The Times, he has been on three teams that have won Pulitzer Prizes, most recently in 2017 for international reporting. His newest book, “The Perfect Weapon: War, Sabotage and Fear in the Cyber Age,’’ published in 2018, examines the emergence of cyberconflict as the primary way large and small states are competing and undercutting each other, changing the nature of global power.
He is also the author of two previous Times best sellers on foreign policy and national security: “The Inheritance: The World Obama Confronts and the Challenges to American Power,” published in 2009, and “Confront and Conceal: Obama’s Secret Wars and Surprising Use of American Power,” published in 2012. For The Times, Mr. Sanger has served as Tokyo bureau chief, Washington economic correspondent, White House correspondent during the Clinton and Bush administrations, and chief Washington correspondent.
Mr. Sanger spent six years in Tokyo, writing about the emergence of Japan as a major American competitor, and then the country’s humbling recession. He wrote many of the first articles about North Korea’s emerging nuclear weapons program.
Returning to Washington, Mr. Sanger turned to a wide range of diplomatic and national security issues, especially issues of nuclear proliferation and the rise of cyberconflict among nations. In reporting for The Times and “Confront and Conceal,” he revealed the story of Olympic Games, the code name for the most sophisticated cyberattack in history, the American-Israeli effort to sabotage Iran’s nuclear program with the Stuxnet worm. His journalistic pursuit of the origins of Stuxnet became the subject of the documentary “Zero Days,” which made the short list of Academy Award documentaries in 2016. With his Times colleague Bill Broad, he also described, in early 2017, a parallel cybereffort against North Korea.
Mr. Sanger was a leading member of the team that investigated the causes of the Challenger disaster in 1986, which was awarded a Pulitzer in national reporting the following year. A second Pulitzer, in 1999, was awarded to a team that investigated the struggles within the Clinton administration over controlling technology exports to China. He has also won the Weintal Prize for diplomatic reporting for his coverage of the Iraq and Korea crises, the Aldo Beckman prize for coverage of the presidency, and, in two separate years, the Merriman Smith Memorial Award, for coverage of national security issues. “Nuclear Jihad,” the documentary that Mr. Sanger reported for Discovery/Times Television, won the duPont-Columbia Award for its explanation of the workings of the A. Q. Khan nuclear proliferation network. That coverage was also a finalist for a Pulitzer.
A 1982 graduate of Harvard College, Mr. Sanger was the first senior fellow in The Press and National Security at the Belfer Center. With Graham T. Allison Jr., he co-teaches Central Challenges in American National Security, Strategy and the Press at the Kennedy School of Government.